28th GST Council Meeting – Key Decisions announced!

Updated on: Jul 21st, 2021


6 min read

Latest Updates

24th June 2022
The 47th GST Council meeting was held on the 28th and 29th of June 2022 in Chandigarh. Union FM Nirmala Sitharaman chaired this meeting and made recommendations to revise rates for revenue augmentation and correction of inversion while pruning the GST exemption list. Compliance relief was granted to e-commerce suppliers and composition taxpayers.

29th December 2021
The 46th GST Council meeting was held on 31st December 2021 in New Delhi. Union FM Nirmala Sitharaman led meeting has decided to defer the GST rate hike to 12% for textiles.

1st September 2021
45th GST Council meeting was held on 17th September 2021. Tax concessions on COVID-19 essentials got extended, Matter on GST compensation to states was taken up, correction of inverted tax structure, etc were on the agenda.

28th May 2021
43rd GST Council meeting took place on 28th May 2021. The Council approved the GST amnesty scheme to be re-introduced, the late fee was rationalised for all taxpayers, especially for small taxpayers and IGST is exempted on import of COVID treating equipment and relief materials up to 31st August 2021.

Highlights of this GST Council meeting

28th GST council meeting was held on 21st of July 2018 (i.e Saturday) in New Delhi.

Shri Piyush Goyal chaired the Meeting and addressed the Press meet around 7.30 p.m.

GST Return Filing process further simplified

  • Regular taxpayers with a turnover of up to Rs 5 crores can opt to file GST return on a quarterly basis against earlier limit of Rs. 1.5 crores. These taxpayers have to, however, pay taxes monthly through a challan. Return can be either ‘Sahaj’ or ‘Sugam’, wherein the first one, report only B2C supplies and the other report both B2B & B2C supplies, respectively.
  • Regular taxpayers with turnover over Rs. 5 crores, have to file monthly returns- the new return filing system proposed by Shri Nandan Nilekani is approved.  The process would be based on Invoice “UPLOAD – LOCK – PAY TAX”.
  • Amendments shall be carried out by the filing of a return called amendment return and payment if any, will be through this return itself, to help save interest liability for the taxpayers.
  • It is proposed, NIL return filers (no purchase and no sale) shall be given facility to file the return by sending SMS.

Implications: The new return filing for Quarterly filing taxpayers is a welcome move. Compliances made easy – The filing burden has been reduced for more than 93% taxpayers in the country, as the turnover limit for the quarterly returns filing has been hiked from 1.5 crores to 5 crores. This will also ensure lesser possibilities of crashes as the IT systems will work efficiently with a balanced load. It’s to be seen how the proposal for a monthly tax payment plugs the reconciliation gaps and affect ITC claims. Challenge can be where the supply takes place between the Quarterly return filer and Monthly return Filer.

Sops for Composite Dealers get a nod

  • Composition dealers can now get covered for the supply of services: Limit equal to or below 10% of the turnover of services rendered or Rs 5 lakhs, whichever is higher is fixed for opting into the scheme*. Restaurant services are not be included to reckon this criterion.
  • All council members have unanimously voted for bringing into effect the increased threshold limit of  Rs. 1.5 crore from existing Rs 1.0 crore as soon as possible*.

*Subject to an amendment in law Implications: Indeed, the move to include those dealers providing subsidiary services is welcomed and must boost the service industry to a great extent. But certain ambiguities need to be clarified like:

a) What is the idea behind fixing Rs 5 lakhs as a lower base when the minimum threshold for GST registration is Rs.  20 lakhs (Rs 10 lakhs in the N.E States)

b) Whether this applies to service providers only or a person supplying goods as well as services like the earlier provision.

On GST Registration

  • Taxpayers may opt for multiple registrations within a State/Union territory in respect of multiple places of business located within the same State/Union territory. Earlier it was restricted to multiple businesses in the separate States.
  • E-commerce operators needed to have compulsory GST registration only on those non-exempt goods.
  • The threshold for GST exemption increased to 20 lakhs from 10 lakhs for 6 States -Taxpayers operating in Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Assam & Meghalaya.

