Present Value of Future Money

What is Present Value?

Present value is the current value of the future sum of money, at a specified rate of return. The future cash flows would be discounted. The higher the discount rate, the lower is the present value of the future cash flows. The lower the discount rate, the higher would be the present value of future cash flows. You must determine the appropriate discount rate for valuing future cash flows.

The present value tells you if a sum of money today is worth more than the same amount in the future. The present value shows you that the money you receive in the future is not worth the money you receive today.

How does the present value work? Say, you receive Rs 10,000 today. It is worth more than Rs 10,000 received four years later. It is because you get an opportunity to earn interest on the amount. It could be 4%-6% or more depending on where you invest the money. If you get Rs 10,000 after four years, you lose out on the rate of return.

If you receive money today, you buy goods or avail services at today’s rates. Inflation that is the rise in the prices of goods and services makes things costly. In simple terms, inflation lowers the purchasing power of money. If you don’t invest money, inflation eats up its value.

What is the Present Value Calculator?

The present value calculator is a simulation that calculates the present value of a certain sum of money in the future. The present value is like compound interest in reverse. A present value calculator is a smart tool that helps you estimate the current amount needed to achieve a future financial goal.

The present value calculator consists of a formula box, where you enter the future amount, interest rate per year, or discount rate, and the number of years. The calculator will display the present value of the investment.

How does Present Value Calculators work?

The present value calculator calculates the present-day value (PV) of an amount that you receive in the future.

You must use the mathematical formula:

PV = C / (1+r)^n

PV = Present Value
C = Cash Flow at a period
n = number of period
r = rate of return

You have the concept of the time value of money, that shows you how money received today is worth more in the future. Let us suppose that you need Rs 1,00,000 precisely five years from today. You expect to earn 8% from an investment. The number of periods would be five.

C = Rs 1,00,000
n = 5
r = 8%

PV = 1,00,000 / (1+0.08)^5

PV = Rs 68,058.

How to use the ClearTax Present Value Calculators?

The ClearTax Present Value Calculator shows the present value of a fixed sum in the future. To use the ClearTax Present Value Calculator:

  • You must enter the future amount that you want.
  • Enter the interest rate per year also called the discount rate.
  • You then enter the number of year’s.
  • The ClearTax Present Value Calculator will show you the present value of the amount that you seek at a future date.

Benefits of ClearTax Present Value Calculator

  • The ClearTax Present Value Calculator helps you to assess the future benefits of investments.
  • It helps you choose the best investment according to your investment goals and risk profile.
  • It helps you select the best annuity plans.
  • You can gauge the cost of an investment.
  • It helps you determine the present value of retirement goals.

FAQs on ClearTax Present Value Calculator

  • How does the ClearTax Present Value Calculator calculate the present value of an investment?
    Well, you must enter the future value of an investment or an amount you seek at a later date. You also enter the interest rate or the discount rate. You enter the period in the number of years. The ClearTax Present Value Calculator will calculate the present value of the investment.
  • How does the ClearTax Present Value Calculator help you pick a good investment?
    The return on investment gets impacted by inflationary pressures, opportunity costs, and so on. All these factors affect your future returns. However, the actual equivalent amount of money in the future is never equal to a lump sum today. The ClearTax Present Value Calculator shows you the amount you must invest today, to reach a financial goal. It also helps you select the best investment to achieve financial goals.
  • Is ClearTax Present Value Calculator easy to use?
    Well, it’s a handy tool you may use from the comfort of your home. You can calculate the present value of future investments, and pick the right investment to achieve your financial goals.