Social Sciences

Reviewed by Annapoorna | Updated on Jan 05, 2022



Social sciences refer to the study of human culture as well as social relations. Anthropology, archaeology, economics, geography, history, law, linguistics, politics, psychology, and sociology are the major social sciences.

What is Meant by Social Sciences?

Social science is an academic discipline that is concerned with culture and interpersonal interactions within a society, which often relies primarily on empirical approaches.

In a broader sense, it can often include specific humanities areas, such as archaeology, history, law, and linguistics. Formerly, the word was used to refer to the field of sociology, the original 19th-century "science of the community."

The disciplines of the social sciences are branches of expertise taught and studied at university or college level. The scientific journals in which work is written, and the learned societies in social science and academic departments/faculties to which their specialists belong, identify and acknowledge the disciplines of the social sciences.

The fields of study in social science typically have several subdisciplines or divisions, and the unique distinctions between these are often both vague and unclear.

Positivist social scientists use approaches that mimic those of the natural sciences as tools for understanding society, and thus describe science in its stricter modern sense.

Economics: A Sub-Study Under Social Sciences

Economics refers to a branch of social science that attempts to analyze and explain the production, distribution, and consumption of wealth. It can be defined as 'the study of how people explore to satisfy needs and wants' and 'the study of the financial aspects of human behaviour'.


Many universities offer degrees in the fields of social sciences. The Bachelor of Social Science refers to a degree primarily aimed at the social sciences. The social science topics are also more versatile and in-depth than other degrees.

The Indian Council for Social Science Research (ICSSR) was founded by the Government of India in the year 1969 to promote social science research in the country. ICSSR offers grants for programs, fellowships, international collaboration, capacity building, survey, and publications to encourage social science research in India.

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