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How To Save Tax For Salary Above 1 Crore?

By Sujaini Biswas


Updated on: Apr 10th, 2024


30 min read

The first step towards tax saving is to understand the country's tax structure. At present, there are two tax regimes operational in the country. The taxpayers now have the choice to pick a tax regime that can help them save more money. If you haven’t made any choice, you will be shifted to the new tax regime by default. 

If you want to know how to save tax on a 1 crore salary, this is just for you. 

Tax Slabs Under Old vs New Tax Regime

As per the new income tax guidelines, you can opt for either the new or the old regime while filing your taxes. Here is a difference between the two:

Tax Slab

FY 2023-24 Tax Rate (Old tax regime)

Tax Slab

FY 2023-24 Tax Rate (New tax regime)

Up to Rs 2,50,000


Up to Rs 3,00,000


Rs 2,50,000 – Rs 5,00,000


Rs 3,00,000 – Rs 6,00,000


Rs 5,00,000 – Rs 10,00,000


Rs 6,00,000 – Rs 9,00,000


Rs 10,00,000 and beyond


Rs 9,00,000 – Rs 12,00,000




Rs 12,00,000 – Rs 15,00,000




Rs 15,00,000 and beyond


If you file your taxes according to the new regime, you cannot avail most of the tax benefits. To calculate your tax liability using both regimes, you may use the old vs new tax regime calculator

Tax Saving Options - New Tax Regime

 Here are Points to Note under the New Tax Regime if you are a salaried individual having more than Rs 1 crore Salary: 

  • Surcharge Rates if income exceeds Rs. 50 lakhs are as follows
    • Taxable income > 50,00,000 = Surcharge 10%
    • Taxable income > 1,00,00,000 = Surcharge 15%
    • Taxable income > 2,00,00,000 = Surcharge 25%
  • Health and Education Cess of 4% is applicable on gross tax liability plus a surcharge
  • Finance Act 2023 has capped the maximum surcharge limit under the New Tax Regime at 25%.

Tax Exemption and Deductions available under the New Tax Regime

  • Transport allowances in case of a specially-abled person.
  • Conveyance allowance received to meet the conveyance expenditure incurred as part of the employment.
  • Any compensation received to meet the cost of travel on tour or transfer.
  • Daily allowance received to meet the ordinary regular charges or expenditures you incur on account of absence from his regular place of duty.
  • Perquisites for official purposes
  • Exemption on voluntary retirement 10(10C), gratuity u/s 10(10) and Leave encashment u/s 10(10AA)
  • Interest on Home Loan on the let-out property (Section 24)
  • Gifts up to Rs 50,000
  • Deduction for employer’s contribution to NPS account [Section 80CCD(2)]
  • Deduction for additional employee cost (Section 80JJAA)
  • Standard deduction of Rs 50,000 under the New Tax Regime applicable from FY 2023-24
  • Deduction under Section 57(iia) of family pension income
  • Amount paid or deposited in the Agniveer Corpus Fund under Section 80CCH(2).

Tax Saving Options - Old Tax Regime

If you fall above 1 crore tax slab, here is the tax slab under the old regime. Here are few Points to Note 

  • Surcharge Rates if income exceeds Rs. 50 lakhs are as follows
    • Taxable income > 50,00,000 = Surcharge 10%
    • Taxable income > 1,00,00,000 = Surcharge 15%
    • Taxable income > 2,00,00,000 = Surcharge 25%
    • Taxable income > 5,00,00,000 = Surcharge 37%
  • Once you find your gross payable tax liability, an additional 4% of Health and Education Cess shall also be applicable on gross tax liability plus surcharge.
  • The above slab rates are applicable for Individual aged less than 60. For individuals aged between 60-80 basic exemption limit will be Rs. 3,00,000, and For individuals aged more than 80 basic exemption limit will be Rs. 5,00,000 

Tax Exemption and Deductions available under the Old Tax Regime


Standard Deduction 

Rs. 50,000 available for all the salaried employees.

Paying health insurance policy premium (Section 80D)

Self, your spouse, and your dependent children: 

Rs 25,000 (Rs 50,000 if aged 60 and above)

Parents: Rs 25,000 (Rs 50,000 if aged 60 and above)

Opting for an education loan (Section 80E)

Interest deduction for 8 years from the year of repayment of loan taken for the higher education of yourself, your spouse, dependent children, or a student of whom you are the legal guardian

Donating to charity (Section 80G)

50% or 100% of the eligible amount

Investing in tax saving instruments (Section 80C)

Tax benefit of Rs.1,50,000 per year. You can invest in the 

following options:

– Employees’ Provident Fund (EPF)

– Public Provident Fund (PPF)

– Equity Linked Saving Scheme funds (ELSS)

– Home loan repayment and Stamp duty

– Sukanya Smriddhi Yojana (SSY)

– National Savings Certificate (NSC)

– Fixed Deposit for 5 years, and more

Costs to treat disabled dependents (Section 80DD)

If you have disabled dependents for whom you bear 

medical expenses, you are eligible for the tax relief: 

– 40% disability: Rs.75,000

– 80% disability: Rs.1,25,000

Deductions on home loan payments

Principal amount: Upto Rs 1.5 lakhs u/s 80C

Interest amount: Upto Rs 2 lakhs paid u/s 24b  

Maturity amount of a Life Insurance Policy

Maturity proceeds are tax exempt if the sum assured is ≤:

– 20%: policies issued before 1 April 2012

– 10%: policies issued after 1 April 2012

– 15%: policies issued after 1 April 2013 for a person with disability or disease.


