Introduction to budget deficit
A budget deficit occurs when expenditures surpass revenue and then up impacting the financial health of a country. The term budget deficit is generally used when talking about total economic spending rather than the budget of businesses or individuals. National debt is made of the accrued deficits in budget.
Understanding Budget Deficit
When a budget deficit is documented, it means that the total current expenses are more than the amount of income generated by the country through regular operations. A country that wants to improve the budget deficit will have to scale down specific expenses, boost their revenue-generating activities, or even turn to a combination of the two. The opposite of a budget deficit is a budget surplus. In this case, revenue is more than the total current expenses and this leads to excess funds that can be used by the country as desired. In situations in which the inflows equal to the outflows, the budget is balanced.
The Danger of Budget Deficits
One of the chief hazards of a deficit in budget is inflation. This refers to the growth of the price levels of different goods. Continued budget deficits can also lead to inflationary monetary policies, year after year.
Types Of Budget Deficit
There are three types of budget deficit. They are
- Fiscal Deficit
- Revenue Deficit
- Primary Deficit
Calculating Budget Deficit
Budget Deficit = The Total Expenditures by the Government − The Total Income of the government
The total income of the government involves corporate taxes, personal taxes, stamp duties, etc
Total expenditure consists of the expense in defence, energy, science, healthcare, social security, etc.