Reviewed by Aug 16, 2023| Updated on
Merchant banking is a professional service provided by the merchant banks to their customers considering their financial needs, for adequate consideration in the form of fee. Merchant banks are banks that conduct fundraising, financial advising and loan services to large corporations.
These banks are experts in international trade, which makes them experts in dealing with large corporations and industries. Merchant banking provides funds to the multinational businesses and large business entities in the country which helps to boost the country’s economic strength.
Merchant banks do not provide services to the general public; their services are limited to business entities and large business corporations.
Merchant banker is a person who provides assistance for the subscription of securities. The merchant banker plays an important role and carries a lot of responsibilities like, private placement of securities, managing public issue of securities, stock broking, international financial advisory services, etc.
Merchant banks typically work with large, established companies that need help with mergers and acquisitions, IPOs, and other complex financial transactions.
The services provided by merchant banks may include underwriting, corporate finance, securities trading, and advisory services.
Merchant banks typically charge higher fees for their services compared to traditional banks due to the specialized nature of their work.
Merchant banks may be standalone institutions or part of larger financial institutions like investment banks or commercial banks.
The functions of merchant banking in India are governed by Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) regulations, 1992.
Portfolio Management Merchant banking provides investment advice to the investors to make the investment decisions. The merchant bank provides portfolio managing assistance to the investors by trading securities on their behalf.
Raising funds for clients Merchant banks assist clients in raising funds from the domestic and international market by buying securities.
Promotional activities The merchant bank also helps in the promotion of the business institute in its initial stages. It helps the organisation to work on their business idea and to get the approval from the government.
Loan Syndication This is the service provided by merchant banks to its clients for raising credit from banks and financial institutions.
Leasing Services Merchant banks also provide leasing services to their customers.
Merchant banking provides a lot of support and opportunities for new businesses. This in turn also has a positive effect on the country’s economic growth.
Expertise: Merchant banks have extensive knowledge of financial markets and industries, providing clients with strategic advice and guidance.
Networking: Merchant banks have vast networks of contacts, including investors, corporations, and financial institutions, which can help clients identify opportunities and connect with potential partners.
International Presence: Merchant banks often have a global presence, which can help clients expand their business internationally and access foreign markets.
Customized Solutions: Merchant banks provide tailored solutions to meet the specific needs of clients, rather than offering off-the-shelf products and services.
Long-term Relationships: Merchant banks typically work closely with clients over the long term, building strong relationships and providing ongoing support and advice.
Merchant banking is a specialized form of banking that focuses on providing customized financial services and advice to corporations, governments, and high net-worth individuals.
Merchant bankers act as intermediaries between their clients and financial markets, helping clients to raise capital, manage risks, and invest wisely.
Merchant banking services include underwriting, syndication, mergers and acquisitions, portfolio management, corporate restructuring, and project financing.
Merchant bankers are skilled in analyzing financial data, assessing market trends, and identifying investment opportunities for their clients.
Merchant banking requires a high level of expertise and experience in financial markets, as well as strong relationships with other financial institutions, regulators, and key stakeholders.
Overall, merchant banking is a broad field that encompasses a range of financial services, including underwriting, M&A, private equity, venture capital, structured finance, wealth management, corporate finance, international trade finance, real estate finance, and advisory services.
Here are some examples of merchant banking :
Underwriting: Merchant banks may provide underwriting services for initial public offerings (IPOs) and other securities issuances. This involves taking on the risk of buying securities from the issuer and then selling them to investors at a profit.
Mergers and Acquisitions (M&A): Merchant banks may also act as intermediaries in M&A transactions, advising both buyers and sellers on deal structure, valuation, and other aspects of the transaction.
Private Equity: Merchant banks may invest in private companies through private equity funds. This involves buying a stake in the company and working with management to improve operations, with the goal of eventually selling the stake at a profit.
Venture Capital: Similar to private equity, merchant banks may also invest in early-stage startups through venture capital funds. This involves taking on more risk in exchange for potentially higher returns.
Wealth Management: Some merchant banks offer wealth management services to high-net-worth individuals and families. This may include investment management, tax planning, estate planning, and other services.