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Impact of GST Rate on Domestic Appliances and Electrical Machinery



Updated on: Oct 4th, 2022


4 min read

In the modern age, many electronic appliances have become part of basic needs. Every household has a fridge, washing machine, vacuum cleaner, chimney etc for the fulfilment of basic needs. We will discuss the impact of the GST rates on such appliances. We will also discuss the rates declared for electrical machinery.

Tax rates on household electronic appliances in the Pre-GST regime

The average VAT rate on most of household appliances is charged around 11-12.5% in most of the states. Excise duty is charged at the rate of 12.5% on household electronic appliances. An average total tax at the rate of around 25-26% on such goods (including CST and other local taxes)

GST rates on electrical machinery

5% GST
12% GST
18% GST
28% GST

Impact of GST on domestic appliances and electrical machinery

Handlooms used in the handicraft industry are the only machinery charged at the NIL rate of tax under GST. Most of the electrical machinery are charged tax at a similar rate to the rate declared under GST. The prices are going to stay neutral for the end consumer of the above electrical machinery.

Although the manufacturers using electrical machinery will benefit from the availability of input tax credit on the services used which was not available under VAT. The rate for each household electronic appliance like the dishwasher, AC, etc is fixed at the rate of 28% under GST. It has increased the tax burden by 2-3% under GST which is passed on to the final consumer.

Manufacturers of household electronic appliances such as Samsung, Godrej, Voltas, etc may not be able to provide any benefit of GST to the end consumer due to the tax rate of 28%.

Placement of the basic appliances such as fridges and washing machines, earlier under 28% was dropped to be taxed at 18% by the government.

Clarifications are also required for the treatment of the current tax exemptions or deductions provided by the different states. Manufacturers in Mumbai would be the only ones getting relief under GST as they are charged octroi at the rate of 5% after the other taxes( average 25-26%) on household electronic appliances.

It is expected that the expected inflation and rise in the tax rate would increase the price of television, fridge, vacuum cleaner or air-conditioners. The price of commercial electrical machinery is expected to stay neutral.

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About the Author

DVSR Anjaneyulu, known by the name AJ, I've got a vast experience in accounting, finance, taxes and audit. I'm always keen to simplify laws for the readers and learn about the Indian finance ecosystem. I also love listening to music, travelling, and, most importantly, conversing with people to better understand the world.. Read more


Quick Summary

In the modern age, household electronic appliances like fridges, washing machines, and vacuum cleaners have become basic needs. GST rates have affected the prices of these appliances. Tax rates in the pre-GST regime were around 25-26%. Electrical machinery under GST includes handlooms tax-free. Most electrical machinery are taxed similarly under GST, with household appliances fixed at 28%. The impact on manufacturers and consumers varies.

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