Budget 2022 Highlights : PDF Download, Key Takeaways, Important Points

Updated on Feb 08, 2022 – 04:49:23 AM

The Budget 2022 focused on ‘digital and technology’ and sectors like infrastructure, health, education and provision of e-services to the masses. This Union Budget laid a foundation and blueprint of the economy over ‘Amrit Kal’ of the next 25 years – from India at 75 to India at 100.
India posted a 9.2% GDP growth, the highest among all economies. We are amid the Omicron wave, the speed of our vaccination campaign has helped dramatically. The FM stated that ‘Sabka Prayaas’ will continue with strong growth. Budget 2022 has provided a sharp increase in public investment and capital expenditure provision. Strategic transfer of ownership of Air India has been completed.

  1. Direct Taxes – Income Tax
  2. Indirect Taxes – GST & Customs
  3. Budget Allocation
  4. Education
  5. Startups (Drone, etc.)
  6. Agriculture
  7. Investment, Sectoral allocation
  8. Virtual currency
  9. MSME
  10. e-Vehicles and energy
  11. Digital banking
  12. Internet connectivity
  13. Defence
  14. Healthcare
  15. Infra, Roadways, Railways, Waterways and Logistics
  16. Housing and basic amenities
  17. Employment
  18. Budget 2021 PDFs

Budget 2022 Highlights

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Direct Taxes – Income Tax

  • A new provision is introduced to allow taxpayers to update the past return and include omitted income by additional tax payment. The updated return can be filed within two years from the end of the relevant assessment year.

  • Tax incentive period extended by one year for startups. Eligible Startups incorporated under Section 80-IAC will now get tax benefits until March 31, 2023.

  • Corporate surcharge to be reduced from 12% to 7%.

  • Alternate Minimum Tax (AMT) to be reduced to 15% for co-operative societies.

  • Income from transfer of digital assets such as crypto to be taxed at 30%. No deductions will be allowed except the cost of acquisition of digital assets. Loss on sale of digital assets cannot be set off against any other income. TDS at 1% will be levied above the threshold. Gifting of digital assets will also be taxable in the hands of the receiver.

  • To bring parity between Central and state government employees, the Finance Ministry proposed to increase the threshold of employers contribution to the National Pension Scheme (NPS) Tier-I account from 10% to 14%.

  • The parent/guardian of the differently-abled can get a tax deduction on payment of the annuity or lump sum during the lifetime of parent or guardian, once the parent or guardian has attained 60 years.

  • Any surcharge and cess levied on income are not allowed as business expenditure.

  • Brought forward loss cannot be set off against undisclosed income detected during any survey or search.

Indirect Taxes – GST & Customs

  • The record collection of Rs 1,38,394 crore gross GST revenues in January 2022 was the highest since GST inception.

  • Concessional customs duty on import of capital goods to be phased out, the initial rate of 7.5% to be imposed.

  • More than 350 exemptions on importing some agri products, chemicals, drugs, etc., will be phased out.

  • Duty concession on import of phone chargers, transformers, etc., enable domestic manufacturing.

  • Customs duty on imitation jewellery was raised to discourage their imports.

  • Duty on specified leather, packaging boxes reduced to incentivise exports.

  • Customs duty on cut and polished diamonds, gems to be reduced to 5%.

  • Customs duty exemption on steel scrap is being extended by a year to help MSMEs.

  • Customs duty on methanol to be reduced.

  • Levying additional excise duty at Rs.2 per litre on unblended fuel to encourage fuel blending.

Budget allocation

  • A 6.4% fiscal deficit has been projected for India in FY23.

  • Revised fiscal deficit estimated at 6.9% of GDP.

  • States to get Rs 1 lakh crore as 50-year interest-free loans to help fund PM Gati Shakti-related investments.

  • The government’s effective capital expenditure is estimated at Rs 10.68 lakh crore in 2022-23, about 4.1% of GDP.

  • The outlay for capital expenditure to be stepped up sharply by 35.4% from Rs 4.54 lakh crore to Rs 7.50 lakh crore in 2022-23.

Education

  • 2 lakh Anganwadis to be upgraded for improving child health.

  • Two years of education regression for school going children means we need to double-up efforts and spending to bridge education gaps. NEP had advocated a 6% of GDP to be directed towards education. While we remain far short, the announcement of tech-based platforms ‘One class, one TV channel’ program of PM eVIDYA for school children and the establishment of a digital university were the need of the hour.

