Debit

Reviewed by Vineeth | Updated on Aug 27, 2020

Introduction

A debit is an entry in accounting which will result in either a reduction in liabilities or rise in assets in the balance sheet of a company. In the accounting fundamentals, debits are always balanced up against credits, which will operate in the inverse relation. For example, if a company avails a loan in order to buy a piece of equipment, it will lead to the creation of a credit account (depending on the type of credit), and meanwhile, records debit fixed assets. The debit is abbreviated as dr. At times, the term debtor is also referred to as ‘dr’.

Understanding Debit

All double-entry accounting systems come with the feature of debit. In standard journal entries, debits are placed on top lines. On the other hand, credits are noted on the lines beneath the debits. While using T-accounts, debits are on the left-hand side of the chart. Credits, on the other hand, are on the right-hand side. Credits and debits are made use of in the trial balance and calibrated trial balance to make sure that entries are balanced. The total amount of all debits put together must be equal to the total amount of all credits put together. In simple terms, credits and debits must tally with each other.

The dangling debit is a balance of debit with no offset of the balance of credit which would permit it to get written off. It happens in financial accounting and shows that there are some discrepancies in the balance sheet of a company. This generally occurs when the company buys goods or services.

Debit Notes

A debit note is a type of proof of an organisation generating a valid entry of doing business with another entity. This may happen when a buyer goes onto return the purchased material back to the supplier and validates reimbursement of the amount that the purchaser had earlier shelled out. In this case, the buyer will go on to issuing a debit note which shows the transaction on the account.