Income tax department with a view to encourage savings and investments amongst the taxpayers have provided various deductions from the taxable income under chapter VI A deductions. 80C being the most famous, there are other deductions which are beneficial for the taxpayers to reduce their tax liability. Let us understand these deductions in detail:
Section 80C is one of the most popular and favourite sections amongst the taxpayers as it allows to reduce taxable income by making tax saving investments or incurring eligible expenses. It allows a maximum deduction of Rs 1.5 lakh every year from the taxpayers total income.
The benefit of this deduction can be availed by Individuals and HUFs. Companies, partnership firms, LLPs cannot avail the benefit of this deduction.
Section 80C includes subsections , 80CCC, 80CCD (1) , 80CCD (1b) and 80CCD (2).
It is important to note that overall limit including the subsections for claiming deduction is Rs 1.5 lakh except an additional deduction of Rs 50,000 allowed u/s 80CCD(1b)
|Eligible investments for tax deductions|
|80 C||80C allows deduction for investment made in PPF , EPF, LIC premium , Equity linked saving scheme, principal amount payment towards home loan, stamp duty and registration charges for purchase of property, Sukanya smriddhi yojana (SSY) , National saving certificate (NSC) , Senior citizen savings scheme (SCSS), ULIP, tax saving FD for 5 years, Infrastructure bonds etc|
|80CCC Deduction for life insurance annuity plan.||80CCC allows deduction for payment towards annuity pension plans Pension received from the annuity or amount received upon surrender of the annuity, including interest or bonus accrued on the annuity, is taxable in the year of receipt.|
|80CCD (1) Deduction for NPS|
Employee’s contribution under section 80CCD (1) Maximum deduction allowed is least of the following
|80CCD (1b) Deduction for NPS||Additional deduction of Rs 50,000 is allowed for amount deposited to NPS account |
Contributions to Atal Pension Yojana is also eligible for deduction.
|80CCD (2) Deduction for NPS||Employers contribution is allowed for deduction upto 10% of basic salary plus dearness allowance under this section. Benefit in this section is allowed only to salaried individuals and not self employed.|
Here are some investment options that are allowed as deduction u/s 80C. They not only help you with saving taxes but also help you grow your money. A quick comparison for the options is tabulated below :
|Investment options||Average Interest||Lock in period for||Risk factor|
|ELSS funds||12% – 15%||3 years||High|
|NPS Scheme||8% – 10%||Till 60 years of age||High|
|ULIP||8% – 10%||5 years||Medium|
|Tax saving FD||7% – 8%||5 years||Low|
|Senior citizen savings scheme||7.4%||5years (can be extended for other 3 years)||Low|
|Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana||8.4%||Till girl child reaches 21 years of age |
(partial withdrawal allowed when she reached 18 years)
Sometimes, you may have deductions or investments eligible for 80C, but haven’t submitted the proofs to your employer. This may cause to additional TDS deductions. You can still claim these deductions while e-filing, as long as you have the proofs with you.
If you are an individual or an HUF, you may claim a deduction of maximum Rs 10,000 against interest income from your savings account with a bank, co-operative society, or post office. Do include the interest from savings bank account in other income.
Section 80TTA deduction is not available on interest income from fixed deposits, recurring deposits, or interest income from corporate bonds.
a. Section 80GG deduction is available for rent paid when HRA is not received. The taxpayer, spouse or minor child should not own residential accommodation at the place of employment
b. The taxpayer should not have self-occupied residential property in any other place
c. The taxpayer must be living on rent and paying rent
d. The deduction is available to all individuals
a. Rent paid minus 10% of adjusted total income
b. Rs 5,000/- per month
c. 25% of adjusted total income*
*Adjusted Gross Total Income is arrived at after adjusting the Gross Total Income for certain deductions, exempt income, long-term capital gains and income related to non-residents and foreign companies.
An online ITR e-filing software like that of ClearTax can be extremely easy as the limits are auto-calculated. So, you do not have to worry about making complex calculations.
From FY 2016-17 available deduction has been raised to Rs 5,000 a month from Rs 2,000 per month.
A deduction is allowed to an individual for interest on loans taken for pursuing higher education. This loan may have been taken for the taxpayer, spouse or children or for a student for whom the taxpayer is a legal guardian.
80E deduction is available for a maximum of 8 years (beginning the year in which the interest starts getting repaid) or till the entire interest is repaid, whichever is earlier. There is no restriction on the amount that can be claimed.
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FY 2017-18 and FY 2016-17
This deduction is available in FY 2017-18 if the loan has been taken in FY 2016-17.
The deduction under section 80EE is available only to home-owners (individuals) having only one house property on the date of sanction of the loan. The value of the property must be less than Rs 50 lakh and the home loan must be less than Rs 35 lakh. The loan taken from a financial institution must have been sanctioned between 1 April 2016 and 31 March 2017.
There is an additional deduction of Rs 50,000 available on your home loan interest on top of deduction of Rs 2 lakh (on interest component of home loan EMI) allowed under section 24.
