Reviewed by Feb 19, 2021| Updated on
A transaction between two or more parties where the buyer receives the goods or services in exchange for a certain amount of money i.e. the price which is paid to the seller is called as a sale. The product or services can be of tangible or intangible nature. In the stock market, sale is the agreement where the buyer and the seller decides the price of the security.
To complete a sale transaction, both the buyer and seller have to be competent and will have to agree on specific terms of the sale. In addition, the product or service offered must be available for purchase and the seller must have the right to pass the item or service to the purchaser.
A transaction may include the exchange of goods, services or payments between a buyer and a seller in order to be legally called a sale. When one party transfers a good or service to another without receiving anything in return, the transaction is more likely to qualify as a gift or donation, particularly from the point of view of income tax.
Millions of people participate in countless global sales transactions every day, creating a constant flow of assets that form the backbone of the associated economies. Sales of goods and services on a retail market are a more common form of the sales transaction, while sales of investment vehicles on the financial markets are highly refined exchanges of value.
When part of a business process, such as grocery stores and clothing retailers, a deal can be made as well as between individuals. Items purchased through a yard sale would be considered a sale between individuals while buying a personal vehicle from a car dealer would be a sale between an individual and a business.
Sales between companies can also be completed, such as selling available raw materials to a business that uses the raw materials to produce consumer products by one material provider.