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Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY) – Eligibility, Tax Benefits & Rules

Updated on:  

08 min read

As part of the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Campaign, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched a scheme called ‘Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY)’, the campaign literally translates to ‘Girl Child Prosperity Scheme’ in line with the above objectives.

In order to majorly address the issue of the declining child sex ratio in our country, the Government of India launched a social campaign on  January 22, 2015. The Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) campaign sends the message ‘Save girls, educate the girl child’. This is a national initiative jointly run by the Ministry of Women and Child Development, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, and the Ministry of Human Resource Development.

BBBP aims at achieving the following:

  • To stop gender discrimination of children and abolish the practice of sex determination.
  • To ensure the survival and protection of girls.
  • To ensure higher participation of girls in education and other areas.

What is the Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY)?

SSY aims at tackling a  major problem associated with the girl child – education and marriage. It is focused on securing a bright future for the girl child in India by facilitating the parents of a girl child in building a fund for the proper education and a carefree marriage expenses of their child. SSY has introduced the Sukanya Samriddhi Account for this very purpose.

What are its rules?

ParticularsProvisions as per the SSY Rules 2016
Who would be the beneficiary of the SSY accountAny girl child who is a resident Indian, from the time of opening the account, till the time of maturity/closure
Who can open the account?Parents or legal guardian of a girl child who has not attained the age of 10 years, can open the account
Who can deposit and operate the account? Either the guardian or the girl child (if she has attained the age of 10 years) may deposit the amount and operate the account

The account shall be mandatorily operated by the girl child after she attains the age of 18 years.
Number of accounts Only one account per girl child

Accounts can be opened for a Maximum of two girl children in one family, (including adopted children)

Accounts for more than two girl children are allowed in case of more than two girls being born in the first order of birth, or in a scenario of one girl child in the first order of birth, and twins or more than twins in the second order of birth
Where can an SSA account be opened?In any post office or authorized branch of commercial banks
Documents required to open the Account Birth certificate of the girl child

Identity and residential proof of the guardian

Medical certificate for proof of birth of multiple girl children on a single order of birth

Any other documents as required by the post office or banks
When can an SSA account be opened?Any time between the birth of the girl child till the time she attains the age of 10 years
Deposit threshold and tenure Minimum of Rs 250 (this amount was previously Rs 1,000), and a maximum of Rs 1,50,000 in every financial year, up to 15 years

Multiples of Rs 100, subject to the above cap
Mode of DepositThrough cash, cheque, demand draft or online transfer
Interest on deposits The rate of interest for the 2nd quarter of FY 2021-2022 i.e. 1 July 2021 to 30 September 2021 is 7.6% p.a.

The entire deposit in ‘Account under default’ (where a minimum amount of Rs 250 has not been deposited), which is not regularised within the prescribed time, would earn interest on the post savings bank account; except if the default is due to the death of the guardian who opened the Account

No interest is payable after the completion of tenure of the SSY, i.e after 21 years from account opening

No interest accrues after the girl child becomes a non-citizen or a non-resident of India
Consequences of excess or short deposit Excess –  Any deposit above the maximum cap will not earn any interest and can be withdrawn anytime by the depositor

Shortage – Account shall be considered as ‘Account under default’ if no minimum deposit is made in a financial year, and can be regularised within 15 years of Account opening on payment of a penalty of Rs 50 per default year
Tenure of SSA21 years from the account opening date
Rules pertaining to the closure of SSAClosure on maturity
Account matures after completion of tenure of 21 years and the balance in the SSA, including interest, is paid to the child on submitting an application and proof of identity, residence, and citizenship documents

Premature Closure Allowed only in the following situations:
Reasons of intended marriage after a girl child attains the age of 18 years, an application can be submitted between one month prior to marriage and 3 months after marriage along with her age proof documents

Death of the girl child on the production of the death certificate the balance in the SSA will be paid to the guardian

Deemed closure in case of a change in the status of girl child i.e., girl child either becomes a non-resident or a non-citizen of India. Such a status change shall be communicated by the girl child or her guardian within one month of the status change

