1st February 2021
Union Budget 2021: With respect to orders received on detention and seizure of goods and conveyance, 25% of the penalty needs to be paid for making an application of appeals under section 107 of the CGST Act. The date of applicability is yet to be notified.
3rd April 2020
The time limit for completion or compliance has been extended to 30th June 2020, where the time limit/ date of expiry falls between the period from 20th March 2020 to 29th June 2020. It includes the time limit to file an appeal before the appellate authority under the GST law or the High Court or the Supreme Court including the admission and processing of the appeal.
Any appeal under any law is an application to a higher court for a reversal of the decision of a lower court. Appeals arise when there are any legal disputes.
Tax laws (or any law) impose obligations. Such obligations are broadly of two kinds: tax-related and procedure-related. The taxpayer’s compliance with these obligations is verified by the tax officer (through audit, anti-evasion, examining etc.). Sometimes there are situations of actual or perceived non-compliance. If the difference in views persists, it results into a dispute, which is then required to be resolved. The initial resolution of this dispute is done by a departmental officer by a quasi-judicial process resulting into the issue of an initial order known by various names -assessment order, adjudication order, order-in-original, etc. GST Act defines the phrase “adjudicating authority” as any authority competent to pass any order or decision under this Act, but does not include the Board, the First Appellate Authority and the Appellate Tribunal. Thus, in a way, any decision or order passed under the Act is an act of “adjudication”. Some examples are:- cancellation of registration, best judgment assessment, decision on a refund claim, imposition of a penalty.
|Appeal level||Orders passed by….||Appeal to ——-||Sections of Act|
|1st||Adjudicating Authority||First Appellate Authority||107|
|2nd||First Appellate Authority||Appellate Tribunal||109,110|
|3rd||Appellate Tribunal||High Court||111-116|
|4th||High Court||Supreme Court||117-118|
Should every appeal be made to both CGST & SGST authorities? No. As per the GST Act, CGST & SGST/UTGST officers are both empowered to pass orders. As per the Act, an order passed under CGST will also be deemed to apply to SGST. However, if an officer under CGST has passed an order, any appeal/review/ revision/rectification against the order will lie only with the officers of CGST. Similarly, for SGST, for any order passed by the SGST officer the appeal/review/revision/rectification will lie with the proper officer of SGST only.
To file an appeal under GST to the Appellate Authority, you can follow the procedure detailed in this article here.
An applicant can file an appeal before the Appellate Authority within three months from the date of communication of the disputed order. Further, the Appellate Authority may condone a delay of up to one month if they are satisfied that there was a sufficient cause for such delay.
All appeals must be made in prescribed forms along with the required fees. Fee will be – The full amount of tax, interest, fine, fee and penalty arising from the challenged order, as admitted by appellant, AND –10% of the disputed amount In cases where an officer or the Commissioner of GST is appealing then fees will not be applicable.
Yes. Any person required to appear before a GST Officer/First Appellate Authority/Appellate Tribunal can assign an authorised representative to appear on his behalf, unless he is required by the Act to appear personally. An authorised representative can be-
Retired officers cannot appear in place of the concerned person within one year from the date of their retirement.
The Board or the State Government may, on the recommendation of the Council, fix monetary limits for appeals by the GST officer to regulate the filing of appeal and avoid unnecessary litigation expenses Can all decisions be appealed against? No. Appeals cannot be made for the following decisions taken by a GST officer-
A person unhappy with any decision or order passed against him under GST by an adjudicating authority can appeal to the First Appellate Authority. If they are not happy with the decision of the First Appellate Authority they can appeal to the National Appellate Tribunal, then to High Court and finally Supreme Court.
In the 48th GST Council meeting, it was decided to provide an option of withdrawal of a GST appeal that has already been filed. This move was made with the intention of reducing the number of litigations that the appellate authorities have to deal with. In this regard, a new Rule 109C was inserted in the CGST Rules via Notification No.26/2022- Central Tax.
Rule 109C states that the applicant can file an application for withdrawal of an appeal at any time before the show cause notice or order under Section 107(11) is issued, whichever is earlier. This is in respect of any appeal filed in Form GST APL-01 or Form GST APL-03. The application for withdrawal of the appeal will need to be submitted using the new Form GST APL-01/03W.
It is important to note here that in cases where the final acknowledgment in Form GST APL-02 has been issued, then the withdrawal of the said appeal will require the approval of the appellate authority. The appellate authority must make a decision on the application for withdrawal of the appeal within seven days of the applicant filing the same. Any fresh appeal filed by an appellant after such withdrawal should be within the time limits specified under Section 107.