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GST Full Form and GST Meaning With Example

By Annapoorna

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Updated on: May 9th, 2024

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6 min read

The full form of GST is Goods and Services Tax. 

Before learning more about Goods and Sevice Tax, let’s try to understand how taxes in India work. The Government of any country needs money for its functioning and taxes are a major source of revenue for a Government. Thus, the taxes collected are spent by the Government for the public.

These taxes are broadly classified into two types- Direct Tax and Indirect Tax.

What is meant by direct tax?

Direct Tax is imposed on the income of an assessee (individual or company or firm or HUF or any other person).

The amount of tax payable varies on the income earned by the individual from various sources such as salary, house rent income, Bank FD interest, etc. So, the more you earn, the more tax you pay to the Government which essentially means the rich pay more tax in comparison to the poor. 

Hence, the tax incidence falls on the single person or the assessee and such incidence or tax-paying responsibility cannot be passed onto any other person.

The following is a list of direct taxes relevant in India:

What is meant by indirect tax?

Indirect tax is not imposed directly on the income of the persons, as mentioned above. Instead, it is imposed on goods and services transacted which, in turn, increases the cost or MRP of those goods and services.  

Unlike a direct tax, indirect tax should be borne by the end customer, rich and poor are treated alike. 

There are many indirect taxes. Some of these are levied by the Central Government whereas some are levied by the State Government making the indirect tax system an extremely complicated system.

The following is the list of indirect taxes, currently in India:

GST was introduced to replace multiple indirect taxes levied by State and Central Governments in order to simplify the indirect tax system. It has replaced almost 17 of the existing state and central indirect taxes such as central excise duty, additional customs duty, VAT, entertainment tax, service tax etc.

It is referred to as Goods and Services Tax because it is applicable on the supply of both Goods and Services. 

Click here to get latest GST news, information, notifications & announcements.

GST meaning in various Indian languages

GST meaning in Arabicضريبة السلع والخدمات
GST meaning in Bengaliপণ্য ও পরিষেবা কর
GST meaning in EnglishGoods and Services Tax
GST meaning in Gujarathiસામાન અને સેવાઓ કર
GST meaning in Hindiवस्तु एवं सेवा कर
GST meaning in Kannadaಸರಕು ಮತ್ತು ಸೇ ವಾ ತೆರಿಗೆ
GST meaning in Malayalamവസ്തുക്കളും സേവന നികുതിയും
GST meaning in Marathiवस्तू आणि सेवा कर
GST meaning in Nepaliसामान र सेवा कर
GST meaning in Punjabiਗੁਡਸ ਐਂਡ ਸਰਵਿਸਿਜ਼ ਟੈਕਸ
GST meaning in Sindhiسامان ۽ خدمتون ٽيڪس
GST meaning in Tamilபொருட்கள் மற்றும் சேவைகள் வரி
GST meaning in Teluguవస్తువులు మరియు సేవల పన్ను
GST meaning in Urduسامان اور خدمات ٹیکس

Watch the following video to know more about GST:

For more information about GST, read a host of articles on ClearTax:

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About the Author

I preach the words, “Learning never exhausts the mind.” An aspiring CA and a passionate content writer having 4+ years of hands-on experience in deciphering jargon in Indian GST, Income Tax, off late also into the much larger Indian finance ecosystem, I love curating content in various forms to the interest of tax professionals, and enterprises, both big and small. While not writing, you can catch me singing Shāstriya Sangeetha and tuning my violin ;). Read more

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Quick Summary

GST stands for Goods and Services Tax, which replaced multiple indirect taxes to simplify the tax system in India. The tax system in India is classified into Direct Tax, imposed on individual incomes, and Indirect Tax, levied on goods and services transactions. Direct taxes are borne by the assessees, while indirect taxes increase the cost of goods and services. GST is applicable to both goods and services.

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