Here are a few brief descriptions of certain key phrases you will come across in GST. This will help you to understand GST better.
Goods & Services Tax (GST) will replace many taxes like
(i) Taxes currently levied and collected by the Centre:
(ii) Taxes currently levied and collected by the State:
Here are a few brief descriptions of basic GST terms you will come across. This will help you to understand GST better.
Input tax credit
Input tax is the GST paid/payable on purchases of goods & services. It includes GST paid to State Government (SGST) and CGST (paid to Centre) and
IGST (Integrated GST) which is charged on both inter-state sales as well as imports.
Input tax credit means the reversal of GST which was paid on purchases of goods and services. It is available as a deduction against output tax to be paid on sales. This is done to reduce the cascading effect, i.e., tax on tax effect.
However, input tax credit is not available to taxpayers who opt for composition levy.
To know more, please read our article on input credit
Taxable Person is a person who carries on any business at any place in India and who is registered or required to be registered under GST Act. The person who engages in economic activity including trade, commerce is treated as taxable person.
Person includes an individual, HUF, company, firm, LLP, an AOP/BOI, any corporation or Government company, body corporate incorporated under laws of foreign country, co-operative society, local authority, government, trust, artificial juridical person.
Who is liable to be registered?
Who is a casual taxable person?
A person who occasionally supplies goods and/or services in a territory where GST is applicable but he does not have a fixed place of business. As per GST such a person will be treated as a casual taxable person.
Example: A person who has place of business in Bangalore supplies taxable consulting services in Pune where he has no place of business would be treated as casual taxable person in Pune.
Who is a non-resident taxable person?
When a non-resident person occasionally supplies goods/services in a territory where GST applies, but he does not have a fixed place of business in India. As per GST he will be treated as a non-resident taxable person. It is similar to above except the non-resident has no place of business in India.
To know more, please read our article on who should register for GST
Reverse charge’ means the liability to pay tax is by the recipient of goods/services instead of the supplier. Categories of supplies applicable for reverse charge will be notified by the Centre or State Government.
At present, similar provisions of Reverse Charge are available in Service Tax for the services like Manpower supply, Mutual fund agent, Works contract, Goods Transport Agencies etc. In GST regime, reverse charge may be applicable for both services as well as goods.
GST is a completely new tax regime already taking India by storm. These are only a few of the most common phrases you will come across in GST. Please read a few more terms in the second part of this article. Hopefully they will help you to understand GST better. Feel free to read more of our articles in our blog.
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