Complete GST lifecycle on one platform Complete GST lifecycle on one platform
Claim max ITC with
AI-driven engine
Claim max ITC with AI-driven engine
Smart validations
& PAN-level filing
Smart validations & PAN-level filing
Download 20+ PAN-level
reports in mins
Download 20+ PAN-level reports in mins

Exports Under GST – Deemed Exports, Forms for Refunds

Updated on: Mar 12th, 2021


7 min read

social iconssocial iconssocial iconssocial icons

When we talk of exports under GST, we have to understand the laws and regulations applicable to the import and export of both services and goods. In this article, we give you the details of these laws to help you with your business.

Latest Updates:

1st February 2021
Union Budget 2021:
IGST Act was also amended for section 16 that defines a zero-rated supply. Three amendments are made
1. To state that supply to SEZ units /developers will be zero-rated only if it is authorised operations.
2. Only notified persons or supplies of goods/services can avail the status of zero-rated when IGST is paid.
3. foreign exchange remittance will be linked in case of export of goods with the refund.

Meaning of Import and Export of Goods under GST

Sub-Section 5 of section 2 of IGST Act, 2017 defines – “Export of Goods”, with its grammatical variations and cognate expressions, means taking out of India to a place outside India. Sub-Section 10 of section 2 of IGST Act, 2017 defines – “import of the goods” with its grammatical variations and cognate expressions, means bringing goods into India from a place outside India.

Meaning of Import and Export of Services under GST

“Import of Services” as defined under sub-section 11 of section of IGST Act, 2017 means the supply of any service, when –

  • The place of supply of service is in India;
  • The supplier of service is located outside India; and
  • The recipient of service is located in India

Supplies which do not form part of export of goods or services

  • Where the place of supply of service is within India but to a person located outside India. For an instance – a property located in Delhi rented out to a person residing in New York; agent residing in India and providing service to a person in Dubai exporting goods to China
  • Where the consideration for the supply of services is received in Indian currency or in such a currency other than convertible currency. For an instance, supply of service (consultancy service) by a consulting firm in India to an entity outside India, where the payment made by Indian branch of overseas entity is in Indian rupees
  • Supply of services to the foreign branch would not be covered as export of services due to specific exclusion as “export of service”. This could involve reversing the input credits as such supply of service would be considered as non-taxable and not as zero-rated

The definition of import of service given under GST also excludes services imported from a foreign branch.  

Deemed Exports under GST

Indian suppliers of services and manufacturers of goods have to quote in competition with foreign suppliers of goods and services. Such Bids evaluation is done without considering the customs duty. Since such supply of goods and services are financed for specific projects (projects financed) with the free foreign exchange, these supplies are considered as ‘deemed exports’. Similarly, supplies made to Export Oriented Units also known as EOUs and services do not leave the country. Suppliers get their payment in Indian currency and not in foreign exchange. “Deemed exports” generally refer to those transactions under which supply of goods do not leave the country, and payment for such supplies is received in Indian Rupees shall be treated as ‘deemed exports’, provided that goods are manufactured or produced in India. As per Foreign Trade Policy 2015-2020, followings are treated as deemed exports:

  • Supplies to EOU / STP / EHTP / BTP
  • Supplies against Advance Authorisation/ DFIA
  • Supply of goods to mega power projects against International Competitive Bidding
  • Supplies to United Nation Agencies
  • Supply of goods to nuclear projects through competitive bidding
  • Supply of marine freight containers
  • Supplies against EPCG authorization
  • Supplies to projects against international competitive bidding
  • Supplies to projects with zero customs duty

Treatment of Exports under GST

As per the provisions contained under IGST law, export of goods or services or both are to be regarded as “zero-rated supplies” and a person being a registered taxable person exporting such goods or services or both shall be allowed to claim the refund of the GST paid under one of the following two options:

  • Export of goods or services or both under bond or letter of undertaking (LUT) without paying any Integrated Tax and can claim the refund of unutilized input credit.
  • Export of goods and service or both on the payment of Integrated Tax and the exporter can claim the refund of the GST paid on such goods and services so exported. The above-mentioned refunds will be subject to certain rules, procedures, and safeguards as may be prescribed.

Option 1: Export of goods or services or both under bond or letter of undertaking (LUT), subject to certain rules, procedures and safeguards as may be prescribed, without payment of integrated tax, and then claim a refund of unutilized input credit.  

The registered taxable person (or exporter) is required to file an application for the refund on the common portal either through the facilitation center notified by the GST commissioner or can do so directly. An export manifest is required to be filed under the existing Customs Act before filing an application for refund.

Option 2: Any exporter or Embassy or United Nations or other organisations/ bodies/ agencies as specified in section 55 who supplies goods or services, or both, after satisfying all the conditions, rules, procedures and safeguards as may be prescribed; and paying the IGST, can claim the refund of such GST paid on the supplied goods or services, or both. The applicant seeking the refund has to apply for the refund as per the provisions contained U/s 54 of the CGST Act.

An exporter needs to file a shipping bill for the goods being exported to a place outside India. Under this case, the shipping bill so filed is treated as a “deemed application” for the refund of the tax paid. The deemed application shall be deemed to have been filed only if the person in charge of the shipment files the export manifest or report, mentioning the number and date of the shipping bills.

Forms for Refund

The Goods and Services Tax Network (GSTN) has introduced a utility Table 6A in the Form GSTR-1 used to claim refunds by exporters. This Table 6A of Form GSTR1 lets assessee file export related data for the relevant period that permits processing of the GST refund on the basis of the declaration made under Form GSTR 3B and Table 6A of GSTR-1. An exporter of goods or services or both can claim the refund of Integrated GST  paid at the time of export by filling the details of the tax paid GST invoice and shipping bill in his Form GSTR1 in the relevant month.

inline CTA
India’s Fastest and Most Advanced 2B Matching
Maximise ITC claims, use smart validations to correct your data and complete 2B matching in <1 minute

Clear offers taxation & financial solutions to individuals, businesses, organizations & chartered accountants in India. Clear serves 1.5+ Million happy customers, 20000+ CAs & tax experts & 10000+ businesses across India.

Efiling Income Tax Returns(ITR) is made easy with Clear platform. Just upload your form 16, claim your deductions and get your acknowledgment number online. You can efile income tax return on your income from salary, house property, capital gains, business & profession and income from other sources. Further you can also file TDS returns, generate Form-16, use our Tax Calculator software, claim HRA, check refund status and generate rent receipts for Income Tax Filing.

CAs, experts and businesses can get GST ready with Clear GST software & certification course. Our GST Software helps CAs, tax experts & business to manage returns & invoices in an easy manner. Our Goods & Services Tax course includes tutorial videos, guides and expert assistance to help you in mastering Goods and Services Tax. Clear can also help you in getting your business registered for Goods & Services Tax Law.

Save taxes with Clear by investing in tax saving mutual funds (ELSS) online. Our experts suggest the best funds and you can get high returns by investing directly or through SIP. Download Black by ClearTax App to file returns from your mobile phone.

Cleartax is a product by Defmacro Software Pvt. Ltd.

Company PolicyTerms of use


ISO 27001

Data Center


SSL Certified Site

128-bit encryption