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Section 89(1) of the Income Tax Act offers relief from receipt of past income in the current year for any change in taxation laws. The relief is provided by recalculating the tax outflow on such arrears of income according to the taxation rules applicable in both the years, year of receipt, and the year to which the income pertains. Any increase in the tax outflow due to change in taxation rules in the year of receipt is allowed as relief under section 89(1).
Tax is calculated on your total income received during the year. If your total income includes any past dues paid in the current year, you may be worried about paying a higher tax on such arrears (usually tax rates have gone up over the years). To save you from any additional burden of tax due to delay in receiving income, the tax laws allow a relief under Section 89(1). If you have received any portion of your salary in arrears or in advance, or you have received a family pension in arrears, you are allowed some tax relief under Section 89(1) read along with Rule 21A.
In simple words, you are saved from paying more tax because of delay in payment to you.
You can read in detail about how to calculate relief under Section 89(1) – Here
Starting income tax returns for the Financial Year 2014-15 (The Assessment Year 2015-16), the Income Tax Department has made it mandatory to file form 10E if you want to claim relief under Section 89(1). Taxpayers who have claimed relief under Section 89(1) but have not filed form 10E have received an income tax notice from the Tax Department stating that – The relief u/s 89 has not been allowed in your case, as the online form 10E has not been filed by you. The furnishing of Online form 10E is required as per sec.89 of the Income Tax Act
Form 10E can be filed online. Here are the following steps to file Form 10E online –