*Subject to an amendment in law

Reverse charge mechanism deferred for a year till 30th Sept 2019

  • A committee will study the pros and cons of the system and also find the likely impact on revenue.
  • Meanwhile, an amendment is proposed to Levy GST on reverse charge mechanism only on specified goods in case of certain notified classes of registered persons who receive supplies from unregistered suppliers.

Creation of GST Appellate Tribunal

  • National Bench to be set up at New Delhi.
  • 3 State/Regional Bench to come up in Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata with several Area benches. 
  • Amount of pre-deposit payable for filing of appeal before the Appellate Authority and the Appellate Tribunal to be capped at Rs. 25 Crores and Rs. 50 Crores, respectively*.

*Subject to an amendment in law

Transporters to take note of heightened e-way bills compliance

  • As the RFID readers or tags to be implemented in the next 6 months, this is supposed to relieve the transporters from wait at checkposts.
  • Standard operating procedure to be adopted to help the transporters from unnecessary hardship at checkpoints and to give effect to a uniform penalty for default by transporters.

Relief to taxpayers up to 31st August 2018 to complete the registration

  • Those with Prov ID, who couldn’t complete the process of Registration, to complete the process and to encourage the same, the late fees are waived for Return filing.
  • Taxpayers who filed Part A of FORM GST REG-26, but not Part B of the said FORM are requested to approach the jurisdictional Central Tax/State Tax nodal officers with the necessary details on or before 31st August 2018. The Nodal officer would then forward the details to GSTN. 
  • The late fee payable for delayed filing of return in such cases is decided to be waived. First, taxpayers pay late fees, the same will then be reversed in the cash ledger under the tax head.

Rates Rationalised: Consumer segment to enjoy the most

  • Sanitary Napkins exempt from GST:  In one clean swoop the government has made the lives of countless Indian women easy. Sanitary napkins now will be exempt from GST.  This also means that the GST paid on the input raw material used cannot be available for credit due to exemption of the end product, that indirectly impacts the pricing of this product.
  • Ethanol: The implications of reducing the Ethanol rates are far-reaching. It is clear that the government has a bigger plan in place, not only will it impact the sugarcane farmers directly but also lower the cost of producing a range of items to which ethanol is essential, like blending of petrol.
  • Lithium-Ion Batteries: This reduction hopes to serve as a push to the Indian electronic manufacturers, especially directed towards to the mobile phones and electric vehicle sector. It will create a favourable space these manufactures to thrive. Likewise, these products will now be more accessible to the consumer in this growing sector. Reduction of rate for Phosphoric acid has further reduced the stress on the production of ethanol. 

What’s in for Exporters?

  • Extension of the exemption by another year up to 30th September, 2019 granted on outward transportation of all goods by air and sea, as relief to the exporter of goods.
  • Services provided in sectors like banking, IT have been provided relief by exempting services supplied by an establishment of a person in India to any establishment of that person outside India [related party].
  • E-books will attract 5% GST instead of earlier 18%.

Textile Industry at vantage with allowability of refund of accumulated ITC on Inputs to make Fabric Material

Currently, the raw material is charged at a higher GST rate as when compared to the final apparel. Due to this, especially ITC on Fibre material was not being able to be utilised that attracted 12% since the Fabric that was made out of it attracted  GST of only 5%. On account of the inverted duty structure that currently prevails in this industry, Council has proposed for the provision of allowing refund of the accumulated ITC by giving prospective effect to its applicability from 27th July 2018*. *Subject to CBIC Notification

Important announcement regards Invoicing

Registered persons may issue consolidated credit/debit notes in respect of multiple invoices issued in a Financial Year. 

