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Books of accounts including vouchers and receipts are required to be maintained under different statutory laws – Income Tax Act, Companies Act 2013 and GST Act. Books to be maintained, retention period and compulsion requirements are different under all the 3 laws.
If the sale/turnover/gross receipts from the business or profession is more than Rs. 25,00,000 or the income from business or profession is more than Rs. 2,50,000 in any of the 3 preceding years, then books of accounts will be compulsorily maintained.
Following professions are covered under this provision:
Thus, if the above-mentioned professions have an income of more than Rs. 2,50,000 in any of the 3 preceding years, they need to maintain books of accounts. In case of a new profession also, if the income is expected to be more than Rs. 2,50,000, the professionals should maintain books.
If the income isn’t more than Rs. 2,50,000 in any of the 3 preceding years or not expected to be more than Rs. 2,50,000 in case of a new profession, then also books should be maintained. However, books, in this case, haven’t been specified – so any books can be maintained but it should be such that ATO can calculate the income. Books should be maintained for a period of 6 years from the end of the relevant year.
Every company has to maintain books of accounts, at the registered office or any office that the board of directors may decide. If the company is maintaining books at an office other than the registered office, it has to intimate the same to RoC. The company can maintain the accounts electronically also.
Books should be maintained for a period of 8 years from the end of the relevant financial year.
Every registered person has to maintain GST records at the principal place of business.
Books and records should be maintained for 6 years from the last date of filing of the annual return (31st December) for that year.