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Inspection, Search and Seizure

Let us look at chapter 17 of CGST rules – Inspection, Search and Seizure. This text is taken from http://www.cbec.gov.in/resources//htdocs-cbec/gst/cgst-rules-01july2017%20.pdf

Inspection, Search and Seizure

(1) Where the proper officer not below the rank of a Joint Commissioner has reasons to believe that a place of business or any other place is to be
visited for the purposes of inspection or search or, as the case may be,
seizure in accordance with the provisions of section 67, he shall issue an authorisation in FORM GST INS-01 authorising any other officer subordinate to him to conduct the inspection or search or, as the
case may be, seizure of goods, documents, books or things liable to
confiscation.
(2) Where any goods, documents, books or things are liable for seizure
under sub-section (2) of section 67, the proper officer or an authorised officer shall make an order of seizure in FORM GST INS-02.
(3) The proper officer or an authorised officer may entrust upon the the
owner or the custodian of goods, from whose custody such goods or things are seized, the custody of such goods or things for safe upkeep and the said person shall not remove, part with, or otherwise deal with

the goods or things except with the previous permission of such officer.

(4) Where it is not practicable to seize any such goods, the proper officer
or the authorised officer may serve on the owner or the custodian of the goods, an order of prohibition in FORM GST INS-03 that he shall not remove, part with, or otherwise deal with the goods except with

the previous permission of such officer.

(5) The officer seizing the goods, documents, books or things shall prepare an inventory of such goods or documents or books or things containing, inter alia, description, quantity or unit, make, mark or model, where applicable, and get it signed by the person from whom such
goods or documents or books or things are seized.

Bond and Security for Release of Seized Goods

(1) The seized goods may be released on a provisional basis upon execution of a bond for the value of the goods in FORM GST INS-04 and furnishing of a security in the form of a bank guarantee equivalent to the

amount of applicable tax, interest and penalty payable.

Explanation: For the purposes of the rules under the provisions of this
Chapter, the “applicable tax” shall include central tax and State tax or central tax and the Union territory tax, as the case may be and the cess, if any, payable under the Goods and Services Tax (Compensation to States) Act, 2017 (15 of 2017).
(2) In case the person to whom the goods were released provisionally fails
to produce the goods at the appointed date and place indicated by the proper officer, the security shall be encashed and adjusted against the tax, interest and penalty and fine, if any, payable in respect of such goods.

Procedure in Respect of Seized Goods

(1) Where the goods or things seized are of perishable or hazardous nature, and if the taxable person pays an amount equivalent to the
market price of such goods or things or the amount of tax, interest and
penalty that is or may become payable by the taxable person, whichever is lower, such goods or, as the case may be, things shall be released forthwith, by an order in FORM GST INS-05, on proof of payment.
(2) Where the taxable person fails to pay the amount referred to in
sub-rule (1) in respect of the said goods or things, the Commissioner may dispose of such goods or things and the amount realized thereby shall be adjusted against the tax, interest, penalty, or any other amount payable in respect of such goods or things.

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