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Clarification on Format of Form GST PMT-01

Updated on: Jul 6th, 2021


5 min read

This is the first article in a series clarifying questions on the format of the different forms required to be filed for payment under GST.

First, we will cover the electronic liability register of a person registered and taxable under GST. This information is filed through the form GST PMT-01 which is divided into two parts. Form GST PMT-01 (Part 1) shows the liability of the registered person for return filing. All liabilities other than those that are return related, are covered in the Form GST PMT-01 (Part 2).  

Form GST PMT –01

There are two slightly different formats for a person who is registered and taxable under GST. The Form GST PMT-01 of a registered person has to show the below mentioned details like the GSTIN, Name, trade name if any and would have the major heads and minor heads as explained in the flowchart. Form GST PMT-01 (Part 2) has a similar format to Part 1 but there are a few additional heads and information as mentioned below:

Electronic Liability Register of Registered Person

Clarification on Format of Form GST PMT-01

Part–I: Return related liabilities (To be maintained at the Common Portal) GSTIN Name (Legal): Trade name, if any Tax Period Form GST PMT-01 (Part 2) additional info Demand ID Demand Date: Stay Status: Stayed/Unstayed Act: CGST/SGST/UTGST /IGST/CESS /All

Clarifications Regarding the Format of Form GST PMT-01

Form GST PMT-01 would show a person registered under GST the basic details of the tax payment or refund like the date of payment/refund, description of the transaction, reference number provided at the time of payment or application of refund. ITC or netbanking/OTC used for discharging the liability under GST can also be ascertained by the registered person in the electronic liability register. Electronic credit ledger (Form GST PMT-02) or Electronic cash ledger (Form GST PMT-05) used would be mentioned in the Form GST PMT-01. Any amount debited or credited under the different heads like CGST, SGST, UTGST, IGST, Cess would be shown in the form under the different minor heads like tax, interest, penalty, fee, and others.

For Example:
Nirvana Industries had a total liability under GST of Rs 10 Lakhs. They discharged Rs 5 lakh by using the ITC available in the electronic credit ledger and Rs 3 lakh using net banking. Nirvana Industries owned and ran aggregating services for the sale of spa products of different manufacturers (including self-products) on which they had to pay the penalty of Rs 50,000 for non-collection of TCS under GST for inter-state sales. Electronic cash ledger (Form GST PMT-02) was used for:

Payment of liability through ITC

General HeadsSr No: 1 Type of transaction: CreditLedger used: Electronic credit ledger(Form GST PMT-05) Tax HeadsAmount Debited/Credited: Rs 5,00,000 shown under minor head TAX.Balance Payable: Rs 5,00,000 shown under the minor head TAX and Rs 50,000 shown under minor head PENALTY.

Payment of liability through OTC/Netbanking/Credit Card/Debit Card

General HeadsSr No: 2Type of transaction: Credit Ledger used: Electronic cash ledger(Form GST PMT-02)Tax HeadsAmount Debited/Credited: Rs 3,00,000 shown under the minor head TAXBalance Payable: Rs 2,00,000 shown under the minor head TAX and Rs 50,000 shown under minor head PENALTY

Payment of penalty for non-collection of TCS on inter-state sales

General HeadsSr No: 3Type of transaction: CreditLedger used: Electronic cash ledger only( ITC available not allowed to discharge penalty liability)Tax HeadsAmount Debited/Credited: Rs 50,000 shown under the minor head PENALTYBalance Payable: Rs 2,00,000 shown under the minor head TAX

Important Points

  1. All liabilities accruing due to return and payments made against such returns will be recorded in this ledger. 
  2. Under the head, ‘Description’, liabilities due to opting for composition, cancellation of registration will also be covered. Such liabilities shall be populated in the liability register of the tax period in which the date of application or order falls, as the case may be.
  3. The return shall be treated as invalid if the closing balance is positive. The balance shall be worked out by reducing credit (amount paid) from the debit (amount payable).
  4. Cess means cess levied under Goods and Services Tax (Compensation to States) Act, 2017.

We will cover the other payment forms in further articles.

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Quick Summary

The article clarifies the format of Form GST PMT-01 for registered and taxable persons under GST, divided into Part 1 for return-related liabilities and Part 2 for other liabilities. It explains the details required in the forms and lists the importance of accurately maintaining the electronic liability register. The article includes an example of a company discharging its tax liabilities.

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