The scope of ITC widened

  • To include further in its scope:
    • Most of the activities or transactions specified in Schedule III;
    • Motor vehicles for transportation of persons, with seating capacity of more than thirteen (including driver), vessels and aircraft;
    • Motor vehicles for transportation of money for or by a banking company or financial institution;
    • Services of general insurance, repair and maintenance in respect of motor vehicles, vessels and aircraft on which credit is available; and
    • Goods or services which are obligatory for an employer to provide to its employees, under any law for the time being in force.
  • In case the recipient fails to pay the due amount to the supplier within 180 days from the date of issue of invoice, the input tax credit availed by the recipient will be reversed. Liability to pay interest is being done away with in that case.
  • Commissioner to be empowered to extend the time limit for return of inputs and capital sent on job work, upto a period of one year and two years, respectively.
  • The order of cross-utilisation of input tax credit is being rationalised.One must await for further announcements giving clarity to this.

Following have been kept out of scope of ‘Supply’

  • Supply of goods from a place in the non-taxable territory to another place in the non-taxable territory without such goods entering into India;
  • Supply of warehoused goods to any person before clearance for home consumption; and
  • Supply of goods in case of high sea sales.

Recent Rate Changes on Goods


S.NOItemsNew RateOld rate
1Rakhi (other than that of precious or semi-precious material )

2Sanitary Napkins12%
3Circulation and commemorative coins5%
4Raw material for broom12%
5Stone/Marble/Wood Deities5%
6Sal leaves and its products18%
7Khali dona18%
8Coir pith Compost5%
9Chenille fabrics and other fabrcis under 5801


10Handloom dari
11Phosphoric Acid (fertilizer grade only)
12Handmade Carpets, Textile Floor, Coverings
13Knitted cap/topi having retails sale value exceeding Rs. 1000
14Kota Stones and Simliar Stones (other than polished)18%
15Ethanol for sale to oil marketing companies for blending with fuel
16Solid Bio fuel pellets
17Marine Engine28%
18Bamboo Flooring


19Hand Operated Rubber Roller
20Brass Kerosene Pressure Stove
21Zip and Slide Fastener
22Handicrafts (Excluding handmade)
23Handbags including pouches and purses; jewellery box
24Fuel Cell vehicle28%
25Televisions upto 68 cm


26Glaziers’ putty, grafting putty, resin cements
27Refrigerators, freezers, water cooler, milk coolers, ice cream freezer
28Washing Machines
29Food Grinders & mixer
30Vacuum Cleaners
31Paints and Varnishes (including enamels and lacquers)
32Shavers, Hair Clippers
33Hair Cleaners
34Storage water heaters
35Immersion heaters
36Hair Dryers, Hand Dryers
37Electric Smoothing irons
38Scent Sprays
39Toilet Sprays
40Pads for application of cosmetics or toilet preparations
41Lithium-ion batteries
42Powder Puffs
43Special purpose motor vehicles
44Work Trucks (Self propelled , not fitted with lifting or handling equipment)
45Trailers & Semi trailers
List of Goods Exempt
Fortified Milkexempt5%

Recent Rate Changes on Services

Rate Change
ServicesNew RatesOld Rates
Supply of e-books5%18%
Supply of Multimodal Transportation12%Nil
List of Services Exempt
Senior Citizens
1. Sevices provided by Coal Mines provident fund organisation to the PF subscribers
2. Services provided by Old age home run by state government / central government to the citizens aged more than 60 years upto Rs. 25000
3. GST exempted on the administrative fee collected by National Pension System Trust
4. Services provided by an unincorporated body or non profiit entiy registered under any law to own members upto Rs. 1000 per year of membership fees.
Agriculture/ Farmers
1. Services by way of artificial insemination of livestock (other than horses)
2. Services provided by FSSAI to food businesses.
3. Services provided by way of warehousing minor forest produce
4. Services provided by the installation and commissioning by DISCOMS for extending electricity distribution network for agricultural use.
Banking/Finance/ Insurance
1. Reinsurance services provided to insurance scheme such as Pradhan Mantri Rashtriya Swasthya Suraksha Mission
1. Guarantees are given by central/state government to their undertakings/PSUs.
2. Services provided by government to ERCC by assigning the right to collect royalty to mining lease holders.
1. Import of services by Foreign diplomatic missions/UN other international organizations
2. GST rate slabs will apply on the actual rate for hotel services instead of declared tariff.

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