Budget 2024 Expectations: Here Are Our Top Expectations From Income Tax And GST

By Ektha Surana

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Updated on: Jan 8th, 2024

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6 min read

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While major announcements may hold off until after the 2024 General Elections, the upcoming Union Budget presents an opportunity to address lingering concerns and set the stage for future economic growth.
It is most likely that this budget would prioritise fiscal discipline and avoid populist measures. However, there is optimism for potential relief in the realm of personal income tax, particularly in the New Tax Regime.
Here are some of our top expectations:

Income Tax:

80D deduction limit

The deduction limit under Section 80D for medical insurance premiums should be increased from ₹25,000 to ₹50,000 for individuals and ₹50,000 to ₹75,000 for senior citizens, reflecting rising healthcare costs.
Additionally, extending Section 80D benefits to the new tax regime would promote equitable access to healthcare.

Ease TDS compliance for home buyers

Currently, 1% TDS is deducted on property purchases exceeding INR 50 lakh. While this process is straightforward for resident sellers (using Form 26QB), it becomes more complex for Non-Resident Indian (NRI) sellers. 

Simplification of capital gains taxation

The complexity of the current capital gains tax regime poses challenges for investors, with numerous factors to consider, such as asset classes, holding periods, tax rates, and residency status. The government should streamline the classification of equity and debt instruments, unify tax treatment for listed and unlisted securities, and simplify indexation provisions.

Bengaluru to be considered a metro city for the purpose of HRA exemption

Despite being recognised as a metro city by the Indian Constitution, Bengaluru remains classified as a non-metro for income tax purposes, limiting HRA deductions to 40% for its residents instead of 50% available in other metro cities.

GST

The focus of the Interim Budget 2024 is anticipated to concentrate on streamlining Customs law compliance rather than GST law, which is predominantly addressed in GST Council meetings. While the Central GST Act may undergo amendments to align with some of the GST Rules recently passed, expectations for Budget 2024 include significant aspects.

Introduction of revised annual GST return form

Another expectation involves introducing a revised annual GST return form, allowing taxpayers to rectify errors in the GSTR-9 form, particularly for B2B transactions. This measure aims to prevent unnecessary scrutiny by tax officers due to errors in the originally filed returns.

Paying GST on Reverse Charge for Non-compliant Vendors

Additionally, we expect a new reverse charge-based mechanism for better GST compliance. Buyers who are large taxpayers with turnovers exceeding Rs.100 crore or Rs.500 crore could directly pay GST dues to the government instead of their small vendors. This shift in tax payment onus aims to alleviate the compliance burden on small businesses and facilitate smoother transactions for large enterprises dealing with smaller vendors.

The proposal ensures timely remittance of GST by large enterprises, enabling small businesses to file quarterly or half-yearly statements, reducing their monthly tax payment obligations. This change could also resolve challenges faced by large enterprises dealing with small vendors, as it shifts the responsibility of tax payment to buyers, facilitating smoother ITC claims and reducing administrative burdens associated with following up with small vendors.

Related Articles:
1. Budget 2023 Highlights: PDF Download, Key Takeaways, Important Points
2. Income Tax Slabs FY 2023-24 & AY 2024-25 (New & Old Regime Tax Rates)
3. Old vs New Tax Regime: Which Is Better?
4. New Tax Regime 2023
5. Budget 2024 Highlights

About the Author

Multitasking between pouring myself coffees and poring over the ever-changing tax laws. Here, I've authored 100+ blogs on income tax and simplified complex income tax topics like the intimidating crypto tax rules, old vs new tax regime debate, changes in debt funds taxation, budget analysis and more. Some combinations I like- tax and content, finance & startups, technology & psychology, fitness & neuroscience. Read more

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