FY 2013-14 and FY 2014-15
During these financial years, the deduction available under this section was first-time house worth Rs 40 lakh or less. You can avail this only when your loan amount during this period is Rs 25 lakh or less. The loan must be sanctioned between 1 April 2013 and 31 March 2014. The aggregate deduction allowed under this section cannot exceed Rs 1 lakh and is allowed for FY 2013-14 and FY 2014-15.
You (as an individual or HUF) can claim a deduction of Rs.25,000 under section 80D on insurance for self, spouse and dependent children. An additional deduction for insurance of parents is available up to Rs 25,000, if they are less than 60 years of age. If the parents are aged above 60, the deduction amount is Rs 50,000, which has been increased in Budget 2018 from Rs 30,000.
In case, both taxpayer and parent(s) are 60 years or above, the maximum deduction available under this section is up to Rs.1 lakh.
Example: Rohan’s age is 65 and his father’s age is 90. In this case, the maximum deduction Rohan can claim under section 80D is Rs. 100,000.
From FY 2015-16 a cumulative additional deduction of Rs. 5,000 is allowed for preventive health check.
Section 80DD deduction is available to a resident individual or a HUF and is available on:
a. Expenditure incurred on medical treatment (including nursing), training and rehabilitation of handicapped dependent relative
b. Payment or deposit to specified scheme for maintenance of handicapped dependent relative.
i. Where disability is 40% or more but less than 80% – fixed deduction of Rs 75,000.
ii. Where there is severe disability (disability is 80% or more) – fixed deduction of Rs 1,25,000.
To claim this deduction a certificate of disability is required from prescribed medical authority.
From FY 2015-16 – The deduction limit of Rs 50,000 has been raised to Rs 75,000 and Rs 1,00,000 has been raised to Rs 1,25,000.
a. For individuals and HUFs below age 60
A deduction up to Rs.40,000 is available to a resident individual or a HUF. It is available with respect to any expense incurred towards treatment of specified medical diseases or ailments for himself or any of his dependents. For an HUF, such a deduction is available with respect to medical expenses incurred towards these prescribed ailments for any of the HUF members.
b. For senior citizens and super senior citizens
In case the individual on behalf of whom such expenses are incurred is a senior citizen, the individual or HUF taxpayer can claim a deduction up to Rs 1 lakh. Until FY 2017-18, the deduction that could be claimed for a senior citizen and a super senior citizen was Rs 60,000 and Rs 80,000 respectively. This has now become a common deduction available upto Rs 1 lakh for all senior citizens (including super senior citizens) unlike earlier.
c. For reimbursement claims
Any reimbursement of medical expenses by an insurer or employer shall be reduced from the quantum of deduction the taxpayer can claim under this section.
Also remember that you need to get a prescription for such medical treatment from the concerned specialist in order to claim such deduction. Read our detailed article on Section 80DDB.
A deduction of Rs.75,000 is available to a resident individual who suffers from a physical disability (including blindness) or mental retardation. In case of severe disability, one can claim a deduction of Rs 1,25,000.
From FY 2015-16 – Section 80U deduction limit of Rs 50,000 has been raised to Rs 75,000 and Rs 1,00,000 has been raised to Rs 1,25,000.
The various donations specified in u/s 80G are eligible for deduction up to either 100% or 50% with or without restriction.
From FY 2017-18 any donations made in cash exceeding Rs 2,000 will not be allowed as deduction. The donations above Rs 2000 should be made in any mode other than cash to qualify for 80G deduction.
Section 80GGB deduction is allowed to an Indian company for the amount contributed by it to any political party or an electoral trust. Deduction is allowed for contribution done by any way other than cash.
Deduction under section 80GGC is allowed to an individual taxpayer for any amount contributed to a political party or an electoral trust. It is not available for companies, local authorities and an artificial juridical person wholly or partly funded by the government. You can avail this deduction only if you pay by any way other than cash.
80RRB Deduction for any income by way of royalty for a patent, registered on or after 1 April 2003 under the Patents Act 1970, shall be available for up to Rs.3 lakh or the income received, whichever is less. The taxpayer must be an individual patentee and an Indian resident. The taxpayer must furnish a certificate in the prescribed form duly signed by the prescribed authority.
A new section 80TTB has been inserted vide Budget 2018 in which deductions with respect to interest income from deposits held by senior citizens will be allowed. The limit for this deduction is Rs.50,000.
No further deduction under section 80TTA shall be allowed. In addition to section 80 TTB, section 194A of the Act will also be amended so as to increase the threshold limit for TDS on interest income payable to senior citizens. The earlier limit was Rs 10,000, which was increased to Rs 50,000 as per the latest Budget.
|Section||Deduction on||Allowed Limit (maximum) FY 2021-22|
|80C||Investment in PPF |
– Employee’s share of PF contribution
– Life Insurance Premium payment
– Children’s Tuition Fee
– Principal Repayment of home loan
– Investment in Sukanya Samridhi Account
– Sum paid to purchase deferred annuity
– Five year deposit scheme
– Senior Citizens savings scheme
– Subscription to notified securities/notified deposits scheme
– Contribution to notified Pension Fund set up by Mutual Fund or UTI.
