No Objection Certificate (NOC) is a legal document, issued by an organization, institute, or an individual to say that they have no objection to the mentioned details in the document. It can be used for employment, trade, litigation, immigration, and many other purposes to nullify any objection by the party concerned in the process.
As a legal document in India, a NOC may be issued by an employer, employee, landlord, tenant, or individual. It can be used while:
This legal document can be used for or against in the court of law. No Objection Certificate usually consists of basic details of the parties involved, and it is addressed to whosoever is concerned.
Let us take an example of a person buying a vehicle which is registered in a different state, say in Maharashtra, to be used in a different state, say in Karnataka. In this case, the seller of the vehicle must get a NOC from the Maharashtra Regional Transportation Officer (RTO) and issue the same to the buyer of the vehicle in Karnataka.
This type of NOC states that the said vehicle has no prior traffic offences against it in Maharashtra. It also states if there is a hypothecation against the vehicle in Maharashtra, or not. The buyer of the vehicle must show this document at the time of re-registering the vehicle in Karnataka.
A NOC is an essential legal document that is a vital bank process, immigration, vehicle and house registration, and in employment scenarios. The standard NOC format can be used for all purposes. You can download a sample NOC format here.