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In this article, we will discuss in detail about absolute and relative returns, their importance and how to calculate them.
Relative returns refer to returns as compared to a benchmark index in the country. It is the difference between the absolute return and the market index return. Mutual funds aim to produce a performance which beats the benchmark.
Relative returns help investors in picking up those funds that are outperforming the market. Hence, if an investor wants to know the right time to switch to a new mutual fund, this analysis will help him derive the fund. For example – When a fund manager leaves and takes up another fund, then he/she can tell if the gain or returns are more than the old fund.
Absolute return is the return that the mutual fund has provided over a specified period. Whatever the returns that the mutual fund provides are the absolute return without comparing to any benchmark index. Here, the fund managers are also called as the hedge fund managers who aim to maximise the return using various strategies in the market for the investors irrespective of the market trends.
For example – If a mutual fund’ current value is Rs 10,000 and investment value is Rs 8,000, then the absolute return is (10,000-8,000)/8,000, which turns out to be 25%.
Absolute returns can be used when investors are looking to assume some risk in exchange for the potential to earn high returns. This is irrespective of the timeframe.
|Sr No||Scheme / Category Name||3 Month||1 year||3 years||5 Years|
|1||Axis Long Term Equity Fund – Growth||0.5%||21.6%||9.1%||22.8%|
|2||SBI Magnum Taxgain Scheme 1993 – Regular Plan- Growth||-2.0%||16.4%||7.1%||17.1%|
|3||Aditya Birla Sun Life Tax Plan – Regular Plan – Growth Option||-0.4%||25.8%||11.3%||21.1%|
|4||ICICI Prudential Long Term Equity Fund (Tax Saving) – Growth||0.3%||12.5%||7.6%||17.8%|
|5||HDFC TaxSaver-Growth Plan||-3.5%||16.8%||8.9%||18.2%|
|6||Nifty Index 50||0.4%||16.3%||5.8%||12.2%|
1. For the funds with serial number 1-5, the returns mentioned are the absolute returns over three months, one year, three years and five years.
2. Relative Returns: Relative return of the mutual funds are calculated as below :
Relative return for Axis Long Term Equity Fund and Nifty index.
Relative return 3 months : (0.5%-0.4%) = 0.1% 1 year : (21.6%-16.3%) = 5.3%
3 years : (9.1%-5.8%) = 3.3%
5 years : (22.8%-12.2%) = 10.6%
Here, we see that the Axis Long Term Equity has outperformed the Nifty over all the time, and hence, can be considered as a good fund.
Similarly, for SBI Magnum Tax Gain scheme, which has underperformed for three months and has been at par for a year, it can be considered a long-term bet with returns at 5.2% (17.1%-12.2%).