Finance Act 2021 inserted a new section 194P which provided conditions for exempting senior citizens from filing income tax returns aged 75 years and above. New Section 194P will become applicable from 1st April 2021.
Section 194P was introduced in Budget 2021 to provide conditional relief to senior citizens above the age of 75 years from filing the income tax return.
Section 139 of the Income Tax Act governs the filing of income tax returns by every individual with income above the basic exemption limit.
However, Union Budget 2021 in order to provide relief in terms of compliance burden for filing returns, exempted senior citizens above 75 years of age from filing the income tax return, subject to the following conditions:
Once the specified bank, as mentioned above, deducts tax for senior citizens above 75 years of age, there will be no requirement to furnish income tax returns by senior citizens.
The specified bank as mentioned above shall deduct TDS on the basis of a declaration submitted by the senior citizen to the bank.
The declaration should contain the below-mentioned details :
A senior citizen must submit a declaration using Form No. 12BBA. Once the older citizen has filed the declaration, the bank will compute the gross total income (pension plus interest income). To calculate net taxable income, the bank will also consider the deductions, tax exemptions, and rebates available to elderly citizens under Section 87A. After deducting deductions and rebates, the bank would now deduct TDS for older persons.
The bank will request proof of deductions and tax exemptions that the senior person is entitled to when filing the declaration. If they choose the previous income tax regime, this will be required. If the older citizen chooses the new income tax regime, no investment proof will be required.
Once the specified bank as mentioned above deducts TDS under section 194P, the provisions of section 139 (return filing) will not apply to senior citizens aged 75 years and above. This means that if the specified bank deducts TDS under this section, then the senior citizen need not file their ITR.