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GST Council - Meetings, Live Updates, Notifications, Amendments, Dates, Hierarchy & Members of Council

Updated on: Mar 29th, 2024

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6 min read

A single common ā€œGoods and Services Tax (GST)ā€ was proposed and given a go-ahead in 1999 during a meeting between the Prime Minister Mr. Atal Bihari Vajpayee and his economic advisory panel. Mr Vajpayee set up a committee headed by the then finance minister of West Bengal, Asim Dasgupta to design a GST model.

Later, Finance Minister Mr. P Chidambaram in February 2006 continued work on the same. It finally was implemented on July 1st, 2017 to be a comprehensive, destination-based indirect tax that has replaced various indirect taxes that were implemented by the states and Centre such as VAT, excise duty, and others. The government of India also formed a GST Council to govern the GST rules. The last GST Council meeting has happened on 7th October 2023.

Latest Updates

7th October 2023
The 52nd GST Council took place on Saturday, 7th October 2023 at Sushma Swaraj Bhavan in New Delhi. The Council meeting reviewed the progress by states in passing amendments with respect to the online gaming taxation to the state GST laws. Read the highlights here

2nd August 2023
The 51st GST Council meeting took place on Wednesday, 2nd August 2023 via video conferencing. The Council is discussed and approved the rules to implement the 28% GST levy on casinos, race courses and online gaming.

11th July 2023
The 50th GST Council meeting was held on 11th July 2023, Tuesday, at New Delhi. It marks 50 meetings by the GST Council since the inception of GST. A new GST Rule was recommended to intimate taxpayers for differences between GSTR-2B and GSTR-3B and get response. Further, a final call was taken to tax online gaming, casinos and horse racing at 28% on the full face value.  Furthermore, many decisions were taken to reduce GST rate on goods and services.

Why do we need a GST Council?

GST Council is an apex member committee to modify, reconcile or to procure any law or regulation based on the context of goods and services tax in India. The council is headed by the union finance minister Mrs.Nirmala Sitharaman, who is assisted by finance ministers of all the states of India.

The last Council meeting held was the 52nd GST council meeting, which was held on 07th October 2023. The meeting was chaired by Finance Minister Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman and attended by the Finance Ministers of the states and Union Territories (UTs), and other senior officers of both, the Ministry of Finance (MoF) and the states and UTs.

The GST council is the key decision-making body that will take all important decisions regarding the GST. The GST Council decides tax rates, tax exemptions, the GST return due dates, tax laws, and other compliance deadlines, keeping in mind special rates and provisions for some states. The predominant responsibility of the GST Council is to ensure to have one uniform tax rate for goods and services across the nation.

How is the GST Council structured?

Article 279 (1) of the amended Indian Constitution states that the GST Council has to be constituted by the President within 60 days of the commencement of the Article 279A. According to the article, GST Council will be a joint forum for the Centre and the States. Here's the hierarchy of the GST council:

Designation of the person

Designation in GST Council

Union Finance Minister Chairperson
Union Minister of State - In charge of Revenue of FinanceMember
Minister in charge of finance or taxation or any other Minister nominated by each state governmentMembers

GST Council recommendations

Article 279A (4) specifies that the Council will make recommendations to the Union and the states on the important issues related to GST, such as, the goods and services will be subject or exempted from the GST. Further, they lay down GST laws, principles that govern the following:

  • Place of supply
  • Threshold limits
  • GST rates on goods and services
  • Special rates for raising additional resources during a natural calamity or disaster
  • Special GST rates for certain states

Features of GST Council

  • GST Council office is set up in New Delhi
  • Revenue Secretary is appointed as the Ex-officio Secretary to the GST Council
  • Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC) is included as the chairperson as a permanent invitee (non-voting) to all GST Council proceedings
  • Create a post for Additional Secretary to the GST Council
  • Create four posts of commissioner in the GST Council Secretariat (This is at the level of Joint Secretary)
  • GST Council Secretariat will have officers taken on deputation from both the Central and State Governments

The cabinet also provides funds for meetings the expenses (recurring and nonrecurring) of the GST Council Secretariat. This cost is completely borne by the Central government.

GST Council meetings

The Constitution did not mention the number of GST Council meetings per year. However, the Council meets periodically to discuss and decide on important issues related to GST. Further, the frequency of meetings depends on these needs.

The previous trends show that the GST Council met a minimum of four times in a year. Here's the list of GST Council meetings that have happened till now: https://gstcouncil.gov.in/gst-council-meetings.

What is the quorum for GST Council meeting?

The Constitution states that one-third of the total number of GST Council members shall constitute the quorum.

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Quick Summary

GST was proposed in 1999, implemented in 2017 to replace various indirect taxes. GST Council handles tax rates, exemptions, laws, and compliance. Council meeting frequency varies based on needs with a minimum of four times a year. Quorum for GST Council meeting is one-third of the total members.

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