Standard Deduction – Union Budget 2018
The Finance Minister Jaitley introduced Standard Deduction of Rs. 40,000 in Budget 2018, giving the salaried class something to rejoice about. It replaced the transport allowance Rs. 19200 and medical reimbursement of Rs. 15,000 per annum
Interestingly, the provision of Standard Deduction was earlier available. However, it was abolished in the Finance Act 2005. They are usually deducted from the gross salary and claimed as an exemption. The government has proposed requisite amendments to Section 17(2)(viii) of the Income-tax Act, 1961. As a result, the effective additional benefit on account of the standard deduction would be an additional income exemption of Rs 5800.
Standard Deduction – Interim Budget 2019
The Interim Budget presented on 1 February 2019 included numerous tax benefits for the salaried and the middle class. Among them, an additional amount of Rs. 10,000 to the Standard Deduction is a noteworthy move. With the Standard Deduction being Rs 50,000 now, it will help taxpayers immensely to reduce their tax outgo
Let us understand this with a small example:
From the above, it is evident that the taxable salary has come down on account of the standard deduction.
||Until AY 2018-19
||From AY 2019-20
||From AY 2020-21
|Gross Salary (in Rs.)
|(-) Transport Allowance
|(-) Medical Allowance
|(-) Standard Deduction
Taxpayers Receiving Pension
In a recent clarification issued by the income tax department, if a taxpayer has received a pension from the former employer, it is taxable under the head ‘Salaries’. Therefore, the taxpayer can claim a standard deduction of Rs. 40,000* or the amount of pension, whichever is less.
*Increased to Rs 50,000 for FY 2019-2020(AY 2020-21) through the Interim Budget 2019.
All said and done, though the impact of this amendment for the salaried may appear to be minimal, employers, with this move, would stand to gain in terms of being spared of a whole lot of administrative efforts in processing medical bills of its employees. Perhaps, that was the intention of the legislature.