After completion of 5 years from the opening of an SSA, if the post office or Bank is satisfied that the operation or the continuation of the SSA is causing undue hardship to the girl child (such as the death of the guardian, medical reasons of the girl child), the girl child or guardian may order for premature closure

For any other reasons, if the SSA is to be closed anytime after the opening of this account, it will be permitted, but the entire deposit would only earn an interest rate applicable to post office savings bank
Withdrawal This is allowed for purposes of higher education if the girl child has either attained 18 years or completed 10th standard of school, for meeting the actual fee or other charges required at the time of admission

Documentary proof by way of a confirmed offer of admission in an educational institution, or a fee slip shall accompany the application for withdrawal

Withdrawal has a maximum cap of 50% of the balance in the SSA at the end of the preceding financial year. This can be made in either one lump sum or in 5 installments 
Transfer of balance of the SSABalance in the SSA can be transferred anywhere in India – from or to post offices, from or to banks, and between post offices and banks free of cost. This can be done upon furnishing of proof of change of residence of either the guardian or the girl child. Under any other circumstance, such a transfer can be made by paying a fee of Rs 100.

Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana interest rate

  • The rate of interest for the 2nd quarter of FY 2021-2022, i.e. 1 July 2021 to 30 September 2021, has been kept unchanged at 7.6%.
  • The rate of interest for the 1st quarter of FY 2021-2022 i.e. 1 April 2021 to 30 June 2021 was 7.6%.
  • The entire deposit in ‘Account under default’ (where a minimum amount of Rs 250 has not been deposited), which is not regularised within the prescribed time, would earn interest on the post savings bank account; except if the default is due to the death of the guardian who opened the Account.

What are the tax benefits provided to SSY?

In order to encourage investments in SSY, the SSA has also been provided with certain tax benefits:

  • Investments made in the SSY scheme are eligible for deductions under Section 80C, subject to a maximum cap of Rs 1.5 lakh
  • The interest that accrues against this account which gets compounded annually is also exempt from tax
  • . The proceeds received upon maturity/withdrawal are also exempt from income tax

How to open a Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana Account?

You can open a Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY) account with a participating bank or a Post Office branch. You need to follow the below procedure to open the account.

  1. Visit the bank or Post Office branch where you would like to open the account.
  2. Fill up the application form with relevant details and provide supporting documents.
  3. Pay the first deposit in the form of cash, cheque, or demand draft. The amount can be anything from Rs.250 up to Rs.1.5 lakh.
  4. The bank or Post Office will process your application and payment.
  5. Upon processing, your SSY account will be opened. A passbook will be issued for this account marking the initiation of the account.

Which ministry handles the Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana?

Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana comes under the Ministry of Women and Child Development.

Which section covers the tax deduction for sukanya samriddhi yojana contributions?

Contributions made towards Sukanya Samridhhi Yojana can be considered for income tax deduction under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

How to fill the Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana form for the Post Office?

Here is how the Post Office account opening form looks like:

postoofice

In order to fill the form, you can follow these steps:

  1. Enter the Post Office branch name.
  2. If you already have a savings account with the Post Office, mention the corresponding account number.
  3. Under ‘To The Postmaster’, mention the Post Office branch and postal address details.
  4. Paste the applicant(s) photograph to the right.
  5. Next to ‘I/We’, mention the applicant’s name and in the following space, mention Sukanya Samridddhi Yojana.
  6. Skip the content in the box as it is applicable only for opening PO savings accounts.
  7. Under ‘Account Holder Type’, tick the relevant type of account. Seek the Post Office personnel’s help to determine this.
  8. The same goes for the ‘Account Type’ field.
  9. Further, mention the amount you are going to deposit to the SSY account once it is created. Write the amount in both figure and words.
  10. Tick the mode of payment, whether cash, cheque or DD. In the case of a cheque or DD, write down the number and date mentioned on it.
  11. Enter the details, such as the name of the applicant, gender, Aadhaar number, PAN, address, and others enquired for in the table.
  12. The applicant(s) should make signatures at the end of Page 1 to authorise all the information written so far.
  13. In Page 2 section (5), mention details if you would like to set standing instructions to pay for the SSY account.
  14. Check the square box next to SSA to state that no other SSY accounts have been opened under the name of the depositor.
  15. Next, add the date and make the signature.
  16. Fill in the nomination details.
  17. Get the signature of two witnesses if the applicant is illiterate.
  18. Further, add the date, place, and signature at the end of the nomination section.

