Income tax department with a view to encourage savings and investments amongst the taxpayers have provided various deductions from the taxable income under chapter VI A deductions. 80C being the most famous, there are other deductions which are beneficial for the taxpayers to reduce their tax liability. Let us understand these deductions in detail:
Section 80C is one of the most popular and favorite sections amongst taxpayers as it allows them to reduce taxable income by making tax-saving investments or incurring eligible expenses.
Who can claim Section 80C deduction?: Section 80C deduction can be claimed by Individuals and HUFs
Maximum deduction allowed under section 80C?: Rs 1.5 lakh every year from the taxpayer's total income. Companies, partnership firms, and LLPs cannot avail the benefit of this deduction. Note: The maximum deduction under Section 80C, 80CCC and 80CCD (1) put together is Rs 1.5 lakhs. However, you may claim an additional deduction of Rs 50,000 allowed u/s 80CCD(1B)
Deduction limits under Section 80C, 80CCC, 80CCD(1), 80CCE, 80CCD(1B)
Eligible investments for tax deductions
Investment made in Equity Linked Saving Schemes, PPF/SPF/RPF, payments made towards Life Insurance Premiums, principal sum of a home loan, SSY, NSC, SCSS, etc.
Payment made towards pension funds
Payments made towards Atal Pension Yojana or other pension schemes notified by government
Employed: 10% of basic salary + DA Self-employed: 20% of gross total income
Total deduction under Section 80C, 80CCC, 80CCD(1)
Investments in NPS (outside Rs 1,50,000 limit under Section 80CCE)
Employer’s contribution towards NPS (outside Rs 1,50,000 limit under Section 80CCE)
Central government employer: 14% of basic salary +DA Others: 10% of basic salary +DA
Here are some investment options that are allowed as deduction u/s 80C. They not only help you with saving taxes but also help you grow your money. A quick comparison of the options is tabulated below:
Section 80C Deductions List
Lock-in period for
12% – 15%
8% – 10%
Till 60 years of age
8% – 10%
Tax saving FD
Up to 8.40%
Senior citizen savings scheme
5 years (can be extended for other 3 years)
National Savings Certificate
Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana
Till girl child reaches 21 years of age (partial withdrawal allowed when she reached 18 years)
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Sometimes, you may have deductions or investments eligible for 80C but haven’t submitted proof to your employer. This may cause additional TDS deductions. You can still claim these deductions while e-filing, as long as you have the proofs with you.
Who can claim Section 80TTA deduction?: Section 80TTA deduction can be claimed by Individuals and HUFs. Resident Senior Citizens cannot claim deduction under 80TTA but they can claim the deduction under 80TTB.
Maximum deduction allowed under section 80TTA?: Rs 10,000 Note:Section 80TTA does not include interest from from fixed deposits, recurring deposits, or interest income from corporate bonds.
Section 80TTB – Interest From Deposits Held by Senior Citizens
Who can claim Section 80TTB deduction?: Section 80TTA deduction can be claimed by Resident Senior Citizens (age 60 or more) Resident Senior Citizens cannot claim deduction under 80TTA but they can claim the deduction under 80TTB.
Maximum deduction allowed under section 80TTB?: Rs 50,000 against interest income from banks, post office, or a co-operative society engaged in banking business. Note: Interest from banks can be either savings, fixed deposits or recurring
As a result, the threshold limit for TDS deduction under Section 194A for senior citizens has been enhanced to Rs. 50,000. Therefore, if their interest income is below Rs 50,000, TDS will not be deducted.
Section 80GG – Income Tax Deduction on House Rent Paid
Who is eligible to claim deduction under Section 80GG? Those who do not receive HRA in their salary structure but live in rented accommodations.
Conditions for claiming Section 80GG:
Taxpayer must be an individual
Taxpayer must be living on rent and paying rent
The taxpayer should not have self-occupied residential property in any other place. Also, the taxpayer, their spouse or minor child or their HUF should not own any residential accommodation in the place where they currently reside.
File Form 10BA
How much deduction is available Under Section 80GG? The least of the following is available as deduction:
Rent paid (-) 10% of adjusted total income*
Rs 5,000/- per month
25% of adjusted total income*
*Adjusted Gross Total Income = Gross Total Income Less: - LTCG, if any, included in total gross income - STCG u/s 111A - Deductions u/s 80C to 80U except deduction under section 80GG - Incomes of NRIs and foreign companies are taxed at a special tax rate, such as incomes u/s 115A, 115AB, 115AC, or 115AD.
