Log In Sign Up

FREE GST Billing & Return Filing at ClearTax GST

File GST Returns
Create GST Bills

In this article, we shall discuss the benefits of registering under the GST Composition Scheme even if you are not liable for GST Registration according to turnover.

Benefits of Composition Scheme

What is the Composition Scheme Under GST?

Section 10 of the GST law contains the provision with respect to the registration of a taxpayer under composition scheme. The basic principle underlying the composition scheme is to minimize the burden of compliance for small taxpayers. There are around 8 million taxpayers that are expected to be migrated from the current laws into the GST regime. However, many of these taxpayers will have limited turnover and may not have requisite resources and expertise to comply with all the procedures mentioned under the GST.

Accordingly, the government has come up with composition scheme wherein any taxpayer whose turnover is below Rs 1.5 crore* can choose not to register as a normal taxpayer. Instead, he may choose to get registered as a taxpayer under composition scheme and pay taxes on his supplies at a nominal rate. However, he shall not be eligible to issue a tax invoice and cannot utilize the credit of input tax paid as a result thereof.


*Latest update as per 23rd GST Council Meeting held on 10th Nov 2017

  • Threshold for composition scheme to be increased to Rs. 1.5 crore (from earlier 1 crore)
  • Due date of FORM GSTR-4 for the quarter July-September, 2017 is extended to 24.12.2017

Benefits of Registering under GST Composition Scheme

Below are some of the prominent reasons why you should choose to get registered as a supplier under the composition scheme:

  • Limited Compliance:  Under the composition scheme, the taxpayer is required to furnish quarterly return only, and thus he need not worry on record keeping and can focus on his business more rather than being occupied in compliance procedures.
  • Limited Tax Liability: Another benefit of getting registered under the composition scheme is that the tax rate for such taxpayer is nominal under the GST Law. 



Refer the table below to understand the benefit for small taxpayers:

Particulars Description Registered as a Normal Taxpayer Description Registered as a Taxpayer under Composition Scheme
A Total Sale Value 118000 Total Sale Value 118000
B Sales Value exclusive of taxes 100000 Sales value inclusive of taxes 119180
C GST @ 18% on sales value 18000 GST @ 1% on sales value 1180*
D Input Purchases 70000 Input Purchases 70000
E GST @ 18% 12600 GST @ 18% 12600
F Total Purchase Value (D+E) 82600 Total Purchase Value (D+E) 82600
G Net GST Liability (C-E) 5400 Net GST Liability (only C) 1180
H Net Profit {A-(F+G)} 30000 Net Profit {A-(F+G)} 33086

*Under composition scheme, a supplier cannot collect tax separately in an invoice. Here breakup is given only for reference and understanding purpose.

Thus if you see in above example, a supplier registered under the composition scheme and supplying such goods to the consumer at similar rates is earning more profit and his tax liability is also lower.

  • High Liquidity: One of the major benefits of registering as a composition supplier is high fund availability in the business. A normal taxpayer will be required to pay output tax on his supplies at a standard rate and any credit of input is available only when his own supplier files a return online which shall reconcile with his own return. Thus a large chunk of his working capital will always remain blocked in the form of input credit. However for a supplier registered under the composition scheme, output liability will be nominal and he does not need to bother about return filing by his supplier. Thus if we refer to the above-mentioned case, for a normal taxpayer, apart from a higher tax liability of Rs. 3085 (5400-2315), a sum of Rs. 12,600 will remain blocked as input credit until his supplier file the required return. On the other hand, a supplier under the composition scheme is required to pay only Rs. 2315.
  • Level Playing Field: Just because a taxpayer has chosen to get registered under the composition scheme, it doesn’t necessarily mean he is losing the competitive edge. Since the profit margin of a supplier in composition scheme is more than a large taxpayer, such supplier can outplay the economies of scale of large enterprises by offering competitive prices and have a better hold on the local market of supply. Thus composition scheme ensures the interest of small suppliers carrying out intrastate transactions and provides with a sustainable and competitive supply market.

Hence, it can be said that composition scheme will be a growth driver for small taxpayers who are carrying out intrastate transaction and not import-export of goods. If any taxpayer carries out interstate transactions or gets into import-export transaction then the benefit of composition scheme is not available to such taxpayer and such suppliers are required to get registered as a normal taxpayer.

Further reading: Drawbacks of the GST Composition Scheme.

Simplify Your GST Filing & Invoicing

Get Trained & Try Cleartax GST Software for FREE

Start Free GST Software Trial & Training

Simplify Your GST Filing & Invoicing

Get Trained & Try Cleartax GST Software for FREE

Use GST Software