  • Digital university to set up for online education focusing on ICT using a hub and spoke model.

  • Select ITIs in all states that will offer skilling courses.

  • One class, one TV channel’ programme of PM eVIDYA will be expanded from 12 to 200 TV channels. This will enable all states to provide supplementary education in regional languages for classes 1 to 12.

Startups (Drone, etc.)

  • Defence R&D to be opened up for industry and startups.

  • Startups will be promoted to facilitate ‘drone shakti’ to promote drone usage.

Agriculture

  • Government to promote funds for blended finance (government share limited to 20%) for sunrise opportunities such as climate action, agri-tech, etc.

  • Fund to be facilitated through NABARD to finance startups for agriculture and rural enterprise, relevant for farm produce value chain. Startups will support FPOs and provide tech to farmers.

  • Use of Kisan Drones to be promoted for crop assessment, digitisation of land records, spraying of insecticides and nutrients.

  • Procurement of wheat in Rabi season 2021-22 and the estimated procurement of paddy in Kharif season 2021-22 will give cover 1208 lakh metric tonnes of wheat & paddy from 163 lakh farmers with Rs 2.37 lakh crore will be the direct payment of MSP value to their accounts.

  • Delivery of hi-tech services for farmers to be launched.

  • MSP for farmers to be transferred directly into bank accounts.

  • Chemical-free natural farming to be promoted in India.

Investment, Sectoral allocation

  • Regulatory framework for venture capital to be reviewed; an expert committee to be set up.
  • PM development initiatives for the northeast will be implemented for the North Eastern Council. This will enable livelihood activities for youth and women. This scheme is not a substitute for the existing Centre or State schemes.

Virtual currency

  • RBI to introduce the digital rupee using blockchain technology starting 2022-23.

MSME

  • The next phase of ease of doing business and living will be launched.
  • To support sectors disproportionately affected by the pandemic, FM announces extension of ECLGS till Mar-23. Given that nearly 95% of ECLGS borrowers are MSMEs, this measure will ensure the continued handholding of MSMEs and the services sector. The services sector, which accounts for more than 60% of India’s GDP, remains an important engine of economic growth, job creation, income generation and livelihood support.
  • The extension of ECLG will provide a boon to lending to the MSME sector. Simultaneously, the revamp of CGTSME will be an added incentive for banks to extend lending: SBI’s Soumya Kanti Ghosh.
  • Experts say ECLGS (emergency credit line) extension till March 2023 is a critical step.
  • The govt took measures to make MSMEs more resilient and competitive.
  • Emergency Credit Line Guarantee Scheme has helped 130 lakh MSMEs mitigate the worst impact of the pandemic.

e-Vehicles and energy

  • Energy efficiency and saving measures will be promoted.
  • A battery-swapping policy to be brought out with interoperability standards to boost the EV ecosystem.
  • FM announces Rs 19,500 crore allocation in PLI for solar modules.

Digital banking

  • An online bill system will be launched to reduce the delay in payment. All central ministries will use it.
  • Credit growth increased by Rs 5.4 lakh crore this year, the highest in many years.

Internet connectivity

  • 5G spectrum auction in 2022-23.
  • Bharatnet project contracts for optical fibre networks will be handed out under the PPP model.
  • All villages should have the same access to digital resources as urban areas.

Defence

  • 68% of the capital procurement budget in defence will be earmarked for the domestic industry in 2022-23.

e-Passport

  • Issuance of e-passports with futuristic tech to be introduced in 2022-23.
  • The finance minister has said India would start issuing e-passports in 2022-23. When first announced in 2019, these were some of the features proposed:
    • These e-passports will take a few seconds to read.
    • The prototype was tested in a US government identified laboratory.
    • They are expected to have thicker front and back covers.
    • The back cover is expected to have a small silicon chip.
    • The chip will have 64 kilobytes of memory space.
    • Holder’s photograph and fingerprints will be stored in the chip.
    • Will have the capacity to store 30 visits.
  • States to be supported for urban capacity building.

Healthcare

  • An open platform for the National Digital Health Ecosystem will be rolled out. It will consist of digital registries of health providers and facilities, unique health identity and universal access to health facilities.
  • Pandemic has brought to the fore the issue of mental health. A national tele mental health programme will be launched.

