Nidhi Company is a type of Non-Banking Financial Company (NBFC). It is formed to borrow and lend money to its members. It inculcates the habit of saving among its members and works on the principle of mutual benefit. These companies typically operate in the southern part of the country.
Nidhi Company isn’t required to receive the license from Reserve Bank of India (RBI), hence it is easy to form.
It is registered as a public company and should have “Nidhi Limited” as the last words of its name.
Nidhi Company can’t deal with chit funds, hire-purchase finance, leasing finance, insurance or securities business. It is strictly prohibited from accepting deposits from or lending funds to, any other person except members.
Also, it can’t advertise itself to ask for any deposits.
Number of members
Minimum of seven members is required to start a Nidhi Company out of which three members must be the directors of the company.
Share Capital and Owners’ Funds
A minimum of 5 lakh rupees, is required as the equity share capital to start a Nidhi Company. Nidhi Company can’t issue preference shares.
Documents required for registration
Proof of the registered place of business (Ownership documents/ rent or lease agreement)
No Objection Certificate (signed by the owner/ landlord)
Address proofs of the members
Photos of the members
PAN card copies of the members
Digital Signature (DSC)
Director Identification Number (DIN) of the directors
Memorandum of Association of the company (MoA)
Articles of Association of the company (AoA)
Only one object will be mentioned in MoA of the company: “cultivating the habit of thrift and savings amongst its members, receiving deposits from, and lending to, its members only, for their mutual benefit..”
Forms to be filed
There are two forms which are required to be filed.
Conditions to be fulfilled for getting ‘Nidhi’ status
Within one year of its registration
Nidhi Company should have minimum 200 members within one year from commencement
Also, the net owned funds should be 10 lakh rupees or more. Net owned funds = Equity share capital + free reserves (-) accumulated losses (-) intangible assets
Unencumbered term deposits must be 10% or higher of the outstanding deposits
The ratio of net owned funds to deposits shouldn’t be more than 1:20
If Nidhi Company satisfies all above conditions, it should file NDH-1 along with prescribed fees within 90 days from the end of the first financial year after incorporation. The form must be duly certified by practicing CA/ CS/ CWA.
Extension of another financial year can be availed upon submission of NDH-2 to the Regional Director within 30 days from the end of the first financial year.
If even after the second financial year, it doesn’t fulfill the requirements, it can’t accept deposits till it complies with the provisions, and also penalty will be imposed.