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Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) has become a preferred form of organization among entrepreneurs as it incorporates the benefits of both partnership firm and company into a single form of organisation.
The concept of the Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) was introduced in India in 2008. An LLP has the characteristics of both the partnership firm and company. The Limited liability Partnership Act, 2008 regulates the LLP in India. Minimum two partners are required to incorporate an LLP. However, there is no upper limit on the maximum number of partners of an LLP.
Among the partners, there should be a minimum of two designated partners who shall be individuals, and at least one of them should be resident in India. The rights and duties of designated partners are governed by the LLP agreement. They are directly responsible for the compliance of all the provisions of the LLP Act, 2008 and provisions specified in the LLP agreement.
The minimum number of partners to incorporate an LLP is 2. There is no upper limit on the maximum number of partners of LLP. Among the partners, there should be a minimum of two designated partners who shall be individuals, and at least one of them should be resident in India.
The rights and duties of designated partners are governed by the LLP agreement. They are directly responsible for the compliance of all the provisions of the LLP Act 2008 and provisions specified in the LLP agreement.
If you want to start your business with a Limited Liability Partnership, then you must get it registered under the Limited liability Partnership Act, 2008.
|Form name||Purpose of the form|
|RUN – LLP (Reserve Unique Name-Limited Liability Partnership||Form for reserving a name for the LLP|
|FiLLiP||Form for incorporation of LLP|
|Form 5||Notice for change of name|
|Form 17||Application and statement for the conversion of a firm into LLP|
|Form 18||Application and Statement for conversion of a private company/unlisted public company into LLP|
An LLP has a separate legal entity, just like companies. The LLP is distinct from its partners. An LLP can sue and be sued in its own name. The contracts are signed in the name of the LLP, which helps to gain the trust of various stakeholders and gives the customers and suppliers a sense of confidence in the business.
The partners of the LLP have limited liability. The liability of the partners is limited to the contributions made by them. This means that they are liable to pay only the amount of contributions made by them and are not personally liable for any loss in the business. If an LLP becomes insolvent at the time of winding up, only the LLP assets are liable for clearing its debts. The partners have no personal liabilities, and thus they are free to operate as credible businessmen.
The cost of forming an LLP is low compared to the cost of incorporating a public or private limited company. The compliances to be followed by the LLP is also low. The LLP needs to file only two statements annually, i.e. Annual Return and a Statement of Accounts and Solvency.
The LLP can be formed without any minimum capital. There is no requirement of having a minimum paid-up capital before going for incorporation. It can be formed with any amount of capital contributed by the partners.
The compliance that is to be followed by LLP is minimal. But, if these compliances are not completed on time, then the LLP will have to pay a heavy penalty. Even if the LLP does not have any activity in the year, it is required to file returns with the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) annually. If it fails to file the returns, then a heavy penalty will be imposed on the LLP.
A minimum of two partners is required to form an LLP. If the minimum number of partners is below two for six months, then the LLP will be dissolved. It may be dissolved if the LLP is unable to pay its debts.
The LLP does not have the concept of equity or shareholders like a company. Angel investors and venture capitalists cannot invest in the LLP as shareholders. This is because the shareholders must be partners in the LLP and have to take up all the responsibilities of a partner. Thus, angel investors and venture capitalists prefer to invest in a company rather than an LLP making it difficult for the LLPs to raise capital.
Before initiating the process of registration, you must apply for the digital signature of the designated partners of the proposed LLP. This is because all the documents for LLP are filed online and are required to be digitally signed. So, the designated partner must obtain their digital signature certificates from government recognized certifying agencies.
Here is a list of such certified agencies. The cost of obtaining DSC varies depending upon the certifying agency. Also, you should obtain class 3 category of DSC or you can click here & let a ClearTax expert procure DIN for you. If you go for Limited Liability Partnership company registration with ClearTax, up to 2 DINs are covered in the plan & there is no need to apply for DIN separately.
You have to apply for the DIN of all the designated partners or those intending to be designated partner of the proposed LLP. The application for allotment of DIN has to be made in Form DIR-3.
You have to attach the scanned copy of documents (usually Aadhaar and PAN) to the form. The form shall be signed by a Company Secretary in full- time employment of the company or by the Managing Director/Director/CEO/CFO of the existing company in which the applicant shall be appointed as a director.
LLP-RUN (Limited Liability Partnership-Reserve Unique Name) is filed for the reservation of the name of the proposed LLP which shall be processed by the Central Registration Centre under Non-STP. But before quoting the name in the form, it is recommended that you use the free name search facility on MCA portal.
The system will provide the list of closely resembling names of existing companies/LLPs based on the search criteria filled up. This will help you in choosing names not similar to already existing names. The registrar will approve the name only if the name is not undesirable in the opinion of the Central Government and does not resemble any existing partnership firm or an LLP or a body corporate or a trademark.
The form RUN-LLP has to be accompanied by fees as per Annexure ‘A’ which may be either approved/rejected by the registrar. A re-submission of the form shall be allowed to be made within 15 days for rectifying the defects. There is a provision to provide for 2 proposed names of the LLP.
LLP agreement governs the mutual rights and duties amongst the partners and also between the LLP and its partners.
Foreign nationals or NRIs have to submit proof of address also which will be a driving license, bank statement, residence card or any government-issued identity proof containing the address.
If the documents are in other than the English language, a notarized or apostilled translation copy will be also be attached.
Below is the government fees for filing forms:
|Step 1 – DSC||Around Rs. 1500-2000 for 2 partners(varies depending on the agency)|
|Step 2 – DIN||Rs. 1000 for 2 partners|
|Step 3 – Name Reservation||Rs. 200|
|Step 4 – Incorporation||Depends on capital contribution. Contribution up to Rs. 1 lakhs – Rs. 500, Contribution between Rs. 1 and 5 lakhs – Rs. 2000|
|Step 5 – LLP Agreement||Depends on capital contribution. Contribution up to Rs 1 lakhs – Rs 50 for filing Form 3 and stamp duty based on the state where LLP is formed|
LLP formation starting from obtaining DSC to Filing Form 3 takes approximately 10 days, subject to departmental approval and revert from the respective department.
Let our experts manage your taxes and business compliances, while you do what you do best! For more information on documents required for partnership registration click here.
Yes, an registration of an LLP on the Ministry of Corporate (MCA) portal is mandatory. An LLP must obtain registration under the Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) Act to be a legally valid entity.
An LLP must be registered under the LLP Act to operate its business. However, the registration of a partnership firm is voluntary under the Partnership Act, 1932. The liability of each partner is limited to the contribution made by the partner in an LLP. But in a partnership firm, all partners are personally liable for the loss/debts of the firm.
The LLP has a separate legal entity, i.e. it can buy property, sue and be sued in its name. Partnership firms cannot buy a property or sue anyone in the partnership firm’s name. It has to be in the name of the authorised partner as the partnership firm does not have a separate legal entity.
No, the Memorandum of Association (MOA) and the Articles of Association (AOA) are important documents of a company registered under the Companies Act, 2013. The LLP agreement governs the LLP and not the MOA and AOA. Thus, an LLP does not have to draft the MOA and AOA. It has to draft the LLP agreement.
No, there are no directors in an LLP. An LLP does not have to appoint directors or have a board of directors. The partners govern the business of an LLP. The partners take decisions regarding the working and business of the LLP. Thus, an LLP needs to have a minimum of two partners at all times.
Designated Partner Identification Number (DPIN) is a unique number given by the MCA to the designated partner of an LLP. The DPIN is similar to the Director Identification Number (DIN) of a company director. DPIN can be obtained for any person when registering an LLP, or a person can later apply for a DPIN to become a designated partner of an existing LLP.
Any individual partner can become a designated partner in an LLP by consenting to it and in accordance with the LLP agreement. A body corporate cannot be a designated partner. All partners can be designated partners in an LLP if such a provision is provided in the LLP agreement.
Any individual or body corporate can be a partner in an LLP. However, minors, persons of unsound mind and an undischarged insolvent cannot be partners in an LLP.
Every LLP must have at least two designated partners, and at least one of them should be a resident in India. If all partners in an LLP are body corporates, then at least two individual nominees of such body corporates should act as designated partners. Any partner can be a designated partner in accordance with the LLP agreement.
If the number of partners of an LLP reduces to one at any time, the single partner can carry on the business of the LLP for six months. After six months, if the LLP still has only one partner and that partner carries on a business of the LLP, the single partner will be liable personally for the obligations of the LLP. The National Company Law Tribunal can also wind up the LLP when the number of partners of the LLP is reduced below two for more than six months.
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