Infra, Roadways, Railways, Waterways and Logistics

  • New rail products in the form of ‘One Station – One Product’, 400 next-gen Vande Bharat trains, and 100 PM Gati Shakti cargo terminals over the next three years provides integration of NIP with Gati Shakti and is likely to prove crucial in employment generation as the transport network is rich in terms of backward and forward linkages with the rest of the economy.
  • Draft DPRs for five river links have been finalised.
  • 400 Vande Bharat trains with higher efficiency for passengers will be developed in the next three years.
  • The Budget focuses on public investment to modernise infrastructure over the medium term, leveraging the tech platform of Gati Shakti via a multi-modal approach.
  • Four multi-modal national parks contracts will be awarded in FY23.
  • PM Gatishakti master plan for expressways will be formulated in the next financial year.
  • The scope of PM Gatishakti master plan will encompass the seven engines of economic transformation.

Housing and basic amenities

  • In 2022-23, 80 lakh households will be identified for the affordable household scheme.
  • 60,000 crore allocated for providing access to tap water to 3.8 crore households.
  • The value of the increase in infra spend is unclear through PM Gati Shakti plan, unlike the clear 34.5% increase last year to Rs 5.5 lakh crore.
  • Ken-Betwa link at Rs 44,605 crore to be taken up to provide irrigation to 9.05 lakh hectares, 65 lakh people drinking water, hydro and solar power.

Employment

  • Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme for achieving Aatmanirbhar Bharat has received an excellent response, potentially creating 60 lakh new jobs and additional production of 30 lakh crore during the next Keycap digit five years.
  • PLI schemes across 14 sectors have achieved a tremendous response and created 60 lakh job opportunities.

Budget 2021 PDFs – Budget 2021

Topic PDF
Budget at a Glance PDF Link
Budget Speech PDF Link
Deficit Statistics PDF Link
Transfer of Resources to States and Union Territories with Legislature PDF Link
Budget Profile PDF Link
Receipts PDF Link
Expenditure PDF Link
Outlay on Major Schemes PDF Link
Statement I – Consolidated Fund of India
Revenue Account – Receipts PDF Link
Revenue Account – Disbursements PDF Link
Capital Account – Receipts PDF Link
Capital Account – Disbursements PDF Link
Statement IA – Disbursements ‘Charged’ on the Consolidated Fund of India PDF Link
Statement II – Contingency Fund of India – Net PDF Link
Statement III – Public Account of India
Receipts PDF Link
Disbursements PDF Link
Receipts & Expenditure of Union Territories without Legislature PDF Link
Finance Bill PDF Link
Budget Highlights (Key Features) PDF Link
Memorandum PDF Link
Receipt Budget
Introductory Note PDF Link
PART-A RECEIPTS
Abstract of Receipts PDF Link
Summary of Estimates of Tax, Non-Tax Revenue and Capital Receipts
I. Tax Revenue PDF Link
II. Non-Tax Revenue PDF Link
III. Capital Receipts PDF Link
Annexures
1. Trends in Receipts PDF Link
2. Analysis of Tax and Non-Tax Revenue Receipts included in Annexure 1 PDF Link
3. Reconciliation between estimates of Receipts shown in Annual Financial Statement and Receipts Budget PDF Link
4. Statement showing State-wise Distribution of Net Proceeds of Union Taxes and Duties for BE 2020-2021 PDF Link
4A. Statement showing State-wise Distribution of Net Proceeds of Union Taxes and Duties for RE 2019-2020 PDF Link
4B. Statement showing State-wise Distribution of Net Proceeds of Union Taxes and Duties for Actual 2018-2019 PDF Link
5. Tax Revenues raised but not realised (Principal Taxes) PDF Link
6. Arrears of Non-Tax Revenue PDF Link
7. Revenue impact of Tax Incentive under the Central Tax System: Financial Years 2018-19 and 2019-20 PDF Link
8. Sources and Application of National Small Savings Fund as on 31st March, 2020 PDF Link
PART-B ASSET AND LIABILITY STATEMENTS
1. Debt position of the Government of India PDF Link
Expenditure Budget/Profile
Expenditure Profile PDF Link
Expenditure Budget PDF Link
Demands for Grants of Central Government PDF Link
Customs Notifications
Explanatory Notes PDF Link
D.O. Letter from JS(TRU-I) PDF Link
The Macro Economic Framework Statement PDF Link
Medium Term Fiscal Policy cum Fiscal Policy Strategy Statement PDF Link
Output Outcome Framework for Schemes 2020-2021 PDF Link