An online ITR e-filing software like that of ClearTax can be extremely easy as the limits are auto-calculated. So, you do not have to worry about making complex calculations.
Section 80E – Interest on Education Loan
Who is eligible to claim deduction under Section 80E? An individual can claim deduction of interest paid on education loan taken for pursuing higher education.
The education loan can be taken for the taxpayer, their spouse or children or for a student for whom the taxpayer is a legal guardian.
80E deduction is available for a maximum of 8 years (beginning the year in which the interest starts getting paid) or till the entire interest is paid, whichever is earlier. There is no ceiling limit on the amount of interest that can be claimed.
Section 80EEA – Interest on Home Loan For First-Time Home Owners
This is Section 80EEA, which provides taxpayers with an extra deduction for paying interest on a house loan. Whereas Section 24 exempted interest on home loans up to Rs 2 lakh, this section exempts home buyers who take out a home loan and pay interest on the loan an additional Rs 1.5 lakhs. Read in detail here.
FY 2017-18 and FY 2016-17
This deduction is available in FY 2017-18 if the loan has been taken in FY 2016-17.
The deduction under section 80EE is available only to home-owners (individuals) having only one house property on the date of sanction of the loan. The value of the property must be less than Rs 50 lakh and the home loan must be less than Rs 35 lakh. The loan taken from a financial institution must have been sanctioned between 1 April 2016 and 31 March 2017.
There is an additional deduction of Rs 50,000 available on your home loan interest on top of the deduction of Rs 2 lakh (on the interest component of home loan EMI) allowed under section 24.
FY 2013-14 and FY 2014-15
During these financial years, the deduction available under this section was a first-time house worth Rs 40 lakh or less. You can avail this only when your loan amount during this period is Rs 25 lakh or less. The loan must be sanctioned between 1 April 2013 and 31 March 2014. The aggregate deduction allowed under this section cannot exceed Rs 1 lakh and is allowed for FY 2013-14 and FY 2014-15.
Section 80D – Deduction on Medical Insurance Premium
Deduction for self & family
Deduction for parents
Preventive Health check-up
Self & Family (below 60 years)
Self & Family + Parents (all of them below 60 years)
You (as an individual or HUF) can claim a deduction of Rs.25,000 under section 80D on insurance for self, spouse and dependent children. An additional deduction for insurance of parents is available up to Rs 25,000, if they are less than 60 years of age. If the parents are aged above 60, the deduction amount is Rs 50,000.
In case, both taxpayer and parent(s) are 60 years or above, the maximum deduction available under this section is up to Rs.1 lakh.
Example: Rohan’s age is 65 and his father’s age is 90. In this case, the maximum deduction Rohan can claim under section 80D is Rs. 100,000.
From FY 2015-16 a cumulative additional deduction of Rs. 5,000 is allowed for preventive health check.
Section 80DD – Deduction for Medical Treatment of a Dependent with Disability
Section 80DD deduction is available to a resident individual or a HUF
Deduction: Expenditure incurred on medical treatment (including nursing), training and rehabilitation of handicapped dependent relative
Level of Disability
Amount of Deduction
40% - 79%
80% or more
Payment or deposit to specified scheme for maintenance of handicapped dependent relative.
To claim this deduction a certificate of disability is required from the prescribed medical authority.
Section 80DDB – Deduction for Medical Treatment etc
Who is eligible to claim Section 80DDB deduction?: 80DDB deduction is available to a resident individual or a HUF. You can get a deduction for any money you spend on medical treatments for yourself or your dependents. If you're a part of a Hindu Undivided Family (HUF), you can also get a deduction for medical expenses spent on these specific ailments for any member of the HUF.
Quantum of deduction under 80DDB?:
Amount of deduction
< 60 years
Amount paid or 40,000, whichever is less
60 and above
Amount paid or 1,00,000, whichever is less
For reimbursement claims: Any reimbursement of medical expenses by an insurance company or employer shall be reduced from the quantum of deduction the taxpayer can claim under this section. Also, remember that you need to get a prescription for such medical treatment from the concerned specialist to claim such a deduction. Read our detailed article on Section 80DDB.
