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Goods and Service Tax or GST will consolidate all indirect taxes under one umbrella and help Indian businesses become globally competitive. To facilitate easy calculation and payment of taxes, GST has provisions for assessments such as self-assessment.
Latest update on RFD-01
21st December 2021
From 1st January 2022, CBIC made the aadhaar authentication mandatory to apply for a refund under the CGST Rules 89 (Excess tax, interest, penalty, fees paid) and 96 (IGST paid on goods or services exported out of India) in RFD-01.
1st May 2021
Where the time limit to pass orders for rejecting any refund claim fully or partly falls between 15th April 2021 and 30th May 2021, it is extended. The extended time limit shall be later of two dates:
(1) 15 days after reply to the notice OR
(2) 31st May 2021
Assessment means determination of tax liability under GST law. Below are the various types of assessment under GST.
Only self-assessment is done by the taxpayer himself. All the other assessments are by tax authorities.
Every registered taxable person shall himself assess the taxes payable and furnish a return for each tax period. This means GST continues to promote self-assessment just like the Excise, VAT and Service Tax under current tax regime.
An assessee can request the officer for provisional assessment if he is unable to determine value or rate. Unable to determine value due to difficulty in –
Unable to determine rate of tax due to difficulty in –
The final assessment will be done within 6 months of the provisional assessment. This can be extended for 6 months by the Joint/Additional Commissioner. However, the Commissioner can extend it for further 4 years as he seems fit.
The tax payer will have to pay interest on any tax payable under provisional assessment which was not paid within the due date. Interest period will be calculated from the day when tax was first due on the goods/services (and not the date of provisional assessment) till the actual payment date, irrespective of payment being before or after final assessment. Rate of interest will be maximum 18%. If the tax as per final assessment is less than provisional assessment then the taxable person will get a refund. He will also get interest on refund. Rate of interest will be maximum 6%.
The proper officer can scrutinize the return to verify its correctness. It is a non-compulsory pre-adjudication process. In simple words, it is not mandatory for the officer to scrutinize return. Scrutiny of returns is not a legal or judicial proceeding,i.e., no order can be passed. The officer will ask for explanations on discrepancies noticed.
If the officer finds the explanation satisfactory then the taxable person will be informed and no further action will be taken.
The proper officer will take action-
The officer may-
Similar provisions regarding scrutiny are existing in current excise, VAT and service tax laws. Thus, most of the assessment provisions under GST are similar to the current indirect tax system. Please click here to read about best judgement assessment, scrutiny of returns, summary assessment.