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Section 80EEB of Income Tax Act: Electric Vehicle Tax Exemption, Benefits and Deduction

Updated on: Jul 1st, 2024

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2 min read

Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman made the statement during the presentation of the Union Budget 2023, making electric cars (EVs) more affordable in India by extending battery subsidies for another year.

Green Growth is one of the top seven priorities of the Union Budget 2023. The Pro-EV budget prioritises critical initiatives such as lowering the customs duty on lithium batteries from 21% to 13% and continuing EV battery subsidies for another year. These are great steps since they will help to create demand.

What is Section 80EEB?

Section 80EEB of the Income Tax Act allows you to claim tax savings of up to Rs.1.5 lakh on interest paid on a loan made specifically to purchase an electric car. However, certain restrictions and conditions concerning the loan issuer and the electric vehicle must be followed in order to claim the 80EEB deduction.

You can claim tax deduction benefits only if the loan is approved between 1 January 2019 and 31 March 2023.

Features of Section 80EEB

Eligibility Criteria

The deduction under this section is available only to individuals opting to pay taxes under the old tax regime. It is not available to any other taxpayer. Thus, if you are a HUF, AOP, Partnership firm, company, or any other kind of taxpayer, you cannot claim any benefit under this section.

Amount of Deduction

A deduction for interest payments up to Rs.1,50,000 is available under Section 80EEB. An individual taxpayer may have an electric vehicle for personal use or for business use. This deduction would facilitate individuals having an electric vehicle for personal use to claim the interest paid on the vehicle loan.  

In case of business use, an individual can also claim a deduction of up to Rs.1,50,000 under section 80EEB. Any interest payments above Rs.1,50,000 can be claimed as a business expense. To claim as a business expense, it is necessary that the vehicle should be registered in the name of the owner or the business enterprise.  

Do note that an individual taxpayer should obtain the interest-paid certificate and keep the necessary documents, such as tax invoices and loan documents, handy at the time of filing the return.

Conditions for Claiming the Deduction

  • The loan must be taken from a financial institution or a non-banking financial company for buying an electric vehicle.
  • The loan must be sanctioned anytime during the period starting from 1 April 2019 till 31 March 2023.
  • “Electric vehicle” has been defined to mean a vehicle which is powered exclusively by an electric motor whose traction energy is supplied exclusively by a traction battery installed in the vehicle and has such electric regenerative braking system, which during braking provides for the conversion of vehicle kinetic energy into electrical energy.

Promotion of Electric Vehicle Mobility Solution

The union cabinet has approved Phase-II of the FAME scheme to promote electric mobility in the country. The FAME (Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Electric Vehicles) is an incentive scheme of the government of India to promote electric and hybrid vehicles in the country.  

The scheme's ultimate objective is to promote electric mobility. It offers financial incentives for the purchase of electric vehicles and the creation of electric transportation and charging infrastructure.  

Under the scheme, incentives are available for 3-wheelers, 4-wheelers and electric 2-wheelers. The Phase II of the scheme started on 1 April 2019 and will be completed by 31 March 2022. Phase II is an expanded version of the first phase. FAME India Phase II has a total outlay of Rs.10,000 crores over a period of 3 years from 1 April 2019 to 31 March 2022.

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Frequently Asked Questions

If I have taken a loan on an electric- 2-wheeler and an electric-wheeler during 2021-22, can I claim a deduction for interest on both?

There is no limit on the number of vehicles eligible for deduction under this section. However, the deduction for the interest paid on the loan of both vehicles should not exceed Rs.1,50,000. It is pertinent to note that you should be opting for the old tax regime to avail of such a deduction. 

Does interest in vehicles other than an electric vehicle get any tax benefits under the Income Tax Act, 1961 if one is a salaried employee?

No, only the interest paid on the loan made for the purchase of an electric vehicle gets the benefit of deduction under section 80EEB up to a maximum of Rs. 1,50,000 under the old tax regime.

Can i take Section 80EEB deduction if i opt for new tax regime?

No. Interest paid on the loan made for the purchase of an electric vehicle under Sec 80EEB can be claimed only under the old tax regime.

Who is eligible to claim deduction under Section 80EEB?

Only individuals are eligible to claim deduction under Section 80EEB.Thus, if you are a HUF, AOP, Partnership firm, company, or any other kind of taxpayer, you cannot claim any benefit under this section.

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