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    fiat money

    Introduction to fiat money

    A government-issued currency is known as fiat money. It is not backed by a physical commodity, like silver or gold, but by the government that declared it. The value of fiat money is determined by the relationship between supply and demand and the overall stability of the government. It is not determined by the worth of any commodity backing it. The most well-known modern paper currencies are fiat currencies, and some examples include the U.S. dollar, the euro, and other major global currencies.

    Understanding Fiat Money

    Fiat money has value only because of the government as it manages that value or because any two parties in a transaction can agree on its value. Governments used to mint coins out of a worthy physical commodity, such as gold or silver, or print paper money that could be obtained for a set amount of a physical entity. Fiat money is inconvertible and can't be redeemed. The word "fiat" comes from a Latin and is often translated as the declaration "it shall be" or "let it be done.

    Advantages Of Fiat Money

    Fiat money works as an acceptable currency if it can manage the roles that a nation's economy demands of its monetary unit—storing value, providing a numerical account, and facilitating exchange. It also has excellent seigniorage. Fiat currencies achieved prominence in the 20th century in part because governments and central banks attempted to insulate their economies from the adversest effects of the natural booms and busts of the business cycle.

    As fiat money is not a fixed resource like gold, central banks have greater control over their supply, which provides them with the power to manage economic variables such as credit supply, liquidity, interest rates, and money velocity.

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