Section 80U – Deduction for Disabled Individuals
Level of Disability
Amount of Deduction
40% - 79%
80% or more
A deduction of Rs.75,000 is available to a resident individual who suffers from a physical disability (including blindness) or mental retardation. In case of severe disability, one can claim a deduction of Rs 1,25,000.
Section 80G – Income Tax Benefits Towards Donations for Social Causes
The various donations specified in u/s 80G are eligible for deduction up to either 100% or 50% with or without restriction.
From FY 2017-18, any donations made in cash exceeding Rs 2,000 will not be allowed as a deduction. Donations above Rs 2000 should be made in any mode other than cash to qualify for an 80G deduction.
a. Donations with 100% deduction without any qualifying limit
National Defence Fund set up by the Central Government
Prime Minister’s National Relief Fund
National Foundation for Communal Harmony
An approved university/educational institution of National eminence
Zila Saksharta Samiti constituted in any district under the chairmanship of the Collector of that district
Fund set up by a State Government for the medical relief to the poor
National Illness Assistance Fund
National Blood Transfusion Council or to any State Blood Transfusion Council
National Trust for Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities
National Sports Fund
National Cultural Fund
Fund for Technology Development and Application
National Children’s Fund
Chief Minister’s Relief Fund or Lieutenant Governor’s Relief Fund with respect to any State or Union Territory
The Army Central Welfare Fund or the Indian Naval Benevolent Fund or the Air Force Central Welfare Fund, Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister’s Cyclone Relief Fund, 1996
The Maharashtra Chief Minister’s Relief Fund during October 1, 1993 and October 6,1993
Any fund set up by the State Government of Gujarat exclusively for providing relief to the victims of earthquake in Gujarat
Any trust, institution or fund to which Section 80G(5C) applies for providing relief to the victims of earthquake in Gujarat (contribution made during January 26, 2001 and September 30, 2001) or
Prime Minister’s Armenia Earthquake Relief Fund
Africa (Public Contributions — India) Fund
Swachh Bharat Kosh (applicable from financial year 2014-15)
Clean Ganga Fund (applicable from financial year 2014-15)
National Fund for Control of Drug Abuse (applicable from financial year 2015-16)
b. Donations with 50% deduction without any qualifying limit
Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Fund
Prime Minister’s Drought Relief Fund
Indira Gandhi Memorial Trust
The Rajiv Gandhi Foundation
c. Donations to the following are eligible for 100% deduction subject to 10% of adjusted gross total income
Government or any approved local authority, institution or association to be utilized for the purpose of promoting family planning
Donation by a Company to the Indian Olympic Association or to any other notified association or institution established in India for the development of infrastructure for sports and games in India or the sponsorship of sports and games in India
d. Donations to the following are eligible for 50% deduction subject to 10% of adjusted gross total income
Any other fund or any institution which satisfies conditions mentioned in Section 80G(5)
Government or any local authority to be utilised for any charitable purpose other than the purpose of promoting family planning
Any authority constituted in India for the purpose of dealing with and satisfying the need for housing accommodation or for the purpose of planning, development or improvement of cities, towns, villages or both
Any corporation referred in Section 10(26BB) for promoting the interest of minority community
For repairs or renovation of any notified temple, mosque, gurudwara, church or other places.
Section 80GGB – Company Donation to Political Parties
Section 80GGB deduction is allowed to an Indian company for the amount contributed by it to any political party or an electoral trust. A deduction is allowed for donations done by any mode of payment other than cash.
Section 80GGC – Deduction on Donations By a Person to Political Parties
What is Section 80GGC Deduction? 80GGC provides deduction for any amount donated to a political party or an electoral trust. You can avail this deduction only if you pay by any mode other than cash.
Who can claim deduction under section 80GGC? Only an individual taxpayer can claim deduction under section 80GGC. It is not available for companies, local authorities and an artificial juridical person wholly or partly funded by the government. They may claim the deduction under Section 80GGB.
Section 80RRB – Deduction on Income via Royalty of a Patent
80RRB Deduction for any income by way of royalty for a patent, registered on or after 1 April 2003 under the Patents Act 1970, shall be available for up to Rs.3 lakh or the income received, whichever is less. The taxpayer must be an individual patentee and an Indian resident. The taxpayer must furnish a certificate in the prescribed form duly signed by the prescribed authority.
