TDS filing made simple!

  • Expert assisted help
  • Rated premium services
  • Dedicated Relationship manager
Get Started

Get Expert Assistance

Thank You for sharing your details. Our experts will get in touch with you shortly

Section 194M – TDS on payment to resident contractors and professionals

Updated on: Apr 5th, 2024


5 min read

The Budget 2019 proposed various changes in the existing sections of the income tax laws. Along with the changes, this budget also introduced some new Sections for TDS such as 194M and 194N.

194M – TDS on payment to resident contractors and professionals

194N – TDS on cash withdrawal in excess of Rs 1 crore

What is Section 194M?

An individual and/or Hindu undivided family (HUF) has to deduct tax at source under Section 194M. Such individuals and HUF must not be required to get their books of accounts audited. Books of Accounts are required to be audited if total turnover or receipts of a business exceed Rs. 1 crore or where receipts of a profession exceed Rs. 50 lakh. Read more in detail here.

It applies when the total amount paid to a resident individual, for carrying out any contractual work or commission/brokerage paid (not being insurance commission) or providing any professional service, in a financial year exceeds Rs 50,00,000.

If they are required to get Books of Accounts audited, TDS deduction is applicable as per Section 194C, 194H and 194J. The individual and/or HUF who have to deduct TDS under Section 194C (TDS on payment to a contractor), 194H (Commision or brokerage) and 194J (TDS on payment on professional fees) do not have to deduct tax at source under Section 194M.

The individual or HUFs who has to deduct tax can pay the tax to the government by quoting his or her PAN only. Not required to get a tax deduction account number (TAN) for TDS deduction.

Payments to non-residents are not covered under this section.

Reason for the introduction of Section 194M

The finance bill, 2019 has introduced Section 194M, regarding tax deduction at source from any money paid by an individual or HUF to a resident contractor when the services are provided for personal use. Therefore, this section applies to personal as well as business related payments.

Before the introduction of this section, there was no liability on an individual or HUF to deduct tax at source in the situation mentioned above.

Also, the individuals or HUFs carrying business or profession (not subjected to any audit) were also not deducting any tax at source, even when the payment was made for the purpose of business or profession.

A major amount of payment made for contractual works, commission/brokerage (other than insurance commission_ and professional fees was escaping the levy of TDS because of this exemption, creating a scope for tax evasion.

What is the meaning of ‘work’, ‘contract’, and ‘professional services’ in Section 194M

Work: The expression, “work” in this section would include:

  • Advertising
  • Broadcasting and telecasting including production of programs for such broadcasting or telecasting.
  • Carriage of goods and passengers by any mode of transportation, other than railways.
  • Catering.
  • Manufacturing or supplying a product according to the requirement or specification of a customer by using material purchased from such customer. But does not include manufacturing or supplying a product according to the requirements or specifications of a customer by using material purchased from a person, other than such a customer.

Professional services: The phrase, professional services in this section would include:

  • Legal
  • Medical
  • Engineering
  • Architectural
  • Accountancy
  •  Technical consultancy
  • Interior decoration
  • Any other professional service as notified by the government

Contract: This expression includes sub-contract.

Who has to deduct TDS u/s 194M?

The person being an individual or HUF, who has to make payment to a resident for a contract work completed or comission/brokerage paid(other than insurance commission) or any professional service provided, will have to deduct tax at source under 194M.

As per the Union Budget 2019, any individual/HUF paying any sum to a resident, for carrying out any work (including the supply of labour) under any contract or by way of fees for professional services rendered during the financial year, exceeding Rs 50,00,000 in a year will have to deduct TDS at 5%. 

This section will be effective from 1 September 2019 onwards. TDS amount will be deducted on any payment made after this date even if the contract existed before, provided the payment exceeds Rs 50,00,000.

When can one deduct tax at source under 194M?

TDS amount will be deducted on the earlier of the following dates:

  • At the time of credit of the amount.
  • At the time of payment by cash or by the issue of a cheque or draft.

Rate of TDS under Section 194M

TDS at 5% will be deducted under 194M if the total amount paid to a resident exceeds Rs 50,00,000 in a particular financial year. 

In case the PAN of the deductee is not available, then TDS will be deducted at 20%.

What is the time limit on depositing TDS?

The person responsible for deducting tax under section 194M shall file Form 26QD. The due date to file Form 26QD is within 30 days from the end of the month in which you made the payment. For example, if you paid on 1st December 2023, the due date for TDS payment is on or before 30th January 2024.  

Certificate of Tax Deducted Under Section 194M

The person who deducts tax under section 194M shall furnish a certificate under Form no. 16D to the payee within 15 days of the due date of furnishing the challan cum statement in Form 26QD.

For better understanding, read more related articles:

Frequently Asked Questions

Who is responsible to deduct tax under Section 194M?

An individual or HUF, other than those required to deduct tax under section 194C or 194H or 194J is responsible to deduct tax under section 194M.

What is the rate at which tax should be deducted under Section 194M?

As per Section 194M, TDS shall be deducted at the rate of 5%. If the payee fails to furnish PAN, tax should be deducted at the rate of 20%.

What is the maximum limit upto which no tax needs to be deducted under section 194M?

No tax needs to be deducted when such payment or aggregate amount of payments made to a resident does not exceed Rs.50 lakhs in a financial year.

Should the persons responsible to deduct tax under section 194M obtain a TAN number?

Persons responsible to deduct tax under this section are not required to possess or obtain a TAN (Tax Deduction account number) for the purpose of deducting tax under this section.

Which form is to be filed by the person who has deducted tax under Section 194M?

The person has to file Form 26QD who has deducted tax under Section 194M within 30 days from the end of the month in which payment is made.


Quick Summary

The Budget 2019 introduced new TDS Sections like 194M & 194N. Section 194M focuses on TDS for resident contractors and professionals. TDS applies when payments exceed Rs 50,00,000. No need for audited accounts for those paying under Section 194M. Quoting PAN suffices for tax payments. The section doesn't cover payments to non-residents. TDS at 5% if payment exceeds Rs 50,00,000.

Was this summary helpful?

Clear offers taxation & financial solutions to individuals, businesses, organizations & chartered accountants in India. Clear serves 1.5+ Million happy customers, 20000+ CAs & tax experts & 10000+ businesses across India.

Efiling Income Tax Returns(ITR) is made easy with Clear platform. Just upload your form 16, claim your deductions and get your acknowledgment number online. You can efile income tax return on your income from salary, house property, capital gains, business & profession and income from other sources. Further you can also file TDS returns, generate Form-16, use our Tax Calculator software, claim HRA, check refund status and generate rent receipts for Income Tax Filing.

CAs, experts and businesses can get GST ready with Clear GST software & certification course. Our GST Software helps CAs, tax experts & business to manage returns & invoices in an easy manner. Our Goods & Services Tax course includes tutorial videos, guides and expert assistance to help you in mastering Goods and Services Tax. Clear can also help you in getting your business registered for Goods & Services Tax Law.

Save taxes with Clear by investing in tax saving mutual funds (ELSS) online. Our experts suggest the best funds and you can get high returns by investing directly or through SIP. Download Black by ClearTax App to file returns from your mobile phone.

Cleartax is a product by Defmacro Software Pvt. Ltd.

Company PolicyTerms of use


ISO 27001

Data Center


SSL Certified Site

128-bit encryption