The GST Composition Scheme is extremely important for those traders who have a turnover below Rs. 1.0 crore* annually. While it has its benefits, there are also several drawbacks of registering under the GST Composition Scheme, and that will be addressed in this article.
*CBIC has notified the increase to the threshold limit from Rs 1.0 Crore to Rs 1.5 Crores from 1st Feb 2019.
In our previous article, we elaborated on why a taxpayer should choose to get himself registered under section 10 of the GST law, which provides the benefit of limited compliance and lower tax rates for small taxpayers.
Latest Updates on Composition Scheme
1st May 2021
The due date to file GSTR-4 for FY 2020-21 was extended from 30th April 2021 to 31st May 2021.
Form CMP-08 that was due by 18th April 2021 for January-March 2021 has been given a relaxation in the interest charges. No interest for filing on or before 8th May, interest reduced to 9% between 9th May and 23rd May, but charged at 18% thereafter.
The time limit to file ITC-03 by newly opted composition taxable persons for FY 2021-22 is extended up to 31st May 2021.
21st September 2020
The late fee has been reduced on filing pending Form GSTR-4 (Quarterly Return). The taxpayer is not required to pay the late fee if the tax liability is ‘NIL’. For other cases, the late fee has been restricted to Rs.500.
However, the pending GSTR-4 (quarterly) related to FY 2017-18 and 2018-19 has to be filed on or before 31st October 2020.
31st August 2020
The due date for furnishing Form GSTR-4 for the FY 2019-20 from 31st August 2020 to 31st October 2020.
Drawbacks of Registering under the GST Composition Scheme
- Limited Territory for Business: A taxpayer registered under the composition scheme is barred from carrying out inter-state sales and cannot offer import-export of goods and services. Thus, he is compelled to carry out only intra-state transactions and this limits the territory of his business. Furthermore, this section limits the benefit only to the boundary of the state.
- No Credit of Input Tax: There has been no provision of input credit on B2B transactions. Thus, if any taxable person is carrying out business on B2B model, such person will not be allowed the credit of input tax paid from the output liability. Also, the buyer of such goods will not get any credit on tax paid, resulting in price distortion and cascading. This will further result in a loss of business as a buyer registered as a normal taxpayer will not get any credit when buying from a person registered under composition scheme. Eventually, such buyers might avoid purchases from a taxpayer under composition scheme.
- No Collection of Tax: Though the rate of composition tax is kept very nominal at 1% or 5%, a taxpayer under composition scheme is not allowed to recover such tax from his buyer, as he is not allowed to raise a tax invoice
As per notification 01/2018 dated 01.01.2018, turnover for traders has been defined as ‘ Turnover of taxable supplies of goods’.
Consequently, the burden of such tax is kept on the taxpayer himself and this has to be paid out of his own pocket. Thus the fundamental principle of limited compliance and tax burden on small taxpayer is defeated here.
- Penal Provision: Another provision which is heavily debated is the penal provision for a taxpayer under composition scheme. As per the GST Law, if the taxpayer who has previously been given registration under composition scheme is found to be not eligible for the composition scheme or if the permission granted earlier was incorrectly granted, then such taxpayer will be liable to pay the differential tax along with a penalty which can extend up to the amount of total tax liability i.e 100%. On analysis of this provision, it can be fairly said that if a small taxpayer who has limited knowledge of tax laws and compliance makes any mistake under composition scheme, he shall be liable to pay tax at the standard rate on his total turnover along with a penalty which will be equal to the total tax liability.
- Electronic Commerce out of scope: One of the major industries which has flourished in recent times, is the e-commerce in India. There have been numerous companies who are into e-commerce, some of them have turnover into crores, however many of them are still at nascent stage and have not achieved breakeven as well. Such units carry out their business online through internet and supply across states. Since they are into inter-state supplies they are not eligible for composition scheme and thus the benefit of this section has been kept away from them. This is further in contradiction with the government vision of “Digital India” and “Startup India” which are aimed to promote the startup ecosystem and digital experience for Indian citizens.
- Not applicable to the supplier supplying goods through E-commerce
Composition scheme is considered instrumental in enabling small taxpayers to reduce the burden of compliance. However, under the current scenario, a small taxpayer has to act very consciously if he chooses to get registered under the composition scheme.
*Update as on 1st Feb 2019
CBIC has notified the increase to the threshold limit from Rs 1.0 Crore to Rs. 1.5 Crores.
**Update as on 10th Jan 2019
As per 32nd GST Council Meeting held on 10th Jan 2019, Service Providers can opt into the Composition Tax Scheme, and the Government has set the threshold turnover for service providers at Rs. 50 lakhs to be eligible for this scheme.