1. Background of UIDAIThe Unique Identification Authority of India is a statutory authority established under the provisions of the Aadhaar Act, 2016 on 12 July 2016 by the Government of India, under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MEITY). Prior to its establishment as a statutory authority, UIDAI was functioning as an attached office of NITI Aayog. Vide its gazette notification, the Government revised the allocation of business rules to attach the UIDAI to the MEITY
2. Aadhaar and UIDAIWith an intention to set up a robust system to eliminate duplicate/ fake identities supported by verification and authentication in a cost effective manner, the government introduced the Aadhaar. Aadhaar is a unique identification number to be issued to all residents of India. Unique Identification Authority of India was created with the objective to issue Unique Identification numbers (UID) under Aadhaar to all residents of India. Under the Aadhaar Act 2016, Unique Identification Authority of India is responsible for Aadhaar enrolment and authentication, including operation and management of all stages of the Aadhaar life cycle, developing the policy, procedure and system for issuing Aadhaar numbers to individuals, perform authentication, and ensure the security of identity information and authentication records of individuals.
3. Functions of UIDAIIn an ongoing process of linking all the identity cards (driving license, PAN, voter ID, passport) and accounts (bank accounts, mobile numbers, etc.) with the Aadhaar, the government is mandating the linkage in a phased manner. Currently, it is mandatory to link the PAN and bank account with the Aadhaar. The UIDAI provides services relating to Aadhaar on online as well as offline platforms. The services range from updating the details of the registered person, to correction of data and checking the status of requisitions raised. For availing these services on an offline platform, one may visit an enrolment centre with the required documents and have their issues resolved.
4. Role of UIDAIIn addition to the services provided, Unique Identification Authority of India also plays an important role in ensuring confidentiality, good governance, and developing methods to ensure a more robust system. Some places where the UIDAI plays an essential role are:
- To develop policy, procedure and system for issuing Aadhaar number to individuals, who request for the same by submitting their demographic information and biometric information by undergoing a process of enrolment.
- To ensure availability, scalability and resilience of the technology infrastructure.
- To ensure security and confidentiality of identity, information, and authentication records of individuals.
- To ensure compliance with Aadhaar Act by all individual and agencies
- To make regulations & rules consistent with the Aadhaar Act, for carrying out the provisions of the Aadhaar Act.
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5. System Procedure of UIDAIAt the core of the system, Unique Identification Authority of India has two procedures:
Enrolment and Update
6. Organisational Structure of UIDAIUnique Identification Authority of India is headquartered in New Delhi with eight regional offices and two data centres in India. The Authority consists of a Chairperson appointed on part-time basis, two part-time members, and a Chief Executive Officer (CEO) who shall be the member-secretary of the Authority. At the head office in New Delhi, the CEO’s team consists of seven Deputy Directors General (DDGs) and a Joint Secretary level Officers of Government of India as in-charge of various wings of Unique Identification Authority of India. The DDGs are supported by Assistant Directors General (ADGs), Deputy Directors, Section Officers and Assistant Section Officers. The HQ has a total sanctioned strength of 127 officers and staff members, including the Accounts and IT branches. Each of the regional offices is headed by a Deputy Director General (DDG) and the support structure comprises of assistant directors general, deputy directors, section officers, assistant section officers, senior accounts officer, accountant and personal staff.
7. Grievances Redressal of UIDAIGrievances at UIDAI are received through the following modes:
UIDAI Contact Centre
Public Grievance Portal Of The Government Of India
- DPG (Directorate of public grievances)
- DARPG (Department of Administrative reforms & Public Grievances)
- Parent Organization
- Direct receipts
- President’s Secretariat
- Minister’s office
- P.M.’s Office