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Form 15G, Form 15H to Save TDS on Interest Income

By Mohammed S Chokhawala

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Updated on: Jun 13th, 2024

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12 min read

What can you do to make sure the bank does not deduct TDS on interest if your total income is not taxable?

Banks have to deduct TDS when your interest income is more than Rs.40,000 in a year for individuals other than senior citizens (for senior citizens, the limit is Rs.50,000) under section 194A of the Income Tax Act. The bank aggregates the interest on deposits held in all its branches to calculate this limit.

However, if your total income is below the taxable limit, you can submit Form 15G and 15H to the bank and request them not to deduct any TDS.

What are Form 15G and Form 15H?

Form 15G and Form 15H are self-declaration forms that an individual submits to the bank requesting not to deduct TDS on interest income as their income is below the basic exemption limit. 

For this, providing PAN is compulsory. Some banks allow you to submit these forms online through the bank’s website.

FORM 15GFORM 15H
Resident Individual or HUF or trust or any other assessee but not a company or a firm with age less than 60 yearsResident individual aged 60 years or more i.e. Senior citizen.
Tax calculated on your total income is NilTax calculated on your Total Income is Nil
The total interest income subject for the year is less than the basic exemption limit of that year, which is Rs.2.5 lakhs(old regime) or Rs.3 lakhs(new regime)  for financial year 2023-24 (AY 2024-25) 
Please note that benefits of Form 15G and 15H cannot be claimed by Non-residents.

Example to understand who can submit Form 15G and form 15H

Age50 years21 years65 years68 years
SalaryRs. 1,80,000
PensionRs. 1,00,000
FD interest incomeRs. 85,000Rs. 2,60,000Rs. 1,80,000Rs. 3,30,000
Total income before   
Section 80 deductions
Rs. 2,65,000Rs. 2,60,000Rs. 2,80,000Rs. 3,30,000
Deductions under   
Section 80
Rs. 45,000Rs. 30,000Rs. 10,000Rs. 55,000
Taxable incomeRs. 2,20,000Rs. 2,30,000Rs. 2,70,000Rs. 2,75,000
Minimum exempt   
income
Rs. 2,50,000Rs. 2,50,000Rs. 3,00,000Rs. 3,00,000
Ageless than 60 yearsless than 60 yearsmore than 60 yearmore than 60 year
Tax on total income is NilYesYesYesYes
Interest income is less than basic exemption limitYesNoN.A.N.A.
Eligible to submit   
Form 15G/15H
Form 15GCannot SubmitForm 15HForm 15H

Important points for understanding above example:

  • Form 15G and 15H are applicable only for ‘residents’, hence a non-resident cannot take the benefit of these forms.
  • The citizen of 21 years of age cannot submit Form 15G even though the tax on total income is Nil because his interest income is more than the basic exemption limit.
  • A senior citizen of age 68 years in above example can submit form 15H as his tax liability is Nil.
  • Condition of interest income being more than the basic exemption limit is applicable for form 15G only and not for form 15H. Form 15H can be submitted by senior citizens even if the interest income is more than basic tax exemption limit , provided that the taxable income (after deductions) is below the exemption limit.

Form 15G sample

Form 15G

Form 15H sample

Form 15H

When Should you Submit Form 15G and Form 15H?

Form 15G and Form 15H are valid for one financial year. So, please submit these forms every year at the beginning of the financial year. This will ensure that the bank does not deduct any TDS on your interest income. 

Check your total tax payable with the help of our Calculator

Forgot to Submit Form 15G or Form 15H?

A lot of taxpayers forget to submit Form 15G and Form 15H on time. In such a situation, the bank might have already deducted the TDS. Based on your situation, you can do any of the following.

  • File your income tax return to claim refund of TDS: The only way to seek refund of excess TDS deducted is by filing your income tax return. Banks or other deductors cannot refund TDS to you, since they have already deposited it to the income tax department. Income tax department will refund excess TDS, after you file an income tax return.
  • Submit Form 15G and Form 15H immediately: Most banks deduct TDS every quarter. If you forget to submit Form 15G or Form 15H, don’t worry. Submit it at the earliest so that no TDS is deducted for the remaining financial year. To claim refund of excess TDS deducted, start filing your return on ClearTax.