House Rent Allowance (HRA)

Exempt up to a certain limit. Calculate now

Leave Travel Allowance (LTA)

Actual travel ticket expenses exempt for two2 trips in 4 years under 10(5). Read more

Mobile/ Internet reimbursement 

Exempt if:

– used predominantly for office purposes – proofs/bills submitted

Children's Education and hostel Allowance

Rs 4800 per child (max 2 children)


Rs 50 per meal (max 2 meals a day)Annual= Rs. 26,400 (50*2*22 days*12 months)

Professional Tax

Generally Rs 2,400 (Varies from state to state)

There are several other deductions and exemptions as well. But this is just to give you a brief idea of the most commonly availed exemptions and deductions.

Example under New and Old Tax Regime for the Salary Above 1 Crore

Let’s take an example for better understanding: 

Mr. A has a Salary income of Rs.1.2 Crores. He is also claiming the following deduction and exemption. Calculate tax liability under the Old Tax Regime and New Tax Regime

  1. HRA exemption = Rs 1,80,000
  2. LTA exemption = Rs. 55,000
  3. Children's Education and Hostel Allowance =Rs. 9,600
  4. Profession Tax = Rs. 2,400
  5. Investment in PPF, ELSS = Rs. 1,50,000
  6. Medical insurance premium towards Parents = Rs. 50,000
  7. Interest on education loan = Rs. 55,000


Old tax regime

New tax regime

Gross Salary u/s 17(1)



Less: Exemption u/s 10


HRA Exemption


LTA Exemption


Children's education and hostel allowance


Less: Deduction u/s 16


Standard deduction



Profession Tax


Income under the Head Salary



Less: Deduction under Chapter VI-A


Section 80C


Section 80D


Section 80E


Net Total Income



Income Tax (Including Surcharge and Cess)



Less: Rebate u/s 87A



Tax Liability (Including Cess)



In the above calculation, the tax under the Old Tax Regime is lower than the New Tax Regime. This is due to the deductions and exemptions claimed and allowed under the Old Tax Regime. Careful comparison according to the specific Individual must be made before opting for the appropriate Tax Regime.

Final Word

Now that you are aware of the two operational tax regimes, you can easily do your tax planning for a salary above Rs 1 crore. There are several schemes, especially under the old tax regime, that can help you substantially bring down your tax liability. On the other hand, the multiple slabs under the new regime can help you avail lower tax rates. Make sure to plan everything well in advance so that you do not miss out on tax savings. 

Related Articles:

How To Save Tax For Salary Above 7 Lakhs?

How To Save Tax For Salary Above 12 Lakhs?

How To Save Tax For Salary Above 10 Lakhs?

How To Save Tax For Salary Above 15 lakhs?

How To Save Tax For Salary Above 20 Lakhs?

How To Save Tax For Salary Above 30 Lakhs?

How To Save Tax For Salary Above 50 Lakhs?

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the Surcharge on Rs 1 crore income on the old and new tax regime?

Surcharge on Rs 1 Crore income both in old and new tax regime is 15%.

What is the deduction on Rs 1 Crore salary ?

For Rs 1 Crore Salary tax liability will be as follows and tds will be deducted by your employer accordingly over a period of 12 months

ParticularOld RegimeNew Regime
Total Income1,00,00,0001,00,00,000
Less : Standard deduction50,00050,000
Section 80C deduction150,0000
Taxable Income98,00,00099,50,000
Total tax liability31,48,86030,71,840
What is the CTC breakup of Rs 1 crore salary?

Your CTC for Rs 1 Crore will depend upon the Bonus , PF contribution , PT deduction , TDS deduction. Your employer might also provide you will FBP - Fixable benefit plan which allows you to customise your salary component also.

About the Author

A manager by day and a sloth by night. I enjoy writing on topics like personal finance and investments. With 10 years of experience in fintech, creating content that resonates with readers is my forte. Read more


Quick Summary

Taxpayers can choose between old and new tax regimes based on their salary to save more money. Different tax slabs and saving options available under both regimes, emphasizing deductions, exemptions, and surcharges. Tax liability comparison for a salary exceeding 1 crore illustrates the impact of deductions on Old vs. New Tax Regime. Proper tax planning is crucial for maximizing savings under either regime.

Was this summary helpful?

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