How to apply for sukanya samriddhi yojana online?

As of now, there is no way you can apply for or open a Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana account online.

Where to open an account under sukanya samriddhi yojana?

You can open a Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana account either with a participating bank or a Post Office branch. The participating banks are:

  • State Bank of India
  • Allahabad Bank
  • Andhra Bank
  • Punjab and Sind Bank
  • Bank of Baroda
  • Canara Bank
  • Bank of India
  • Bank of Maharashtra
  • Corporation Bank
  • Central Bank of India
  • Indian Overseas Bank
  • Dena Bank
  • Indian Bank
  • UCO Bank
  • Syndicate Bank
  • United Bank of India
  • Punjab National Bank
  • Union Bank of India
  • Oriental Bank of Commerce
  • IDBI Bank
  • Vijaya Bank
  • Axis Bank
  • ICICI Bank

How to pay for sukanya samriddhi yojana online?

You have to download the IPPB app on your smartphone to make online payments towards your SSY account. Through this app, you can set standing instructions so that a specified amount will be transferred online to your SSY account. Here is the step-by-step procedure:

Step 1: Transfer money from your bank account to the IPPB account.

Step 2: On the IPPB app, go to DOP Products and choose the Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana account.

Step 3: Enter your SSY account number and the DOP customer ID.

Step 4: Choose the amount you would like to pay and the instalment duration.

Step 5: IPPB will notify you of the success of setting up the payment routine.

Step 6: Each time the app makes the money transfer, you will be notified of the same.

When was sukanya samriddhi yojana launched?

Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 22 January 2015 in Panipat, Haryana.

Which bank is the best to open a sukanya samriddhi yojana account?

You can open an SSY account at any of the participating banks. It is more convenient for you to open the SSY account with the bank where you already hold a savings account if it is one of the participating banks. The participating banks are:

  • State Bank of India
  • Allahabad Bank
  • Andhra Bank
  • Punjab and Sind Bank
  • Bank of Baroda
  • Canara Bank
  • Bank of India
  • Bank of Maharashtra
  • Corporation Bank
  • Central Bank of India
  • Indian Overseas Bank
  • Dena Bank
  • Indian Bank
  • UCO Bank
  • Syndicate Bank
  • United Bank of India
  • Punjab National Bank
  • Union Bank of India
  • Oriental Bank of Commerce
  • IDBI Bank
  • Vijaya Bank
  • Axis Bank
  • ICICI Bank

How to submit proof for sukanya samriddhi yojana?

You have to walk down to the Post Office or a bank branch where you have submitted the SSY application to submit the documents and proofs. You need to submit a physical copy of the following documents:

  • Birth certificate of the girl child
  • Identity and address proof of the guardian
  • In the case of birth multiple girl children in a single order of birth, medical certificate for proof on the same
  • Any other documents as required by the post office or banks

How to calculate sukanya samriddhi yojana interest?

The interest for the SSY account is calculated on the lowest balance for the calendar month, i.e. between the fifth day of the month and the end of the month. The interest will be credited once, at the end of each financial year.

Generally, you can use the below formula to calculate the interest earned on an SSY account:
A = P(1+r/n)^nt
Here
P = Initial Deposit
r = Rate of interest
n = Number of years the interest compounds
t = Number of years
A = Amount at maturity

Since the interest accrued on an SSY account is compounded on a yearly basis, it may not be a simple task to manually calculate the interest. Instead, you can use our Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana Calculator to arrive at the maturity amount upon entering the details, such as probable investment amount per year, the age of the girl child, and the account commencement year.