Where Can you Submit Form 15G or Form 15H apart from Banks?

While these forms can be submitted to banks to make sure TDS is not deducted on interest, there are a few other places too where you can submit them.

TDS on EPF withdrawal

TDS is deducted on EPF balance if withdrawn before 5 years of continuous service. 

If you have had less than 5 years of service and plan to withdraw your EPF balance of more than Rs.50,000 , you can submit Form 15G or Form15H. However, you must fulfil conditions (listed above) to apply for these forms. It means the tax on your total income including EPF balance withdrawn should be nil.  

TDS on income from corporate bonds

If you hold corporate bonds, TDS is deducted on them if your income from them exceeds Rs 5,000. You can submit Form 15G or Form 15H to the issuer requesting non-deduction of TDS.  

LIC maturity proceeds

With effect from October 2014, if the amount received from a policy exceeds Rs 1 lakh and if the maturity proceeds are taxable, 1% TDS shall be deducted by the insurer before paying.

From 1st September 2019, TDS is 5% on the amount of income comprising the proceeds paid or payable upon maturity. 

In case of failure to submit PAN details of the deductee to the LIC companies, TDS to be deducted at the rate of 20%.

You can submit Form 15G/Form 15H to request that no TDS be deducted since tax on your total income is nil. 

TDS on post office deposits

Post offices that are digitised also deduct TDS and accept Form 15G or Form 15H, if you meet the conditions applicable for submitting them.   

TDS on rent

TDS is deducted on rent exceeding Rs 2.4 lakh annually. If tax on your total income is nil, you can submit Form 15G or Form 15H to request the tenant to not deduct TDS (applicable from 1 April 2019).

TDS on Insurance Commission

TDS is deducted on insurance commission, if it exceeds Rs 15000 per financial year. However, insurance agents can submit Form 15G/Form 15H for non deduction of TDS if tax on their total income is nil.

TDS on Dividends

If the dividend income exceeds Rs. 5000, then TDS is required to be deducted.Form-15G/Form-15H can be submitted for non/lower deduction of TDS.

Important Information for Deductors

If you are a TDS deductor, the Income-tax Act requires you to allot a Unique Identification Number or UIN to everyone who submits the Form 15G/Form 15H. You must file a statement of Form 15G/Form 15H on a quarterly basis and must retain these forms for 7 years.   

How to fill Form 15G?

  • Name of Assesse (Declarant) – Enter your name as per income tax records & PAN number as per your PAN card,
  • Status – Input whether you are an individual or HUF
  • Previous Year –Input the current financial year for which you are filing up the form
  • Residential Status – this form can only be filled by residents. Check your residential status here
  • Fill in Address details along with PIN code, email, and telephone number.
  • Whether assessed to tax under the income tax act, 1961? – If your income was above the taxable limit in any of the past 6 years, answer this question with ‘yes”.
  • If yes, the latest assessment year for which assessed – mention the latest year in which your income was above the taxable limit.
  • Estimated income for which declaration is made – fill sum of interest or other income on which TDS should not be deducted.
  • Estimated total income of the previous year in which income mentioned in column 16 to be included – Calculate your total income from all sources, salary, stipend, interest income, any other income that you have earned during the year. Include the income mentioned in 16, above
  • Details of Form 15G other than this form filed during the previous year, if any;- please mention the total number of Form 15G filed for that particular year.
  • Also, fill the aggregate amount of income for which form 15G filed – Also provide the total income for which Form 15G was filed
  • Fill details of income for which declaration is filed; Identification number of relevant investment/account etc, nature of income, Section under which tax is deductible, Amount of income – Provide fixed deposit account number, recurring deposit details, details of NSCs, life insurance policy number etc. (many of these are chargeable to tax under section 56 of the income tax act)
  • Signatures – mention your capacity when signing on behalf of a HUF or AOP

Do not submit the form if such income has to be Clubbed with the income of another person

Do not submit Form 15G, if your income has to clubbed with someone else. Interest income from an FD for a non-earning spouse or a child has to be clubbed with the income of the depositor. In such a case Form 15G is not valid. PAN of the depositor is mandatory and TDS should be deducted in the name of the depositor.

