Missing the income tax proof submission deadline or delays in planning your tax saving investments make for an unpleasant year end. And if you have missed submitting bills for your reimbursements too - you are worried about the taxes that you could have saved.
There are still ways to save tax and you can even get a refund from the Income Tax Department in case your employer has deducted higher taxes. There are several exemptions and deductions that you can claim at the time of e-filing.
Let's take a look at these Exemptions & Deductions that you can claim even though you are past the deadline of tax proof submission of your employer:
Claim HRA in your Return: Forgot to submit rent receipts to your employer on time? Don't worry! If you live on rent and have made rent payments you can claim deduction on House Rent Allowance at the time of filing your return. All you need is your rent receipts and PAN of your landlord (where rent payments are more than Rs 1,00,000 per annum). Here is our HRA calculator you can use to find out how much HRA will be exempt from tax. Now re-calculate your total taxable income after adjusting this exemption. Finally calculate your tax dues. An expert can do this calculation for you and help you avail HRA Benefit. You can then claim a refund of excess tax deducted by your employer in your Income Tax Return.
Claim deductions under section 80C with no investments: Section 80C allows you to reduce Rs 1,50,000 from your taxable income. You can view the entire list of deductions allowed under section 80C here.
If you were not able to submit the details of your Section 80C deductions to your employer timely, you can claim them in your Income Tax Return.
You can claim them during return filing, even though they don't appear on your Form 16 since you did not have the time to intimate your employer. Or you may have made those investments after the last date given by employer for proof submission (but you make investments for deductions before 31st March of the financial year).
Say you made some investments to claim Section 80C deduction - deposits to PPF, paid life insurance premium or purchased NSCs. You can easily claim them while filing your IT Return. Have the required details ready with you for e-filing and claim them.
You will notice that not all of the listed deductions require investment. Some of these are expenses which you may have done during the financial year. So if have not been able to fill up your cup with investments these expenses will come to your rescue. Claim them while filing your Return.
Claim these deductions under section 80C without making any additional investments. You can sum up all these expenses and add them to the deduction under Section 80C on ClearTax. Here is the list:
Cannot claim LTA & Medical Reimbursement in your Return: Unfortunately the exemption on LTA cannot be claimed in your return. The bills for your travel against LTA can only be claimed via your employer. LTA is allowed to be claimed twice in a block of four years. The current block is 2014 to 2018. You are allowed to carry forward your unclaimed LTA to the next year, so you can request your employer to not deduct tax on it and allow you to claim it next year. There is no way to claim this amount if you have missed submitting bills to your employer. Your employer will deduct tax and pay you the medical reimbursement amount for which you didn't submit bills.
No submission of proofs required with the Return: Do note that you DO NOT need to submit these income tax proofs to ClearTax or to the Income Tax Department. We recommend you keep those safely with yourself, lest you receive an Income Tax Notice and the Assessing Officer calls for them. You must retain these proofs at least until September of the next year.