What is the frequency of investment allowed under sukanya samriddhi yojana?

You can deposit money in an SSY account either once per financial year or in smaller, regular instalments. However, you need to make a minimum payment of Rs.250 per financial year to keep the account active and running and follow this criterion for a minimum payment period of 15 years.

If you choose to make deposits in instalments, the interval between the instalments can be anything as per your convenience. There is no restriction on the number of deposits you can make in a month or in a financial year.

How to claim/withdraw sukanya samriddhi yojana?

You must submit the duly filled withdrawal form along with the SSY account passbook to the bank or Post Office branch where the account is maintained.

In order to claim or withdraw prematurely, you need to satisfy some conditions, such as for marriage expenses or for the higher education of the girl child.

Upon maturity of the account, the amount will be paid to the girl child holding the account.

In another case, you may prematurely close the account and claim the deposit amount only after completing five years of account opening, for the following reasons:

  • On the death of the account holder.
  • A life-threatening disease of a/c holder.
  • Death of the guardian who operated the account.

 

How many accounts opened in sukanya samriddhi yojana?

Only one account can be opened per girl child, either in Post Office or in any bank. This account can be opened for a maximum of two girl children in a family. Only in the case of twins or triplets girls’ birth, more than two accounts can be opened in a family.

Who can withdraw money from sukanya samriddhi yojana?

Only the girl child, in whose name the account is opened, can withdraw the money from her SSY account upon maturity. The guardian can withdraw the money if the girl child has not attained the age of 18 years.

How to open sukanya samriddhi yojana in the post office?

  1. Visit the nearest Post Office branch.
  2. Fill up the application form with relevant information.
  3. Attach the supporting documents and proofs along with the application form.
  4. Pay the initial deposit as cash, cheque, or demand draft.
  5. The Post Office will process your application and payment. Once your SSY account is opened a passbook will be issued.

How much should I invest in sukanya samriddhi yojana?

You can invest any amount from Rs.250 up to Rs.1.5 lakh per financial year in the SSY account.

What is the age limit for sukanya samriddhi yojana?

The SSY account must be opened from the time of girl childbirth but before the girl child attains the age of 10 years.

How to transfer sukanya samriddhi yojana?

In order to transfer SSY account from Post Office (PO) to a bank, follow these instructions:

  1. Visit the PO branch where the account is held. The girl child need not visit the PO branch as the guardian can complete the process.
  2. Inform the PO executive about your intent to transfer the SSY account.
  3. Submit the duly filled account transfer form, the passbook, and KYC documents. The executive will discontinue the account on your request.
  4. Now, visit the bank branch where you would like to maintain the SSY account.
  5. Submit the self-attested KYC documents and any other paperwork provided to you by the PO executive while requesting to maintain the account with them.
  6. Once the bank executive processes your request, a new passbook will be provided.

What is the duration of the sukanya samriddhi yojana account?

The payment period for SSY accounts is 15 years, while the maturity period of the account is a minimum of 21 years.

Which is better? PPF or sukanya samriddhi yojana?

PPF is a government-backed retirement saving scheme whereas, SSY is a government-backed small savings scheme dedicated to girl child development. Both accounts provide tax benefits. While a PPF account can be opened by anybody, an SSY account can only be opened in the name of a girl child before she attains the age of 10 years. PPF balance can be liquidated to a certain extent, while the same may not be true for the SSY account.

Both schemes are designed for different purposes and therefore, picking a better option between the two schemes is tough. Here is a table that gives a comparative picture of both schemes.

