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The Budget 2019 proposed various changes in the existing sections of the income tax laws. Along with the changes, this budget also introduced some new Sections for TDS such as 194M and 194N.
194M – TDS on payment to resident contractors and professionals
194N – TDS on cash withdrawal in excess of Rs 1 crore
An individual and/or Hindu undivided family (HUF) has to deduct tax at source under Section 194M. Such individuals and HUF must not be required to get their books of accounts audited. Books of Accounts are required to be audited if total turnover or receipts of a business exceed Rs. 1 crore or where receipts of a profession exceed Rs. 50 lakh. Read more in detail here.
It applies when the total amount paid to a resident individual, for carrying out any contractual work or providing any professional service, in a financial year exceeds Rs 50,00,000.
If they are required to get Books of Accounts audited, TDS deduction is applicable as per Section 194C and 194J. The individual and/or HUF who have to deduct TDS under Section 194C (TDS on payment to a contractor) and 194J (TDS on payment on professional fees) do not have to deduct tax at source under Section 194M.
The individual or HUFs who has to deduct tax can pay the tax to the government by quoting his or her PAN only. Not required to get a tax deduction account number (TAN) for TDS deduction.
Payments to non-residents are not covered under this section.
The finance bill, 2019 has introduced Section 194M, regarding tax deduction at source from any money paid by an individual or HUF to a resident contractor when the services are provided for personal use. Therefore, this section applies to personal as well as business related payments.
Before the introduction of this section, there was no liability on an individual or HUF to deduct tax at source in the situation mentioned above.
Also, the individuals or HUFs carrying business or profession (not subjected to any audit) were also not deducting any tax at source, even when the payment was made for the purpose of business or profession.
A major amount of payment made for contractual works and professional fees was escaping the levy of TDS because of this exemption, creating a scope for tax evasion.
Work: The expression, “work” in this section would include:
Professional services: The phrase, professional services in this section would include:
Contract: This expression includes sub-contract.
The person being an individual or HUF, who has to make payment to a resident for a contract work completed or any professional service provided, will have to deduct tax at source under 194M.
As per the Union Budget 2019, any individual/HUF paying any sum to a resident, for carrying out any work (including the supply of labour) under any contract or by way of fees for professional services rendered during the financial year, exceeding Rs 50,00,000 in a year will have to deduct TDS at 5%. The TDS rate is 3.75% for transactions from 14 May 2020 until 31 March 2021.
This section will be effective from 1 September 2019 onwards. TDS amount will be deducted on any payment made after this date even if the contract existed before, provided the payment exceeds Rs 50,00,000.
TDS amount will be deducted on the earlier of the following dates:
TDS at 5% will be deducted under 194M if the total amount paid to a resident exceeds Rs 50,00,000 in a particular financial year. The TDS rate is 3.75% for transactions from 14 May 2020 until 31 March 2021
In case the PAN of the deductee is not available, then TDS will be deducted at 20%.
a. When any payment is made by or on behalf of the government – The TDS amount will have to be paid to the department on the day of the payment.
b. Where any payment is made by any other person apart from the government:
Such TDS should be paid as below in challan cum statement Form 26QD:
The person who deducts tax under section 194M shall furnish a certificate under Form no. 16D to the payee within 15 days of the due date of furnishing the challan cum statement in Form 26QD.
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