– Subscription to Home Loan Account scheme of the National Housing Bank
– Subscription to deposit scheme of a public sector or company engaged in providing housing finance
– Contribution to notified annuity Plan of LIC
– Subscription to equity shares/ debentures of an approved eligible issue
– Subscription to notified bonds of NABARD
|80CCC||For amount deposited in annuity plan of LIC or any other insurer for a pension from a fund referred to in Section 10(23AAB)||–|
|80CCD(1)||Employee’s contribution to NPS account (maximum up to Rs 1,50,000)||–|
|80CCD(2)||Employer’s contribution to NPS account||Maximum up to 10% of salary|
|80CCD(1B)||Additional contribution to NPS||Rs. 50,000|
|80TTA(1)||Interest Income from Savings account||Maximum up to 10,000|
|80TTB||Exemption of interest from banks, post office, etc. Applicable only to senior citizens||Maximum up to 50,000|
|80GG||For rent paid when HRA is not received from employer||Least of : |
– Rent paid minus 10% of total income
– Rs. 5000/- per month
– 25% of total income
|80E||Interest on education loan||Interest paid for a period of 8 years|
|80EE||Interest on home loan for first time home owners||Rs 50,000|
|80D||Medical Insurance – Self, spouse, children |
Medical Insurance – Parents more than 60 years old or (from FY 2015-16) uninsured parents more than 80 years old
|– Rs. 25,000 |
– Rs. 50,000
|80DD||Medical treatment for handicapped dependent or payment to specified scheme for maintenance of handicapped dependent |
– Disability is 40% or more but less than 80%
– Disability is 80% or more
|– Rs. 75,000 |
– Rs. 1,25,000
|80DDB||Medical Expenditure on Self or Dependent Relative for diseases specified in Rule 11DD |
– For less than 60 years old
– For more than 60 years old
|– Lower of Rs 40,000 or the amount actually paid |
– Lower of Rs 1,00,000 or the amount actually paid
|80U||Self-suffering from disability : |
– An individual suffering from a physical disability (including blindness) or mental retardation.
– An individual suffering from severe disability
|– Rs. 75,000 |
– Rs. 1,25,000
|80GGB||Contribution by companies to political parties||Amount contributed (not allowed if paid in cash)|
|80GGC||Contribution by individuals to political parties||Amount contributed (not allowed if paid in cash)|
|80RRB||Deductions on Income by way of Royalty of a Patent||Lower of Rs 3,00,000 or income received|
For section 80C- The amount of eligible investment or expenditure as specified is fully allowed for deduction subject to the limit of Rs 1.5 lakh.
The limit of Rs 1.5 lakh deduction of Section 80C includes 80CCC (contribution towards pension plan) and 80CCD (1), 80CCD (1b) and 80CCD (2).
Section 80CCCD (1) is a contribution towards the National pension scheme by the employee or self employed and is limited to 10% of salary (basisc + DA) or 20% of gross total income for self employed.
Section 80CCD (1b) provides additional deduction of Rs 50,000 for contributions towards NPS , Atal pension Yojana etc. This deduction is over and above Rs 1.5 lakh. Hence total of deduction including 80C and 80CCD (1b) can be maximum Rs 2 lakh for a single year.
Section 80CCD (2) is deduction allowed to salaried for contributions made by their employer for NPS , this is also allowed at 10 % of salary (basic +DA) . However it is important to note that there is no upper limit in 80CCD (2)
Hence for investment in 80C only , the limit is Rs 1.5 Lakh. For investment together in 80C, 80CCD (1) and 80CCD (1b), one may invest upto Rs 2 lakh in total. Whereas, a salaried employee can avail more deduction without restriction of limit of Rs 2 lakh under section 80CCD (2) if the employer contributes towards NPS account subject to 10% of salary.
Further please note that per Budget 2020, any contribution towards EPF, NPS and superannuation will be added to the salary as “perquisites” and taxable under salaries in the hands of employees.
80GG deduction will be allowed as lowest of below mentioned :
A rebate under section 87A is one of the income tax provisions that help low income earning taxpayers reduce their income tax liability. Taxpayers earning an income below a certain limit have the benefit of paying marginally lower taxes. A Taxpayer can claim the benefit of rebate under section 87A for FY 2020-21 and 2021-22 only if the following conditions are satisfied:
The tax rebate is limited to Rs 12,500. This means, if your total tax payable is less than Rs 12,500, then you will not have to pay any tax. Do note that the rebate will be applied to the total tax before adding the health and education cess of 4%.
A Taxpayer can claim the benefit of rebate under section 87A for FY 2020-21 and 2021-22 only if the following conditions are satisfied:
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