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Comparison Analysis: Old vs New GST Return System – Reporting of Exports, Zero-rated Supplies & Deemed Exports

Updated on: Jul 21st, 2021


7 min read

The new GST return system will be rolled-out in phases from April 2020. The main reason the old system got revamped is because of the need for a single, simple and concise return form, as compared to multiple return forms of complex nature that are currently being filed. Under the new system, there will be only one main return called the GST RET-1, which will comprise of 2 annexures – GST ANX-1 and GST ANX-2.

Latest Update

24th June 2022
The 47th GST Council meeting was held on the 28th and 29th of June 2022 in Chandigarh. Union FM Nirmala Sitharaman chaired this meeting and made recommendations to revise rates for revenue augmentation and correction of inversion while pruning the GST exemption list. Compliance relief was granted to e-commerce suppliers and composition taxpayers.

29th December 2021
The 46th GST Council meeting was held on 31st December 2021 in New Delhi. Union FM Nirmala Sitharaman led meeting has decided to defer the GST rate hike to 12% for textiles.

1st September 2021
45th GST Council meeting was held on 17th September 2021. Tax concessions on COVID-19 essentials got extended, Matter on GST compensation to states was taken up, correction of inverted tax structure, etc were on the agenda.

28th May 2021
43rd GST Council meeting took place on 28th May 2021. The Council approved the GST amnesty scheme to be re-introduced, the late fee was rationalised for all taxpayers, especially for small taxpayers and IGST is exempted on import of COVID treating equipment and relief materials up to 31st August 2021.

What are the forms under the new return System?

The main return GST RET-1 will contain all details of outward and inward supplies, along with taxes paid. The first annexure GST ANX-1 (Annexure of Supplies), is for reporting details of outward supplies, inward supplies liable to reverse-charge, and import of goods and services. The second annexure GST ANX-2 (Annexure of Inward Supplies) will contain details of inward supplies. Reporting of the exports, the deemed exports and the supplies to SEZ will be done in GST ANX-1.

From here, the information gets auto-populated in the main return GST RET-1 return. GST RET-2 (Sahaj) and GST RET-3 (Sugam) are the simplified returns which can be opted by B2C and B2B taxpayers with turnover less than Rs.5 crore in the previous FY. However, these returns do not support the declaration of export-oriented transactions, hence taxpayers having export transactions or its counterparts must use GST RET-1 only, which can be filed either monthly or quarterly.   

Where were exports, supplies to SEZ and deemed exports declared in the old return system?

Under the old return system, all data relating to exports, supplies to SEZ and deemed exports were declared under table 6 of the GSTR-1 return as follows:

Table no.Particulars
6BSupplies made to SEZ units/developers
6CDeemed exports

Amendments, debit/credit notes and refund vouchers were to be reported under table 9 in the GSTR-1.

Where are exports, supplies to SEZ and deemed exports to be declared in the new return formats?

Exports, supplies to SEZ units/developers and deemed exports need to be reported in the following tables of form GST ANX-1:   

Table no.Particulars
3C & 3D3C – Exports with payment of tax 3D – Exports without payment of tax
3E & 3F3E – Supplies to SEZ units/developers with payment of tax  3F – Supplies to SEZ units/developers without payment of tax (includes edits/amendments)
3G3G – Deemed exports (DE) (includes edits/amendments)

From GST ANX-1, the data gets auto-populated in the main return GST RET-1, in the following table:

3A3 & 4 - Exports with/without payment of tax (EXP)
5 & 6- Supplies to SEZ units with/without payment of tax (SEZ) 
7 - Deemed exports (DE)

What are the key differences in the reporting of exports under the new return system?

  • No separate table for amendments: In GSTR-1, under the present return filing system, there was a separate table (table 9) for the reporting of amendments made. However, in the new return system, any edits and amendments can be reported in the same original tables in which the exports, supplies to SEZ or deemed exports were made (as mentioned above).
  • Bifurcation of data based on payment made: Under the present system, exports, supplies to SEZ and deemed exports were to be bifurcated based on payments made i.e. with/without payment of IGST and reported under separate tables. Under the new system, this requirement has been consolidated to a single table.
  • A functionality to update Shipping Bill details: There will be a separate functionality under the new return system to report bill of entry/shipping bill details, which was not available under the current return system. The same can now be reported under the relevant sub-tables under table 3.
  • A new column introduced to intimate on refund claims: A new column titled “Would You Claim Refund?” has been introduced in GST ANX-1 for a supplier to intimate the authorities on whether he will be claiming an IGST refund. If he is not claiming a refund, he should mark the same in this column, so that the SEZ units/developers shall be eligible to avail input tax credit, and allow the refund claims for such credit, after export.
  • Reporting of export transactions under Bond/Letter of Undertaking (LUT): In the present GSTR-1 return, export transactions effected without the payment of IGST (under Bond/ Letter of Undertaking (LUT)) needs to be reported under “0” tax amount heading in tables 6A and 6B of GSTR-1. Under the new GST return system, no such requirement has been specified.
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Quick Summary

The new GST return system will be implemented in phases from April 2020 to simplify the filing process with GST RET-1 being the main return and 2 annexures, GST ANX-1 and GST ANX-2. Changes include rate revisions, compliance relief for e-commerce and composition taxpayers. The old system used GSTR-1 to report exports, supplies to SEZ, and deemed exports, shifting to GST ANX-1 in the new system.

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