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Vaibhav recently spotted a lucrative investment opportunity in the FMCG sector. He is interested in taking the benefit of the equity wave. However, he lacks the requisite investing acumen. He thinks venturing out in the waters would be pretty risky without proper knowledge. You, like Vaibhav, may desire to take advantage of such short-term opportunities but don’t know how to go about it. You can go with the sector and thematic funds! Sector funds and thematic funds belong to the category of equity mutual funds.
These funds are a stark contrast to diversified equity funds. Sector funds focus on specific sectors or industry like banking, pharma, information technology, real estate, energy, etc.
Thematic funds, on the other hand, invest in stocks which are well-defined around a particular opportunity. These might look similar to sector funds but may consist of several sectors. You may perceive these to be much more diversified than sector funds.
If you invest your money in a sector that has high-growth potential, you’ll notice that the funds tend to increase substantially in price when the product demand is high. So, if the growth trend for that particular sector or theme predicts continual demand, then your investment is a good one.
While higher growth in the chosen sector represents good news for the investor, a downturn in the sector represents heavy losses. The reason behind this is the lack of diversification in holdings. Investing in a sector fund is equivalent to putting all of one’s eggs in one basket; if the basket were to fall, the eggs would all break. Thematic funds, although more diversified than sector funds, are also dependant entirely on one particular theme.
Before investing in sector or thematic funds, it is recommended that you keep the following points in mind:
A keen understanding of the sector or theme is essential because, in such funds, you play the role of the fund manager. The timing of the investment must be carefully decided. There’s no point in entering the sector or theme when it has already delivered. Also, the exit timing must be cautiously administered to get the best returns.
While sector and thematic funds can give you high returns when they are doing well, the downside can erode your gains very quickly. The following table shows how different sector fund categories have done in comparison to diversified multi-cap equity funds over different periods.
|Sector funds versus diversified equity funds|
|1-year returns (%)||3-year returns (%)||5-year returns (%)||10-year returns (%)|
|Diversified equity funds||21.74||14.57||18.50||9.84|
As on 30 October 2017, it is also important to note that if a particular sector is expected to do well, the fund manager of a diversified mutual fund would also have exposure to that sector. Hence, you won’t be missing out on a hot industry or theme if you are investing in a diversified mutual fund. Sudden losses and sudden gains are a part of sector fund investments. So be prepared to keep a keen eye on the economic progress of your chosen sector and be ready to exit quickly.