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A business whose aggregate turnover in a financial year exceeds Rs.20 lakhs (or Rs.40 lakh for a supplier of goods) has to mandatorily register under Goods and Services Tax. This limit is set at Rs.10 lakhs for North Eastern and hilly states flagged as special category states. The article explores through the meaning of annual aggregate turnover, turnover in state with examples.
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As per GST law, “aggregate turnover” refers to the aggregate value of all taxable supplies (excluding the value of inward supplies on which tax is payable by a person on reverse charge basis), exempt supplies, exports of goods or services or both and inter-state supplies of persons having the same Permanent Account Number, to be computed on an all-India basis but excludes Central tax, State tax, Union territory tax, Integrated tax and cess.
The aggregate turnover computed for the entire financial year between April of a year up to March of next year is called annual aggregate turnover. In other words, it is the total turnover calculated at a PAN level (all GSTINs put together) being sum of the following:
However, the above sum excludes the tax components such as the Central tax, State tax, Union territory tax, Integrated tax and Cess. Further, the taxable value excludes those purchases where the person is required to pay tax under reverse charge. Note that the sales that are subject to reverse charge must continue to form part of the taxable supplies in aggregate turnover.
Turnover in State is different from the aggregate turnover definition. It refers to the the aggregate value of all taxable and non-taxable supplies, including exempt supplies and exports of goods and/or services made within a State by a taxable person and inter-state supplies of goods and/or services made from the State by the said taxable person excluding taxes, if any charged under the CGST Act, SGST Act and the IGST Act, as the case may be.
In other words, the turnover for a particular GSTIN at state-level including any inter-state supplies undertaken by that GSTIN.
Here’s an example to help you understand the concept of aggregate turnover.
So Mr. A owns a tea estate with an annual turnover of Rs.1.60 crore by selling tea leaves. This activity is exempt from GST. However, Mr. A also supplies plastic bags along with his crop and charges separately for this. His turnover from the sale of plastic bags is Rs. 5 lakhs and we know that this transaction (sale of plastic bags) is chargeable to GST. In simple words, his taxable turnover is only Rs. 5 lakhs.
Going by the definition of aggregate turnover, Mr. A is required to register under GST because his aggregate turnover exceeds the threshold limit of Rs. 40 lakh. Further, Mr. A does not have the option to register as a composition dealer because this aggregate turnover exceeds the threshold limit of Rs.1.5 crore (Rs 75 lakhs for special category states).
Below is the list of states which are assigned special status under Goods and Services Tax Law:
The threshold limit of aggregate turnover for all the above states has been kept at Rs. 10 lakh. So the same example will apply here too, but the numbers will get modified.
Let’s assume that the turnover of the farmer Mr. B living in Nagaland is Rs. 15 lakh from agriculture. His taxable turnover from the sale of plastic bags is only Rs. 50,000. Mr. B will still have to register under GST as his aggregate turnover exceeds the threshold limit of Rs. 10 lakh for special category states.
The Government may, at the request of a special category State and on the Council’s recommendations, increase the aggregate turnover referred to in the law from ten lakh rupees to such level, not exceeding twenty lakh rupees, and subject to such conditions and limitations, as may be prescribed in the CGST (Amendment) Act, 2018.
As a result, the threshold limit for the states of Jammu and Kashmir, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Sikkim, and Uttarakhand remains Rs.20 lakhs as of 1st January 2019, and Rs.10 lakhs for the states of Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, and Tripura.
|Compliance||Threshold Limit referred|
|Normal GST Registration||Aggregate turnover in a financial year|
|GST Registration as a composition taxable person||Aggregate turnover in the previous financial year|
|Applicability of e-Invoicing||Aggregate turnover in any preceding financial years from FY 2017-18|
|GST audit by CA/CMA||Aggregate turnover during a financial year|
|Eligibility to the quarterly return filing under the QRMP scheme||Aggregate turnover in the previous financial year|
|Mandatory HSN code reporting in Invoices||Aggregate turnover in the previous financial year|
|Levy of tax in case of composition scheme||Turnover in the State|
For further understanding, read a host of articles by ClearTax: