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GSTR 3: Return Filing, Format, Eligibility & Rules

Updated on:  

08 min read

We have already discussed GSTR-1 which contains details of all sales and GSTR-2 which the details of purchases. Now we will discuss GSTR-3 which will contain the monthly summary of sales and purchases along with the tax liability.

Latest Updates

28th May 2021
The GST Council recommended in its 43rd meeting the following:
1) The much-awaited GST amnesty scheme was given a go-ahead. As per the announcement, those taxpayers who haven’t filed GSTR-3B for any earlier tax periods between July 2017 to April 2021 can file now between 1st June 2021 up to 31st August 2021 with a reduced maximum late fee as follows:
(a) Maximum late fee has been capped at a maximum of Rs 500 per return (i.e Rs. 250/- each for CGST & SGST) in case of nil GSTR-3B filing
(b) Maximum late fee is Rs 1000 per return ( i.e Rs. 500/- each for CGST & SGST) for other taxpayers
2) Late fee has been rationalised for future tax periods in case of GSTR-3B, as follows:
(a) In case of nil GSTR-3B filing, the maximum late fee charged shall be capped at Rs.500 per return (i.e Rs. 250/- each for CGST & SGST).
(b) In GSTR-1 and GSTR-3B other than nil filing, maximum late fee is fixed based on annual turnover slab, as follows:
(i) If the annual turnover in the previous financial year is upto Rs.1.5 crore then the late fee of maximum Rs 2,000 per return can only be charged (i.e Rs.1000 each for CGST and SGST).
(ii) If the turnover ranges between Rs.1.5 crore and Rs.5 crore then the maximum late fee of Rs.5,000 per return can only be charged (i.e Rs. 2500 each for CGST and SGST).
(iii) If the turnover is more than Rs.5 crore then late fee of maximum Rs.10,000 (i.e Rs. 5000 per CGST and SGST) can be charged.
3) Rule 36(4) of the CGST Rules will apply cumulatively from April to June 2021 while filing GSTR-3B for the tax period of June 2021. It means that one can provisionally claim ITC even if it does not appear in GSTR-2B in their GSTR-3B for April 2021 and May 2021.
4) Companies that are GST taxpayers have been given permission to authenticate returns using EVC instead of digital signature up to 31st August 2021.
5) The interest and late fee relief has been extended for a further period. Get the complete list in our article 43rd GST Council meeting Outcome.

1st May 2021
(1) The CGST Rule 36(4) restricting provisional ITC claims to 5% of GSTR-2B in GSTR-3B is relaxed for April 2021. The taxpayer can apply this rule cumulatively for both April and May while GSTR-3B for May 2021.

(2) The interest and late fee charged for late filing of GSTR-3B have been relaxed as follows:
(a) Turnover is more than Rs.5 crore in the preceding financial year and GSTR-3B is filed on a monthly basis, interest and late fee are relaxed/waived off for April and May 2021 (Due date: 20th May or 20th June) as follows:
Interest reduced to 9% for filing on or before 5th May (4th June), but charged at 18% thereafter. No late fee up to 5th May (4th June)

(b) Turnover is up to Rs.5 crore in the preceding financial year and GSTR-3B is filed on a monthly basis, interest and late fee are relaxed/waived off for April and May 2021 (Due date: 20th May or 20th June) as follows:
No interest for filing on or before 5th May (4th June), interest reduced to 9% for filing between 6th May (5th June) and 20th May (19th June), but charged at 18% thereafter. No late fee up to 20th May (19th June)

(c) Turnover is up to Rs.5 crore in the preceding financial year and GSTR-3B is filed on a quarterly basis, interest and late fee are relaxed/waived off for Jan-Mar 2021 (Due date: 22nd/24th April) as follows:
No interest for filing on or before 7th May (9th May), interest reduced to 9% between 8th May (10th May) and 21st May (23rd May), but charged at 18% thereafter. No late fee up to 21st May (23rd May)

31st December 2020
The due date of GSTR-3B has been revised after the introduction of the QRMP scheme for the period- January 2021 to March 2021, is as follows:

Aggregate turnover exceeding Rs.5 crore in the previous financial year:
(a) January 2021 – 20th February 2021
(b) February 2021 – 20th March 2021
(c) March 2021 – 20th April 2021

Aggregate turnover up to Rs.5 crore in the previous financial year:

(1) Not opting for the QRMP scheme:-
(a) January 2021 – 20th February 2021
(b) February 2021 – 20th March 2021
(c) March 2021 – 20th April 2021

(2) Opting for the QRMP scheme:-
(a) Jan-Mar 2021 –
(i) For category X** states/UT: 22nd April 2021*
(ii) For category Y** states/UT: 24th April 2021*

*Pay tax on a monthly basis by the 25th of the consequent month for the first two months of the quarter.

What is GSTR3?

GSTR-3 is a monthly return with the summarized details of sales, purchases, sales during the month along with the amount of GST liability. This return is auto-generated pulling information from GSTR-1 and GSTR-2.

Why is GSTR-3 important?

GSTR-3 will show the amount of GST liability for the month. The taxpayer must pay the tax and file the return.

What happens if GSTR-3 is not filed?

If GSTR-3 return is not filed then the GSTR-1 of the next month cannot be filed.  Hence, late filing of GST return will have a cascading effect leading to heavy fines and penalty.

What happens if GSTR-3 is filed late?

If you delay in filing, you will be liable to pay interest and a late fee.Interest is 18% per annum. It has to be calculated by the tax payer on the amount of outstanding tax to be paid. Time period will be from the next day of filing (16th of the month) to the date of payment. Late fee is Rs. 100 per day per Act. So it is 100 under CGST & 100 under SGST. Total will be Rs. 200/day. Maximum is Rs. 5,000.There is no late fee on IGST.

Who should file GSTR-3?

Every registered person is required to file GSTR-3 irrespective of whether there are any transactions during the month or not.However, these registered persons do not have to file GSTR-3–

How to revise GSTR-3?

GSTR-3 once filed cannot be revised. Any mistake made in the return can be revised in the next month’s GSTR-1 and GSTR-2 returns. Direct revision in GSTR-3 is not possible as GSTR-3 is auto-generated without provision for editing.

How will GSTR-3 and GSTR-3B be reconciled?

GSTR 3B is a simple return form introduced by the CBEC for the month of July and August 2017. GSTR-3 will also have to be filed for July & August 2017.On filing the GSTR 3, if actual liabilities are different from those declared in GSTR 3B, the system will update the (difference) between GSTR 3B and GSTR 3 automatically. In case, actual liabilities in GSTR-3 are higher than those declared and paid with GSTR-3B, you will have to pay the extra amount tax along with interest on the extra amount.

Note: GSTR-3 must be filed only after paying entire tax liability otherwise it will not be treated as valid return.If taxpayer has filed an invalid return and later on he wants to pay the remaining liability then he has to file the Part B of GSTR-3 again.

Details to be provided in GSTR-3

There are 15 headings in GSTR-3 format prescribed by the government.  We have explained each heading along with the details required to be reported under GSTR-3.

1. Provide GSTIN 

Provisional id can also be used as GSTIN if you do not have a GSTIN

2. Name of the Taxpayer

Name of the taxpayer including legal and trade name (will be auto-populated)

Month, Year – Mention the relevant month and year for which GSTR-3 is being filed.

There are 2 parts of GSTR-3. Part A is auto-populated from GSTR-1, GSTR-1A & GSTR-2 and Part B must be filled up manually.

PART A (entirely auto-populated)

3. Turnover

This heading will include total turnover of all types of supplies. Total turnover will be bifurcated between:

  • Taxable Turnover [other than zero rated]: This includes the normal sales to both registered and unregistered buyers.
  • Zero rated supply on payment of tax: This will include exports which are paid by paying IGST (later reclaimed as refund)
  • Zero rated supply without payment of tax: This will include exports which are paid with bond/LUT.
  • Deemed exports: These are items sold to SEZ (the goods do not actually leave the country)
  • Exempted: These are goods/services which do not attract GST.
  • Nil Rated: These are goods/services which attract 0% GST.
  • Non-GST supply: These are items like petrol, electricity which are outside the scope of GST.
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4. Outward supplies

This heading will contain summary of all your sales during the month. The information will be pulled automatically from your GSTR-1.

4.1 Inter-State supplies (Net Supply for the month)

This heading will contain all inter-state sales with the following details

A. Taxable supplies (other than reverse charge and zero-rated supply) [Tax Rate Wise]: Total sales except on those on which reverse charge applies and exports

B. Supplies attracting reverse charge-tax payable by recipient of supply: These are sales on which your buyer will pay GST under reverse charge

C. Zero rated supply made with payment of IGST: These are exports which are paid by paying IGST (later reclaimed as refund)

D. Out of the supplies mentioned at A, the value of supplies made though an e-commerce operator attracting TCS-[Rate wise]: This will contain the portion of sales made through e-commerce (point A has the total sales including e-commerce sales). GSTIN of e-commerce operator will also be displayed.Note:

  • Zero rated supplies made without payment of taxes, i.e., exports through bond/LUT will not be included.
  • Amendments of supplies originally made under reverse charge basis will not be included in Table 4.
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4.2 Intra-State supplies (Net supply for the month)

This is similar to above heading except that this will contain details of intra-state sales.

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4.3 Tax effect of amendments made in respect of outward supplies

This will contain the changes made to your sales invoice. If the amount is changed, the amount of ITC to claim also changes which impacts the tax payable to the government. It may result in excess or under payment. The information under this heading helps to keep track of invoices on which changes have been made and the impact of the change on the tax amount.

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Inward supplies attracting reverse charge including import of services (Net of advance adjustments)

This heading will contain your purchases during the month and supplies you received during this month. The information will be pulled automatically from your using the data that you have recorded under the GSTR-2.

5A. Inward supplies on which tax is payable on reverse charge basis:

This includes your purchases where reverse charge is applicable (you the buyer will pay GST). Both inter-state and intra-state sales appear here. Tax liability due to reverse charge is net of invoices, debit/credit notes, advances paid and adjustments of advances

5B. Tax effect of amendments in respect of supplies attracting reverse charge:

This will contain the changes made to your purchases which attract reverse charge. If the amount is changed, the amount of ITC also changes which changes the tax payable. It may result in excess or under payment. The information under this heading helps to keep track of invoices on which changes have been made and the impact of the change on the tax amount.

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6. Input tax credit

ITC on inward taxable supplies, including imports and ITC received from ISD [Net of debit notes/credit notes]

Part I

This heading will have a summary of ITC available to you during the month. ITC will be shown separately for:

  • Inputs– Your raw materials
  • Input Services– Such as consulting fees
  • Capital Goods– Such as laptop

ITC received from Input Service Distributor (ISD) will also be shown here. All ITC will be shown after adjusting debit/credit notes.

Part II

This part will contain changes made to earlier month’s details and their effect on ITC.

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7. Addition and reduction of amount in output tax for mismatch and other reasons

This heading will contain the mismatches in ITC and tax liability between the original returns and any changes filed during the current month. This information will be sourced from GSTR-2.

a. ITC claimed on mismatched or duplication of invoices or debit notes:  In case mismatch of invoices, there may be double claiming of ITC. The excess ITC claimed from duplicate purchase invoices will be reversed and added to the tax liability.

b. Tax liability on mismatched credit notes: Incorrect credit notes issued by you will also result in incorrect ITC. Extra ITC claimed due to mismatch will now be added to your tax liability.

c. Reclaim on rectification of mismatched invoices/Debit Notes: This is the opposite of point (a). In this case, mismatch has led to claiming lower ITC. You are entitled to more ITC and so the additional amount will be reduced from the output tax liability.

d. Reclaim on rectification of mismatch credit note: (Reduce): This is opposite to (b), i.e., lower ITC has been claimed and will work in the same way as (c).

e. Negative tax liability from previous tax periods: This is due to excess tax paid during the previous months and will be reduced from output tax liability of this month.

f. Tax paid on advance in earlier tax periods and adjusted with tax on supplies made in current tax period. This refers to tax paid along with advance payments in earlier months for supplies received during this month.

g. Input Tax credit reversal/reclaim: This refers to ITC being reversed or reclaimed due to any other reason.

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8. Total tax liability

This is the main portion as GST Portal will calculate your tax liability here under different tax heads of CGST, SGST & IGST It will show the following breakup:-

8A. On outward supplies: This is tax payable on your normal sales including inter-state sales.

8B. On inward supplies under reverse charge: This is the tax payable on purchases attracting reverse charge.

8C. On account of ITC reversal or reclaim: This is the additional tax payable/or reduction available due to ITC reversal or reclaim. The information flows from Table 11 of GSTR-2.

8D. On account of mismatch/ rectification /other reasons: This will include tax liability due to any other reason.

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9. Credit of TDS and TCS

This heading will contain the details of TDS and TCS paid by you. The amounts of TDS/TCS will be deducted from the total liability to arrive at net tax amount you must pay.

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10. Interest liability (Interest as on ..)

Interest is applicable on delay of payment. Interest is 18% per annum. It has to be calculated by the tax payer on the amount of outstanding tax to be paid. Time period will be from the next day of filing (20th of the month) to the date of payment.This heading shows the reason and the amount of interest applicable. Breakup into CGST, SGST, IGST & Cess will be given.

  • Output liability on mismatch: Your tax liability has increased due to change in sales invoice and you must pay interest on the increased amount
  • ITC claimed on mismatch invoice: Your tax liability has increased due to a change in purchase invoice and ITC was claimed on such invoice. You must pay interest on the increased amount.
  • On account of other ITC reversal: Your ITC claimed was reversed which has increased your tax liability and so interest is payable.
  • Undue excess claims or excess reduction [refer sec 50(3)]: You have claimed extra ITC and now you are required to pay interest
  • Credit of interest on rectification of mismatch: You had paid interest on mismatch and now the interest is reversed or credited back.
  • Interest liability carry forward: You had an interest liability which you have paid partly. The balance amount will be carried forward.
  • Delay in payment of tax: This is due to late payment/ late filing of return.
  • Total interest liability: Finally, it will show the total interest payable under CGST, SGST & IGST.
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11. Late Fee

A late fee is alco applicable along with interest on delayed return filing. Late fee is Rs. 100 per day. Maximum is Rs. 5,000.

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Note: There is no late fee for IGST.

Part B

This part will be filled up by the taxpayer. The Part A is shown automatically by the GST Portal

12. Tax payable and paid

You will fill up the appropriate columns with the appropriate amounts.For example, if you have a tax liability of Rs. 30,000 and ITC of Rs. 10,000, you can opt to pay Rs. 20,000 in cash (fill up col 3) and Rs. 10,000 through ITC (fill up the appropriate columns under 4,5,6.

Remember to follow the ITC claim rules.

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13. Interest, Late Fee and any other amount (other than tax) payable and paid

Here, you will fill in the amount payable and the amount paid under interest, late fee with the breakup of tax heads.Note: There is no late fee for IGST.

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14. Refund claimed from Electronic cash ledger

If it is found that the tax paid is higher than the actual amount then the difference will be refunded to you. Note:

  • Refund from cash ledger can only be claimed only when all return related liabilities for the month have been discharged.
  • Refund claimed Table 14 will result in a debit entry in electronic cash ledger on filing of valid GSTR 3.
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15. Debit entries in electronic cash/Credit ledger for tax/interest payment [to be populated after payment of tax and submissions of return]

This section will be automatically filled in when you pay taxes and submit your returns.

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Finally sign off with a declaration that all information has been supplied and is correct.

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To know more about the different types of returns, deadlines and the frequency of filing, read our article on GST Returns. File your GSTR-2 Returns using the ClearTax GST Software. You can now create GST compliant invoices for FREE on ClearTax BillBook.

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