Parameters Public Provident Fund (PPF) Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY)
Minimum Deposit per Financial Year Rs.500 Rs.250
Maximum Deposit per Financial Year Rs.1.5 lakh Rs.1.5 lakh
Eligibility Criteria Any single adult who is a resident Indian Girl child below the age of 10 years
Maturity Period 15 years 21 years
Payment Period 15 years 15 years
Interest Rate 7.1% p.a. (Q2 of FY 2021-22); Compounded yearly 7.6% p.a. (Q2 of FY 2021-22); Compounded yearly
Tax Benefits EEE benefit EEE benefit
Premature Withdrawal Upon completing five financial years Upon the girl child attaining 18 years

What are the benefits of sukanya samriddhi yojana?

  • Affordable Payments: The minimum deposit required to maintain an SSY account is Rs.250 per fiscal year. You can make deposits as per your convenience up to Rs.1.5 lakh per fiscal year. The payments seem very affordable for people from all sections of the society.
    Even if you happen to miss out paying for a year, a penal charge of Rs.50 will be levied on the missed minimum payment of Rs.250 but the account will be continued.
  • Educational Expenses Covered: You can withdraw 50% of the account balance as of the previous financial year end to meet the educational expenses of your girl child. This can be availed on submitting the proof of admission.
  • Tax Benefits: You can claim tax benefits on the deposits you make towards the account, i.e. up to Rs.1.5 lakh per fiscal year under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act, 1961. The interest earned through this account is exempt from tax. Also, the maturity amount is also tax-exempt.
  • Attractive Interest Rates: The interest rate applicable to SSY accounts has always been high as compared to other government-backed schemes. Currently, the rate is at 7.6% p.a.

How much amount will I get in sukanya samriddhi yojana?

The maturity amount of an SSY account depends on the contributions you make every year. Further, you can prematurely withdraw 50% of the deposit amount once the girl child attains 18 years of age either for educational purpose or for marriage expenses.

How to check sukanya samriddhi yojana account balance?

A passbook will be issued upon opening the SSY account with a bank or Post Office. You can visit the bank or PO branch where the account is held and get the updated information regarding the account balance printed on the passbook.

How to download the sukanya samriddhi yojana statement?

Not all banks allow you to access SSY account details online. Check if the bank your account is held with provides this service. If it does, request the bank executive to provide login ID and password to access your SSY account online.

  1. Log into the bank’s internet banking portal using the credentials given by the bank executive.
  2. On the homepage/dashboard, the account balance will be displayed.

What is the minimum amount required to open an account under sukanya samriddhi yojana?

The minimum amount required to open an account under SSY scheme is Rs.250.

Which is better? LIC or sukanya samriddhi yojana?

Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) is known for providing life insurance products to its customers. One of its products, LIC Kanyadan, is comparable with the benefits offered by SSY. Both the schemes offer financial protection for girl children and look to cover education and marriage expenses for them.

One thing to note here is that an SSY account can only be accessed by the girl child once she attains 18 years of age, while LIC Kanyadan does not provide access to the girl child at all until the father’s death.

Here are a few more differences between the LIC Kanyadan scheme and SSY.

Parameters LIC Kanyadan Scheme SSY
Account/Policy Ownership Policy is to be purchased in the name of the father of the girl child Account is to be opened in the name of the girl child, maintained by the guardian until she reaches 18 years of age
Eligible Nationality Any father of a girl child Resident Indians only
Age Eligibility Father: 18 years to 50 years Daughter: minimum of 1 year Before the girl child attains 10 years of age
Loan Facility Can be availed after making premium payments for three consecutive years Not available
Premium/Deposit Limit No maximum limit Minimum Rs.250 up to Rs.1.5 lakh per fiscal year
Maturity Amount Minimum Rs.1 lakh with no maximum limit Based on the deposits made

Who introduced sukanya samriddhi yojana?

Prime Minister Narendra Modi introduced Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is the maturity amount on withdrawal from the SSY account taxable ?

No, the maturity amount from the SSY account is not taxable, its exempt from tax.

What is the maximum amount of deduction for SSY account deposits ? How to claim deduction ?

You can claim deduction under section 80C upto a maximum of Rs.150000 for the amount deposited in the SSY account.

Related Articles

How to Open as SSY Account in HDFC?

How to Open an SSY Account with State Bank of India?

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