Section 80 Deductions Summary Table
Allowed Limit (maximum) FY 2022-23
Investment in PPF – Employee’s share of PF contribution – NSCs – Life Insurance Premium payment – Children’s Tuition Fee – Principal Repayment of home loan – Investment in Sukanya Samridhi Account – ULIPS – ELSS – Sum paid to purchase deferred annuity – Five year deposit scheme – Senior Citizens savings scheme – Subscription to notified securities/notified deposits scheme – Contribution to notified Pension Fund set up by Mutual Fund or UTI. – Subscription to Home Loan Account scheme of the National Housing Bank – Subscription to deposit scheme of a public sector or company engaged in providing housing finance – Contribution to notified annuity Plan of LIC – Subscription to equity shares/ debentures of an approved eligible issue – Subscription to notified bonds of NABARD
For amount deposited in annuity plan of LIC or any other insurer for a pension from a fund referred to in Section 10(23AAB)
Employee’s contribution to NPS account (maximum up to Rs 1,50,000)
Employer’s contribution to NPS account
Maximum up to 10% of salary
Additional contribution to NPS
Interest Income from Savings account
Maximum up to 10,000
Exemption of interest from banks, post office, etc. Applicable only to senior citizens
Maximum up to 50,000
For rent paid when HRA is not received from employer
Least of : – Rent paid minus 10% of total income – Rs. 5000/- per month – 25% of total income
Interest on education loan
Interest paid for a period of 8 years
Interest on home loan for first time home owners
Medical Insurance – Self, spouse, children Medical Insurance – Parents more than 60 years old or (from FY 2015-16) uninsured parents more than 80 years old
– Rs. 25,000 – Rs. 50,000
Medical treatment for handicapped dependent or payment to specified scheme for maintenance of handicapped dependent – Disability is 40% or more but less than 80% – Disability is 80% or more
– Rs. 75,000 – Rs. 1,25,000
Medical Expenditure on Self or Dependent Relative for diseases specified in Rule 11DD – For less than 60 years old – For more than 60 years old
– Lower of Rs 40,000 or the amount actually paid – Lower of Rs 1,00,000 or the amount actually paid
Self-suffering from disability : – An individual suffering from a physical disability (including blindness) or mental retardation. – An individual suffering from severe disability
– Rs. 75,000 – Rs. 1,25,000
Contribution by companies to political parties
Amount contributed (not allowed if paid in cash)
Contribution by individuals to political parties
Amount contributed (not allowed if paid in cash)
Deductions on Income by way of Royalty of a Patent
Can I claim the 80C deductions at the time of filing the return in case I have not submitted proof to my employer?
You need to give evidence of your investments to your employer by the end of the financial year. This helps your employer calculate your taxable income and the amount of tax to deduct from your salary. If you forget to submit the proof of investments to your employer, you can still claim those investments when you file your income tax return. Just make sure the investments were made before the end of the financial year, i.e 31st March 2023
I have made an 80C investment on 30 April 2022. For which year can I claim this investment as a deduction?
You can claim deduction for the investments made in the ITR of that financial year. So, let's say you made an investment on April 30, 2022, you can claim it as a deduction when filing your taxes for the FY 2022-2023.
I have availed a loan from my employer for pursuing higher education. Can I claim the interest paid on such a loan as a deduction under Section 80E?
You can only get a deduction on the interest you paid for an education loan under Section 80E if you borrowed the money from a bank or other financial institution to fund your higher education. If you took a loan from your employer, you won't be able to claim the interest deduction under Section 80E.
Is there any restriction or maximum limit up to which I can claim a deduction under Section 80E?
Law has not prescribed any upper limit for deduction under Section 80E. Hence, the actual interest paid during a year can be claimed as deduction.
Can a company or a firm take benefit of Section 80C?
The provisions of Section 80C apply only to individuals or a Hindu Undivided Family (HUF). Hence, a company or a firm cannot take benefit of Section 80C.
I have been paying life insurance premiums to a private insurance company. Can I claim an 80C deduction for the premium paid?
You can get a deduction under Section 80C when you pay life insurance premiums to any insurance company approved by the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India, whether they are public or private. So, the premiums you pay for insurance can also help you claim an 80C deduction.
In which year can I claim a deduction of the stamp duty paid for the purchase of a house property
You can go ahead claiming the stamp duty for the purchase of a house in the year in which the payment is made towards stamp duty under Section 80C.
