The GST Council has introduced a New Return System to improvise and simplify the return filing procedure in late 2018. The prototype and trial version was recently introduced in July 2019.
Currently, companies are required to file two monthly returns GSTR-3B and GSTR-1 providing details of outward and inward supplies, and the payment of tax. However, under the new mechanism, a taxpayer will have to file only one main called the FORM GST RET-1, which will have 2 annexures namely FORM GST ANX-1 and FORM GST ANX-2.
FORM GST ANX-1 will have details of outward supplies, inward supplies on which reverse charge is applicable, and import of goods and services. These details will be reported invoice-wise (except for B2C supplies) on a real-time basis. FORM GST ANX-2 will have details of inward supplies, for the recipient of supplies to take action by either accepting or rejecting these documents, or marking them as pending, for action to be taken later.
The new simplified returns under GST is based on the concept of a single return, and the frequency of filing the same will depend on the turnover of the entity.
Below are some of the benefits of simplified returns which makes its introduction a necessary move:
A normal taxpayer making B2C supplies, B2B supplies, inward supplies attracting reverse charge mechanism, NIL rated, zero-rated or supplies though e-commerce operators can file GST RET-1.
Large taxpayers (i.e. with turnover > Rs 5 crore in the previous FY) will have to file this return monthly, whereas small taxpayers (i.e. with turnover up to Rs 5 crore in the previous FY) can opt to file the return on a quarterly basis.
The new GST RET-1 contains 9 parts:
1. GSTIN: A taxpayer needs to input the GSTIN.
2. Basis details: Basic details such as trade name, legal name, etc. will be auto-populated on the basis of the GSTIN.
3. Summary of outward supplies, inward supplies attracting reverse charge, debit/credit notes etc. and tax liability: This table requires details of all outward supplies made to consumers and unregistered persons. It also requires details of all inward supplies on which reverse charge mechanism is applicable. The details in this table will get auto-populated from Annexure 1.
This summary is divided into five parts:
|A||Details of outward supplies||Below supplies should be reported here:
|B||Details of inward supplies attracting reverse charge||
Note: In both cases, values will be net of debit/credit notes and advances on which tax has already been paid at the time of payment.
|C||Details of debit/credit notes issued, advances received/adjusted and other reduction in liabilities||Below should be reported here:
|D||Details of supplies having no liability||Below supplies should be reported here:
|E||Total value and tax liability||Total value of supplies will be A+B+C+D and tax liability will be auto-populated.|
4. Summary of inward supplies for claiming ITC: This table requires details of all purchases in order to claim ITC. These details will get auto-populated from Annexure 1 and Annexure 2. This summary is divided into five parts:
|A||Details of ITC based on auto-population from FORM GST ANX-1 and action taken in FORM GST ANX-2 and other claims||Below amounts should be reported here:
Below amounts will be auto-populated from GST ANX-1:
Below amounts will be auto-populated from GST ANX-1:
|B||Details of reversals of credit||Below amounts should be reported here:
|C||Net input tax credit available after reversal||It is the difference between A and B above.|
|D||ITC declared during the first two months of the quarter||It will be auto-populated from Form GST PMT-08 for the first two months.
Note: This table is for quarterly return filers.
|E||Net ITC available||It is the difference between C and D above and the same will get posted to the electronic credit ledger for utilisation.|
5. Amount of TDS and TCS credit received in electronic cash ledger: Amounts will be credited in the electronic cash ledger based on returns filed by TDS deductors in Form GSTR -7 and TCS collectors in Form GSTR-8.
6. Interest and late fee liability details: The system auto calculates interest and late filing fee arising due to late filing of the return. All other interest liabilities need to be self-assessed by the taxpayer.
7. Payment of tax: A taxpayer needs to make payment of tax liability in cash after utilizing the ITC. However, any payment of interest or penalty should be made in cash.
8. Refund claimed from electronic cash ledger: This table will be auto-populated from the electronic cash ledger.
9. Verification: A taxpayer has to verify the information provided in all of the above tables by clicking on the checkbox and signing the return. A taxpayer can proceed to file the return only after verifying the details.
Annexure 1 is divided into three parts:
It contains table 3A to Table 3L which requires various details such as-
All supplies made through e-commerce operators liable to collect tax at source should be reported in this table.
Annexure 2 is divided into four parts:
The new GST return mechanism will be implemented in a phased manner. It will be launched on a trial basis from July to September 2019, which will help the taxpayers to familiarize themselves with the new mechanism. This will facilitate an easy transition. From October 2019, the new return filing system will be implemented in a phased manner. However, Form GST RET-1 will mandatorily replace GSTR 3B from January 2020 for all taxpayers.