National Pension System (NPS) is a retirement cum pension scheme. By investing in NPS, the investors get the dual benefit of tax-saving and retirement planning. We have covered the following in this article:
1. What is NPS?
National Pension System (NPS) is a government offered retirement planning scheme. It is one of the many investment schemes covered under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act, 1961. By investing in NPS, investors can secure their retirement and at the same time save on taxes of up to Rs 1,50,000 a year. Both private and government employees can opt to invest in this retirement planning scheme.
NPS accounts come in different forms. NPS Tier 1 accounts are the most basic form of NPS. NPS Tier 1 accounts come in different forms; NPS (State Government) NPS (Central Government), NPS (Corporate), and NPS (All Citizens). The rules applicable to these accounts vary, but some general rules apply to all.
2. Eligibility for NPS
The eligibility criteria for NPS is very similar to that of most other government offered schemes. The following are the eligibility criteria to invest in NPS:
- The applicant must be an Indian citizen
- The applicant must be in the age bracket of 18-65 years
- The applicant must invest at least Rs 1,000 to their NPS account
- The applicant must undergo the Know Your Customer (KYC) process
3. Features of NPS
The following are the features of NPS Tier 1 accounts:
- NPS Tier 1 accounts are the most basic form of NPS accounts
- Employees working in the government and private sectors are eligible to subscribe under NPS
- Investors can invest as low as Rs 1,000 a year in these accounts
- Investors can get additional tax deduction of Rs 50,000 under Section 80CCD(1B)
- Employees can claim a tax deduction of up to 20% of their salary contributed towards NPS
- Returns earned on NPS are exempted from taxation
- The NPS account matures once the subscriber retires or attains the age of 60 years
- On maturity, the subscribers can withdraw up to 60% of the amount accumulated in the account while the remaining 40% is used to purchase an annuity plan
- Premature withdrawals are allowed on meeting some conditions
4. How to Open NPS Tier 1 Account?
Applicants can open NPS accounts both online and offline. To open an NPS account offline, one must do the following:
- Visit the nearest branch of Point of Presence-Service Providers (POP-SP) such as banks
- Duly fill the offline application form available at POP-SP
- Attach the requisite documents with the application form and submit
- Invest the amount you would like periodically
To open an NPS account online, one must do the following:
- Log onto the eNPS website and navigate to the registration section
- Enter all the requested information and authenticate with the OTP sent on the mobile
- Select the preferred account type; under this, you must choose ‘Tier 1’. You should note that you cannot open a Tier II account without having a Tier 1 account already
- Select the fund manager (there are eight fund houses, choose your preferred one)
- Select the mode of investment (auto and active modes). Auto mode is the one which allocates and rebalances your portfolio as per the age while the active mode is the one under which you are in charge to choose the assets in your portfolio
- Furnish the details of the nominees and specify their respective share
- Upload the requested documents in the prescribed format
- Make the initial contribution (Rs 500) and complete the registration
- Your Permanent Retirement Account Number (PRAN) would be generated on completing the registration, store it
5. Interest Rate on NPS
Unlike other government-backed schemes such as Public Provident Fund (PPF), the returns on NPS are not fixed. The returns on NPS varies as the individuals will have to choose their preferred fund house. Therefore, the returns vary across the fund houses. There are eight fund houses that the investors can choose from and they are: SBI Pension Fund, UTI Retirement Solutions Pension Fund, DSP Blackrock Pension Fund, ICICI Prudential Pension Fund, Reliance Capital Pension Fund, LIC Pension Fund, HDFC Pension Management Company, and Kotak Mahindra Pension Fund. If the applicant does not choose the fund house, then the SBI Pension Fund will be chosen as default.
6. NPS Withdrawal
Subscribers are allowed to make premature withdrawals on the following conditions:
- The subscriber must be enrolled under the NPS system for a minimum of three years
- The amount of withdrawal is not more than 25% of the subscriber’s contributions
- A subscriber can make a maximum of three withdrawals thought the tenure of NPS subscription
- Withdrawals can be for particular reasons such as children’s education, marriage, purchase of a property, and treatment of severe illnesses
NPS is an excellent retirement cum pension scheme. Investors will get the dual benefit of tax deductions and retirement planning. NPS is an excellent means to set aside a nominal sum periodically to secure one’s retired life.