Download Form 15G/15H

Click here to go to link for ‘Fillable Form 15G/ 15H 

Related Articles:
How to Download and Fill Form 15G For PF Withdrawal?
How To File e-Form 15CA and 15CB? 

Frequently Asked Questions

What is Form 15G used for?

Form 15G is required to be submitted as a self-declaration by individuals who are below the age of 60 years that their income is below the taxable threshold, and so no TDS should be deducted for the income credited to their account.

How to fill form 15G for SBI bank?

Follow below mentioned steps:

  • Account holder to login internet banking www.onlinesbi.com.
  • Under “e-services” select > Submit form 15G/H option as applicable to you.
  • Select 15G if you are below 60 years and 15H if above 60 years.
  • Select the CIF number and click on submit.
  • This will open a pre-filled form with some of your details, please fill in the missing details. 
  • Click on generate OTP and authenticate by inputting OTP received on your registered mobile number.
How to fill Form 15G for PF withdrawal?

The EPFO portal has launched online submission of form 15G for submitting EPF withdrawal claims. However, you can also fill out and submit a physical copy to the EPFO regional office for non-deduction of TDS.   

For online submission, login to EPFO UAN unified portal, Click on Online services > Online Claim, fill in the requisite details, and verify the last 4 digits of the phone number, EPF withdrawal form will be visible.  

You can upload Form 15G on the screen or download it from here. Fill out Part 1 of the form and convert it into a PDF. Then, upload the PDF copy of the form while making an online claim.

Where to submit form 15G?

Form 15g can be submitted at below mentioned places for non-deduction of TDS

  • Banks
  • EPFO at the time of premature withdrawal of PF.
  • Corporate bond issuing companies
  • To Insurance companies by insurance agents
  • Post office for deposits.
How to submit form 15H online?

Please log on to the internet banking portal of your bank, you can download form 15H from here. Fill in the details of the form and upload the same on internet banking.

Do I need to submit Form 15G/Form 15H at all the branches of the bank?

Yes, you must submit one at each branch of the bank from which you receive interest income. TDS is deducted only when the total interest earned from all branches exceeds Rs 40,000.

Will my interest income become tax-free if I submit Form 15G/Form 15H?

Interest income from fixed deposits and recurring deposits is taxable. For senior citizens deduction of Rs.50,000 is available under section 80TTB for the interest income from fixed deposits/post office deposits/deposits held in a co-operative society. You should submit this form only if the tax on your total income is zero along with other conditions.

I submitted Form 15G and Form 15H, but I have taxable income?

You must intimate to your bank that tax on your total income is not zero. The bank will make changes and deduct TDS accordingly. Do report the entire interest income in your tax return and pay tax on it as applicable.

Do I have to submit form 15G/15H to the income tax department?

No, you don’t need to submit these forms directly to the income tax department. Just submit them to the deductor.

I am an NRI. Do I need to submit Form 15G or 15H?

No, NRIs can't fill these forms. Only a resident of India is eligible to fill Forms 15G or 15H. 

What is the Penalty for Wrong Declaration?

Any wrong declarations made shall attract prosecution and fine under section 277 of the Income Tax Act 1961. In case the tax sought to be evaded exceeds Rs 25 lakhs imprisonment term shall not be less than six months but may extend to 7 years and fine. In other cases, imprisonment ranges from 3 months to 2 years with a fine.

Are Forms 15G or Form 15H an alternative to ITR?

No, the forms are not an alternative to filing your Income Tax Return. Even if you disclose your income in these forms, you need to comply with the filing requirements of the IT return separately.

What is Form 15H used for?

Form 15H is required to be submitted as a self-declaration by individuals who are of 60 years and above and their income is below the taxable threshold, and so no TDS should be deducted for the income credited to their account.

About the Author

I'm a chartered accountant, well-versed in the ins and outs of income tax, GST, and keeping the books balanced. Numbers are my thing, I can sift through financial statements and tax codes with the best of them. But there's another side to me – a side that thrives on words, not figures. Read more

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Quick Summary

To avoid TDS if income isn't taxable, submit Form 15G or 15H to the bank. These self-declaration forms are valid for one financial year and can prevent TDS deductions if your income is below the exemption limit. They can be submitted online and are not applicable for non-residents. Key points include conditions for eligibility and how to fill out these forms.

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