Laws and Regulations

Reviewed by Komal | Updated on Mar 01, 2023



The law is a system of rules that a society or government develops to regulate the actions of the community or society, in general. Laws are made to cater to different segments of the public. The broader segments for which laws are made include crime/criminal proceedings, business agreements, collection of direct tax and indirect taxes, consumer protection, revenue collections and so on.

Understanding Laws and Regulations

Under the revenue collection system, there are laws imposing taxes on turnover of business enterprises. For example, the Goods and Services Act imposes a tax on sales or value of services provided by a business. The tax also includes a claim of credit for tax paid. The revenue collection also includes commodity transaction tax, state taxes such as stamp duty laws.

Direct tax laws are a major source of revenue collection. It consists of the Income Tax Act 1961 which taxes the annual income of various taxpayers. Taxpayers include individuals, Hindu Undivided Family, Association of Persons, Companies, LLPs, Firms and Trusts.

Factors to consider before you invest

Different laws are made to deal with crime, business agreements, consumer protection, dispute resolution, family settlements, marital relations and so on. Laws are also made to deal with funding.

  1. Foreign inward remittance laws regulate the remittance of funds into India from outside India.
  2. Business laws, in general, regulate the basic tenets of business. Specifically, business laws include the Indian Contract Act, Sale of Goods Act, Negotiable instruments Act, Consumer Protection Act. Business laws governing business forms are the Companies Act and the Limited Liability Partnership Act.
  3. Labour laws are made to specify, among others, the working hours for labour, working conditions, security and safety of the workers. Factories Act, Industrial Disputes Act and Trade Unions Act are among the prominent labour laws in India.
  4. There are social security laws and schemes for securing contribution to various social security schemes such as Provident fund Act, Employee State Insurance Act, Workmen Compensation Act and so on.

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