Reviewed by Sep 30, 2020| Updated on
Insurance underwriting is undertaken by professionals who analyse risks associated with insuring people and assets. Insurance underwriter charges a fee for assessing insurance risks. The fee charged can be in the form of a commission, premium, or interest.
Underwriters are commonly seen in the sectors, such as the mortgage industry, equity market, and debt security trading in addition to the insurance sector. A lead underwriter is also known as a book runner.
Insurance underwriters review applications and process them based on risk analysis. They also advise on risk management issues, the available coverage for specific people, and reviewing the risks of existing clients for extended coverage.
Marine Insurance Underwriters The concept of underwriters, initially, emerged from the marine insurance. Shipowners sought for marine insurance to get coverage for the ship, as well as the cargo if the ship is lost. The value of the ship and the cargo were assessed based on the description of the ship, its content, crew, and destination. The risks are established after an analysis using actuarial data and specialised software.
Mortgage Underwriters Mortgage loan approvals are based on the applicant's income, credit history, debt ratios, and overall savings. Mortgage underwriters must ensure that a loan applicant satisfies all the requirements. They also verify the property's appraisal to make sure that the home is worth the purchase price and loan amount.
The other types of underwriters include equity underwriters and debt security underwriters.
Insurance underwriter assumes the risk of a future event and calculates the premium covering the risk of damage. The premium calculated forms a consideration for the promise to reimburse the insured in the event of damage.
The risk is evaluated before the end of the term of the policy period and at the time of renewal. In the case of a home insurance underwriter, the underwriters inspect the homes or properties for any apparent insurance risks. These include cracked sidewalks, deteriorating roofs and so on.