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What is FPO Mark? – Meaning, Full Form and Application Process

Updated on: Nov 24th, 2022 - 8:07:49 PM

6 min read

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The Food Products Order, 1955 was promulgated under Section 3 of the Essential Commodities Act, 1955. The FPO mark full form is the Food Products Order (FPO) mark applied to food products sold in India. The FPO mark is a mandatory certification mark for all processed fruit products sold in India, such as fruit jams, packaged fruit beverages, crushes and squashes, dehydrated fruit products, pickles, and fruit extracts.

The FPO mark guarantees that the food products are manufactured in a hygienic and food-safe environment, ensuring that the product is fit for consumption. The Ministry of Food Processing Industries develops food safety hygiene standards and issues the FPO mark certification to processed food manufacturers. The FPO mark for food products was followed by the Food Safety and Standards (FSS) Act of 2006.

Requirement of Obtaining FPO Mark

In India, the FPO certificate has been effective since 1955, but it became mandatory for manufacturers only after 2006, after the enactment of the FSS Act. FPO mark is necessary to start a fruit processing unit or industry in India. All food processors must have an FPO licence to carry out their operations and abide by the guidelines to continue their food business.

The objective of the FPO mark is to regulate the fruits and vegetable processing sector. The government introduced it to guarantee that food products are manufactured hygienically and specific quality standards are maintained.

The manufacturers must ensure that the food products manufactured should adhere to the prescribed guidelines and specifications. Thus, it ensures customers’ confidence regarding the food products’ quality.

Food Products Requiring FPO Mark 

  • Syrups, synthetic beverages and sharbat
  • Vinegar (synthetic or brewed)
  • Pickles
  • Dehydrated vegetables and fruits
  • Crushes, squashes, barley water, barrelled juice, cordials and other beverages containing fruit pulp, juice or nectar
  • Jellies, jams and marmalades
  • Tomato products, such as sauces and ketchup
  • Candied, preserved and crystallised peels and fruits
  • Chutneys
  • Bottled and canned fruits, pulps, juices and vegetables
  • Frozen vegetables and fruits
  • Sweetened aerated water without or with fruit pulps and juices
  • Fruit cereal flakes
  • Any other item of vegetable or fruit not specified

FPO Mark Application

Every food processing manufacturer should submit Form A (Application for Licence) as provided under the first schedule of the Food Products Order, 1955, to the Ministry of Food Processing Industries. The manufacturer must fill in the below details in the licence application:

  • Name and address of the applicant
  • Address of the factory/firm
  • Description of the fruit products
  • Period for which the licence is required
  • Plan of the factory and list of equipment
  • Horsepower used to manufacture products, if any
  • Installed capacity of the equipment
  • Licence fee paid during the previous year, if any
  • The total value of the fruit products manufactured
  • Declaration of compliance with the Food Products Order, 1955 and payment of a fee
  • Signature of the applicant

Documents Required for FPO Mark

The following documents are needed to be submitted to get the FPO certification:

  • Demand draft of government fee
  • Affidavits
  • Partnership deed or memorandum of the company
  • Three years of central and sales tax return
  • List of machinery and equipment
  • PAN number of the company
  • Pollution certificate for NOC certificate
  • Agreements or order copies for providing goods
  • Bank account details of the company
  • Export licence number, if any 
  • Company registration certificate, if any
  • Proof of possession of company/firm premises, i.e. electricity bill and rental agreement

The Food Products Order, 1955 stands repealed by the Food Safety and Standards (FFS) Act, 2006. FPO mark was in action since 1955 and had become a defunct order. In 2006, under the new FSS Act, all previous certificates, registrations and licences (including FPO mark and certificate) lost their legal status. Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) became the sole food standard and regulatory authority for the food industries across India.

Thus, FSSAI issues the FSSAI licence for food and fruit products manufactured under the FPO certificate. After 2006, the manufacturers having FPO marks had to apply mandatorily for an FSSAI certificate and put the FSSAI mark with the licence number on their products to continue manufacturing food products. Currently, the manufacturers of food products must comply with the safety, quality and hygiene standards prescribed under the FSS Act.

Disclaimer: The materials provided herein are solely for information purposes. No attorney-client relationship is created when you access or use the site or the materials. The information presented on this site does not constitute legal or professional advice and should not be relied upon for such purposes or used as a substitute for legal advice from an attorney licensed in your state.

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