Updated on: Nov 7th, 2023
5 min read
The Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) issued a notification on 22 January 2019 that specific companies having outstanding dues to the MSME (Micro, Small and Medium) enterprises have to file the particulars of all current outstanding dues in Form MSME-1 with the ROC (Registrar of Companies).
Companies need to identify if their suppliers are registered or not under the MSME Act, 2006. When the suppliers are registered under the MSME Act, and there are outstanding dues by a company to the MSME suppliers, it must file Form MSME-1.
Specified companies should file Form MSME-1 when payments are due to MSME for more than 45 days from the date of acceptance of the services or goods, along with the reason for its delay. Specified companies are companies-
The MSME Development Act, 2006 (MSMED) strengthens the provisions relating to delayed payments to the MSMEs by providing the maximum credit period and penal interest for delay in payment. When there is a delay in payment by the companies, they must mention the reason for such delay in their statement of accounts.
Section 15 of the MSMED Act states that where the suppliers render services or supply goods to any buyer, the buyers should make payment on or before the agreed date between them and the suppliers. When there is no agreed date for payment between the MSME supplier and buyer, the buyer must make payment before the appointed date. The appointed date means fifteen days from the date of acceptance.
Section 15 also states that the period of credit granted by the seller should not exceed 45 days from the acceptance date or date of deemed acceptance. To strengthen this provision further, the MCA introduced Form MSME-1. Every company that has obtained services or goods from an MSME supplier and has outstanding payment for more than 45 days must disclose it to the ROC by filing the MSME-1 return.
The MSME-1 is a half-yearly return that the specified companies need to file regarding their outstanding payments to the MSME. In this manner, the ROC can keep track of the companies that have outstanding dues towards MSMEs and the MSME suppliers who need to receive payments.
However, companies have to file this return only when they have payments outstanding for more than 45 days to the MSME supplier. The companies need not file a ‘Nil MSME-1 Return’ when there are no outstanding amounts with the MSME suppliers.
MSME-1 is a half-yearly return that the specified companies must file with the MCA. Below are the due dates for filing Form MSME-1:
|Due Date||Period for which MSME-1 is filed|
|30 April||For October-March period|
|31 October||For April-September period|
Non-compliance with filing MSME-1 by the specified companies will attract a penalty under Section 405(4) of the Companies Act, 2013. As per Section 405(4), if any company fails to file MSME-1, the company and every officer in default will be liable to a penalty of Rs.20,000. In case of continuing failure, the company and every officer in default will be liable for a further penalty of Rs.1,000 for each day the failure continues, subject to a maximum of Rs.3 lakh.
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