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Assessment and Audit

Let us look at chapter 11 of CGST rules – Assessment and Audit. This text is taken from http://www.cbec.gov.in/resources//htdocs-cbec/gst/cgst-rules-01july2017%20.pdf

Latest Updates

Update as on 14th March 2020*

1) The due date for filing GSTR-9 (Annual Return) and GSTR-9C (Reconciliation Statement) for FY 2018-19 is extended to June 30, 2020.

2) For businesses with an annual turnover of less than Rs 5 crore, filing of GSTR-9C for FY 2018-19 to be waived off.

3) For businesses with less than Rs 2 crore aggregate turnover in FY 2017-18 and FY 2018-19, no late fee will be charged for the delayed filing of GSTR-9.

*Subject to CBIC notification

Provisional Assessment

(1) Every registered person requesting for payment of tax on a
provisional basis in accordance with the provisions of sub-section (1) of
section 60 shall furnish an application along with the documents in support of his request, electronically in FORM GST ASMT-01 on the common portal, either directly or through a Facilitation Centre

notified by the Commissioner.

(2) The proper officer may, on receipt of the application under sub-rule
(1), issue a notice in FORM GST ASMT-02 requiring the registered person to furnish additional information or documents in support of his request and the applicant shall file a reply to the notice in FORM
GST ASMT – 03, and may appear in person before the said officer if he so
(3) The proper officer shall issue an order in FORM GST ASMT-04 allowing the payment of tax on a provisional basis indicating the value or the rate or both on the basis of which the assessment is to be allowed on a provisional basis and the amount for which the bond is to be
executed and security to be furnished not exceeding twenty five per cent.
of the amount covered under the bond.
(4) The registered person shall execute a bond in accordance with the
provisions of sub-section (2) of section 60 in FORM GST ASMT-05 along with a security in the form of a bank guarantee for an amount as determined under sub-rule (3):
Provided that a bond furnished to the proper officer under the State Goods
and Services Tax Act or Integrated Goods and Services Tax Act shall be deemed to be a bond furnished under the provisions of the Act and the rules made thereunder.
Explanation: For the purposes of this rule, the expression “amount” shall
include the amount of integrated tax, central tax, State tax or Union territory tax and cess payable in respect of the transaction.
(5) The proper officer shall issue a notice in FORM GST ASMT-06, calling
for information and records required for finalization of assessment under sub-section (3) of section 60 and shall issue a final assessment order, specifying the amount payable by the registered person or the amount refundable, if any, in FORM GST ASMT-07.
(6) The applicant may file an application in FORM GST ASMT- 08 for the
release of the security furnished under sub-rule (4) after issue of the order under sub-rule (5).
(7) The proper officer shall release the security furnished under sub-rule
(4), after ensuring that the applicant has paid the amount specified in sub-rule (5) and issue an order in FORM GST ASMT–09 within a period of seven working days from the date of the receipt of the application under sub-rule (6).

Scrutiny of Returns

(1) Where any return furnished by a registered person is selected
for scrutiny, the proper officer shall scrutinize the same in accordance
with the provisions of section 61 with reference to the information available with him, and in case of any discrepancy, he shall issue a notice to the said person in FORM GST ASMT-10, informing him of such discrepancy and seeking his explanation thereto within such
time, not exceeding thirty days from the date of service of the notice or such further period as may be permitted by him and also, where possible, quantifying the amount of tax, interest and any other amount

payable in relation to such discrepancy.

(2) The registered person may accept the discrepancy mentioned in the
notice issued under sub-rule (1), and pay the tax, interest and any other amount arising from such discrepancy and inform the same or furnish an explanation for the discrepancy in FORM GST ASMT-11 to

the proper officer.

(3) Where the explanation furnished by the registered person or the
information submitted under sub-rule (2) is found to be acceptable, the proper officer shall inform him accordingly in FORM GST ASMT-12.

Assessment in Certain Cases

(1) The order of assessment made under sub-section (1) of section 62 shall be issued in FORM GST ASMT-13. (2) The proper officer shall issue a notice to a taxable person in accordance with the provisions of section 63 in FORM GST ASMT-14 containing the grounds on which the assessment is proposed to be made on best judgment basis and after allowing a time of fifteen days to such person to furnish his reply, if any, pass an order in FORM GST ASMT-15.
(3) The order of summary assessment under sub-section (1) of section 64
shall be issued in FORM GST ASMT-16.
(4) The person referred to in sub-section (2) of section 64 may file an
application for withdrawal of the summary assessment order in FORM GST ASMT–17.
(5) The order of withdrawal or, as the case may be, rejection of the
application under subsection (2) of section 64 shall be issued in FORM GST ASMT-18.


(1) The period of audit to be conducted under sub-section (1) of section 65

shall be a financial year or multiples thereof.

(2) Where it is decided to undertake the audit of a registered person in
accordance with the provisions of section 65, the proper officer shall issue a notice in FORM GST ADT-01 in accordance with the provisions of sub-section (3) of the said section.
(3) The proper officer authorised to conduct audit of the records and the
books of account of the registered person shall, with the assistance of the team of officers and officials accompanying him, verify the documents on the basis of which the books of account are maintained and the returns and statements furnished under the provisions of the Act and the
rules made thereunder, the correctness of the turnover, exemptions and
deductions claimed, the rate of tax applied in respect of the supply of goods or services or both, the input tax credit availed and utilised, refund claimed, and other relevant issues and record the observations in

his audit notes.

(4) The proper officer may inform the registered person of the
discrepancies noticed, if any, as observed in the audit and the said person may file his reply and the proper officer shall finalise the findings of the audit after due consideration of the reply furnished.
(5) On conclusion of the audit, the proper officer shall inform the
findings of audit to the registered person in accordance with the provisions of sub-section (6) of section 65 in FORM GST ADT-02.

Special Audit

(1) Where special audit is required to be conducted in accordance with
the provisions of section 66, the officer referred to in the said section
shall issue a direction in FORM GST ADT-03 to the registered person to get his records audited by a chartered accountant or a cost accountant specified in the said direction.
(2) On conclusion of the special audit, the registered person shall be
informed of the findings of the special audit in FORM GST ADT-04.

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