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The Mid-Day Meal Scheme was started in India on 15 August 1995 as ‘National Programme of Nutritional Support to Primary Education (NP-NSPE)’. It was renamed as ‘ ‘National Programme of Mid Day Meal in Schools’ in October 2007, also known as the Mid-Day Meal (MDM) Scheme.
Under the MDM scheme, one meal is provided to all children enrolled in government schools, local body schools, government-aided schools, special training centres (STC), maktabs and madrasas supported under the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan. Cooked meals are provided to every child enrolled and attaining school from six to fourteen years. Meals are provided to children studying in Class I to VIII.
The objectives of the MDM scheme are:
The features of the MDM scheme are:
The quantity of food items provided under this scheme per child per school day is as follows:
|Food items||Primary level (Class I-V)||Upper level (Class VI-VIII)|
|Food Grains||100 gms||150 gms|
|Pulses||20 gms||30 gms|
|Vegetables (leafy also)||50 gms||75 gms|
|Oil & fat||5 gms||7.5 gms|
|Salt & condiments||As per need||As per need|
The calories intake prescribed per child per school day is as follows:
|Calories Intake||Primary||Upper Primary|
|Energy||450 calories||700 calories|
|Protein||12 grams||20 grams|
A subsidy for the transportation of the food grains is provided to eleven special category states at a Public Distribution System rate prevailing in these states and up to a maximum of Rs.75 per quintal for the states/UTs other than eleven special category states.