Can a company claim a deduction for donations made under Section 80G
Any taxpayer making donations towards specified institutions, funds, etc. will be eligible to claim a deduction under Section 80G.
I am paying medical insurance premiums for a medical policy taken in my name, my wife and my children's. I am also paying the premium on a medical policy taken in the name of my parents who are above 60 years. Can I claim a deduction for both premiums paid?
The premium you have paid on the policy taken for yourself, your spouse and your children is eligible for a deduction under Section 80D up to a maximum of Rs 25,000. In addition to this, you will also be eligible to claim a deduction of premium paid on the policy taken for your senior citizen parents up to a maximum of Rs 50,000. Hence, you can claim both premiums paid as deduction under Section 80D.
Is my FD interest exempt under Section 80TTB?
If you are a resident senior citizen above 60 years of age, then your interest income from a Fixed Deposit is allowed as deduction under Section 80TTB.
What do you mean by 80C deduction under chapter VI A?
The income tax department allows taxpayers to claim deductions, i.e. reducing the taxable income if taxpayer makes certain investments or eligible expenditures allowed under Chapter VI A. 80C allows a deduction for the investment made in PPF, EPF, LIC premium, Equity linked saving scheme, principal amount payment towards home loan, stamp duty and registration charges for the purchase of property, Sukanya Smriddhi Yojana (SSY), National saving certificate (NSC), Senior citizen savings scheme (SCSS), ULIP, tax saving FD for 5 years, Infrastructure bonds etc.
Can you claim HRA under section 80?
Yes, if you do not receive HRA as a part of a salary component, the Rent paid can be claimed as deduction under section 80GG. However the maximum amount of deduction allowed is Rs 60,000 per annum.
What is 80GG in income tax? What is rent paid under 80GG ?
80GG allows you to claim deduction for rent paid even if your salary does not include HRA component or by self employed individuals having income other than salary. The condition is that you should not own any residential accommodation in the place of residence to claim deduction under 80GG.
What is section 80CCD ?
80CCD allows a deduction for contributions to national pension schemes as notified by the central government. The deduction is allowed for contributions made by an employee, employer or voluntary self contribution. Overall limit of deduction allowed in section 80C is Rs 1.5 lakh plus an additional deduction of Rs 50,000 u/s 80CCD(1B) on contribution made to NPS or Atal pension yojana.
What is section 80CCD(1)?
Section 80CCD (1) is a deduction for employees as well as self-employed for making contributions to the National Pension scheme. An employee can claim deduction under 80CCD(1) at a maximum of 10% of basic salary plus dearness allowance. For self employed, the limit for deduction is 20% of their income subject to Rs 1.5 lakh maximum limit of section 80C.
What is section 80CCD(2)?
Section 80CCD deals with tax deductions available to employers with respect to contributions made to the pension scheme for its employees. i.e. if your employer contributes to its employees pension account, deduction, maximum upto 20% of total income of the employer can be availed.
What is section 80TTB?
Section 80TTB provides deduction up to Rs 50,000 on interest income earned on fixed deposit or savings account specifically to Senior citizens.
What is rebate u/s 87A?
A rebate under section 87A is one of the income tax provisions that help low income earning taxpayers reduce their income tax liability. Taxpayers earning an income below a certain limit have the benefit of paying marginally lower taxes. A Taxpayer can claim the benefit of rebate under section 87A for FY 2022-23 and 2023-24 only if the following conditions are satisfied:
You are a resident individual
Your total income after reducing the deductions under chapter VI-A (Section 80C, 80D and so on) does not exceed Rs 5 lakh in an FY.
The tax rebate is limited to Rs 12,500. This means, if your total tax payable is less than Rs 12,500, then you will not have to pay any tax. However, if you opt for the new regime from FY 2023-24, the rebate threshold has been increased to Rs 7 lakh. Do note that the rebate will be applied to the total tax before adding the health and education cess of 4%.
Who is eligible for rebate u/s 87A?
A Taxpayer can claim the benefit of rebate under section 87A for FY 2022-23 and 2023-24 only if the following conditions are satisfied:
You are a resident individual which means HUF and firms cannot claim this rebate.
Your total income after reducing the deductions under chapter VI-A (Section 80C, 80D and so on) does not exceed Rs 5 lakh in an FY
However, if you opt for the new regime from FY 2023-24, the rebate threshold has been increased to Rs 7 lakh.
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